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The Acllacona and Mitmacona: diet, ethnicity, and status  

Bethany Turner-Livermore and Barbara R. Hewitt

Print publication date:
Jun 2018
Online publication date:
Apr 2018
This chapter discusses research by the authors among Inca populations from two sites in Peru. Machu Picchu was a royal Inca estate, close to the imperial capital of Cuzco and inhabited by ... More

Andean Statecraft before the Incas  

Jerry Moore

Print publication date:
Jun 2018
Online publication date:
Apr 2018
This chapter presents an overview of pre-Inca states in the Andes, describing patterns of statecraft that came before the Inca Empire. The earliest evidence for Andean urbanism and ... More

Applied Archaeology in the Americas: Evaluating Archaeological Solutions to the Impacts of Global Environmental Change  

Jago Cooper and Lindsay Duncan

This chapter considers the role of archaeology in creating solutions for coping with the impacts of global environmental change, illustrated by cases from Latin America. Past examples of ... More

Camelid hunting and herding in Inca times: a view from the south of the empire  

Guillermo Luis Mengoni Goñalons

Print publication date:
Mar 2017
Online publication date:
Apr 2017
South American Camelids (SAC) occupied a central role in the development of Andean societies and were an essential element of the cultural landscape. During the Inca period camelids had a ... More

Child Sacrifice in the Ancient Andes: Power and Sociopolitical Dynamics in Antiquity  

Deborah Blom

Print publication date:
May 2018
Online publication date:
Jun 2018
While reports of child sacrifice in the ancient Andes are often sensationalized to captivate popular audiences, the study of the practice provides archaeologists with an important means of ... More

Chinchaysuyu and the Northern Inca Territory  

Dennis Ogburn

Print publication date:
Jun 2018
Online publication date:
Apr 2018
Based on available archaeological and ethnohistorical data, this chapter examines the nature of Inca presence in the norther portion of the empire. Located in present-day Ecuador, this ... More

Colonial Demography and Bioarchaeology  

Melissa S. Murphy

Print publication date:
Jun 2018
Online publication date:
Apr 2018
A growing body of bioarchaeological research into the biocultural effects of Spanish colonialism on native Andean communities shows that traditional and popular narratives emphasizing the ... More

Conclusions: reassessing Inca hard power  

Alan Covey and Sonia Alconini

Print publication date:
Jun 2018
Online publication date:
Apr 2018
This chapter is an editorial conclusion to Part 3, responding to the central issues raised in chapters on the military, political, and economic power of the Inca state. The concluding ... More

Conclusions: retracing the intellectual journey of Inca origins  

Alan Covey and Sonia Alconini

Print publication date:
Jun 2018
Online publication date:
Apr 2018
This chapter is an editorial conclusion to Part 1, addressing the themes of Inca origins that emerged in chapters on colonial chronicles, Andean prehistory, and the material remains of the ... More

Conclusions: colonial Incas and the myths of conquest  

Alan Covey and Sonia Alconini

Print publication date:
Jun 2018
Online publication date:
Apr 2018
This chapter is an editorial conclusion to Part 7, developing important concepts that appear in the chapters on different aspects of continuity and change in the early colonial Andes. As ... More

Conclusions: the political economy of royal estates and imperial centers in the heartland and more distant provinces  

Sonia Alconini and Alan Covey

Print publication date:
Jun 2018
Online publication date:
Apr 2018
This chapter summarizes the themes presented in Part 2, which focused on centers of Inca power in the Cuzco region and other parts of the Andes. Focusing on the overlapping concepts of ... More

Conclusions: sacred geographies and imperial expansion  

Sonia Alconini and Alan Covey

Print publication date:
Jun 2018
Online publication date:
Apr 2018
This chapter serves as an editorial overview summarizing salient topics appearing in the chapters of Part 5, which focus on religious aspects of Inca expansion and administration. The ... More

Conclusions: civilizing the Incas  

Alan Covey and Sonia Alconini

Print publication date:
Jun 2018
Online publication date:
Apr 2018
This chapter is an editorial conclusion to Part 6, building on ideas that appeared in chapters on Inca aesthetics and the production of art and craft goods. The concluding chapter draws ... More

Conclusions: Appropriating the Inca: the complexities of social memory  

Sonia Alconini and Alan Covey

Print publication date:
Jun 2018
Online publication date:
Apr 2018
This chapter addresses the key concepts discussed in Part 8, which focused on the persistence of Inca identity and associated politics of performance, indigeneity, and “Incanism.” The ... More

Conclusions: Inca Imperial Identities: colonization, resistance, and hybridity  

Sonia Alconini and Alan Covey

Print publication date:
Jun 2018
Online publication date:
Apr 2018
This chapter provides commentary on the central themes emerging in the chapters in Part 4, which emphasize the bottom-up reconstruction of imperial negotiations in the Inca Empire. ... More

Cultivating Empire: Inca intensive agricultural strategies  

Steve Kosiba

Print publication date:
Jun 2018
Online publication date:
Apr 2018
The Inca Empire extended across myriad Andean environments where indigenous peoples had previously developed diverse, locally sustainable practices of agricultural intensification and land ... More

Cuzco: development of the imperial capital  

Ian Farrington

Print publication date:
Jun 2018
Online publication date:
Apr 2018
The ruins of the Inca capital, Cuzco, lie among and beneath the colonial, republican, and modern buildings, plazas, and streets of the modern city. This chapter draws on ethnohistorical ... More

The Development and Variation of Inca Architecture  

Jean-Pierre Protzen

Print publication date:
Jun 2018
Online publication date:
Apr 2018
The earliest Europeans in the Andes marveled at the quality of Inca masonry and the engineering of imperial infrastructure. Hiram Bingham’s rediscovery of Machu Picchu brought ... More

Evolution of Diet and the Food Economy in Peru and Ecuador: 10,000 to 500 BP  

J. Scott Raymond

Online publication date:
Aug 2016
Ecuador and Peru embrace a large and diverse mountainous landscape stretching from the equator to 18 degrees south latitude. Besides the bounty of protein available from the sea, there are ... More

Figurine Traditions from the Amazon  

Cristiana Barreto

Print publication date:
Apr 2017
Online publication date:
Jun 2017
Stone and ceramic figurines occurred in many pre-Columbian cultures of Amazonia but only appear as recurrent, traditional objects late in the cultural history of the region, primarily in ... More

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