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A 1980 Attempt at Reviving Ancient Irrigation Practices in the Pacific: Rationale, Failure, and Success  

Matthew Spriggs

Online publication date:
Jul 2015
The author was project leader on an attempt to revive ancient irrigation practices on Aneityum Island (Vanuatu, S. Pacific) in 1980, based on his archaeological and ethnoarchaeological ... More

Ancient Fiji: Melting Pot of the Southwest Pacific  

Ethan E. Cochrane

Print publication date:
May 2018
Online publication date:
Dec 2017
Like the other archipelagos of Remote Oceania, Fiji was colonized by Lapita voyagers approximately 1000 b.c. Over the subsequent three millennia, Fijian populations underwent considerable ... More

Archaeology of a Piece of Gondwanaland: The Past of New Caledonia  

Christophe Sand

Print publication date:
May 2018
Online publication date:
Sep 2015
New Caledonia is the southern-most archipelago of Melanesia. Its unique geological diversity, as part of the old Gondwana plate, has led to specific pedological and floral environments ... More

The Archaeology of Prehistoric Oceania  

Ethan E. Cochrane and Terry L. Hunt

Print publication date:
May 2018
Online publication date:
Dec 2017
The archaeological record of Oceania stretches over one-third of the earth’s surface with the first humans entering Oceania 50,000 years ago and with the last major archipelago settled ... More

The Archaeology of Rapa Nui (Easter Island)  

Terry L. Hunt and Carl Lipo

Print publication date:
May 2018
Online publication date:
Dec 2017
The public and scholarly fascination with Rapa Nui or Easter Island has stimulated research on this isolated island since the late nineteenth century. In the last twenty years such ... More

Archaeology of the Eastern Caroline Islands, Micronesia  

J. Stephen Athens

Print publication date:
May 2018
Online publication date:
Nov 2014
A great deal of archaeology has been conducted in the Eastern Caroline Islands during the last thirty-five years. This chapter provides an overview of these investigations and ... More

The Archaeology of Vanuatu: 3,000 Years of History across Islands of Ash and Coral  

Stuart Bedford and Matthew Spriggs

Print publication date:
May 2018
Online publication date:
Oct 2014
The more than 1,000-kilometer stretch of eighty-two inhabited islands comprising the Vanuatu archipelago is centrally situated in the southwest Pacific. These islands were first settled in ... More

The Archaeology of Western Micronesia  

Scott M. Fitzpatrick

Print publication date:
May 2018
Online publication date:
Oct 2014
Western Micronesia encompasses several major archipelagos and islands, including the Marianas, Yap, and Palau. Language and human biology suggest Western Micronesia was most likely ... More

Australasia  

Lesley Head, Harry Allen, Tim Denham, and Richard Fullagar

Print publication date:
Mar 2009
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
This article examines the archaeology of Australasia. It explains that Australasia comprises Australia, New Guinea, and New Zealand and it conflates geographical, colonial, and national ... More

The Chronology of Colonization in Remote Oceania  

Timothy Rieth and Ethan E. Cochrane

Print publication date:
May 2018
Online publication date:
Sep 2015
Colonization of Remote Oceania resulted in the discovery of thousands of islands spread across an enormous area of the Pacific Ocean. Beginning as early as approximately 3500 cal. B.P. in ... More

Coastal Landforms on Islands of Pacific Oceania  

William R. Dickinson

Print publication date:
May 2018
Online publication date:
Oct 2014
The evolution of coastal landforms on tropical Pacific islands has been influenced jointly by changes in relative sea level and by shoreline sediment dynamics. During human occupation of ... More

Colonization, Settlement, and Process in Central Eastern Polynesia  

Jennifer G. Kahn

Print publication date:
May 2018
Online publication date:
Oct 2014
This chapter explores the long-term processes whereby settlers moving into Central Eastern Polynesia (CEP) adapted to new island environments and social landscapes. Over a thousand-year ... More

Dietary Opportunities and Constraints on Islands: A Multi-proxy Approach to Diet in the Southern Cook Islands  

Melinda S. Allen

Online publication date:
Nov 2015
This chapter considers the advantages of islands as analytical units and the benefits of multi-proxy approaches to diet reconstructions. An overview of some common historical trends in ... More

Hunter-Gatherers in Australia: Deep Histories of Continuity and Change  

Iain Davidson

Print publication date:
Apr 2014
Online publication date:
Jan 2014
This article addresses the question of what is the central narrative of the archaeological past in Australia and its adjacent islands. The article summarises genetic evidence that there ... More

Linguistic Evidence as a Window into the Prehistory of Oceania  

Andrew Pawley

Print publication date:
May 2018
Online publication date:
Sep 2015
Historical linguistics is a key witness in reconstructing the prehistory of Oceania. The extraordinary number of Papuan (non-Austronesian) language families in Near Oceania is consistent ... More

Maturing Nicely: Overseas Chinese Archaeology in Australia and New Zealand  

Alister Bowen

This chapter maps the history of historical archaeological research on Chinese people in colonial Australia and New Zealand. The discussion addresses the thematic progress of historical ... More

Missionization, Māori, and Colonial Warfare in Nineteenth-Century New Zealand  

Angela Middleton

Online publication date:
Apr 2015
Prior to the arrival of the first small group of Protestant evangelical missionaries to New Zealand in 1814, there were only intermittent, occasionally violent encounters between ... More

New Guinea  

Peter White

Print publication date:
May 2018
Online publication date:
Oct 2014
New Guinea, inhabited for approximately 50,000 years, has been the focus of far less archaeological research compared to Australia and Polynesia, to the south and east, respectively. ... More

The Peopling of Sahul and Near Oceania  

Sue O'Connor and Peter Hiscock

Print publication date:
May 2018
Online publication date:
Oct 2014
Sahul, comprising Australia, Tasmania, and New Guinea was colonized from Sunda, the enlarged southernmost extension of Eurasia, by anatomically modern Homo sapiens over 50,000 years ago. ... More

The Prehistory of Hawai‘i  

Patrick V. Kirch

Print publication date:
May 2018
Online publication date:
Oct 2014
The Hawaiian Islands are the most isolated inhabited archipelago in the world. Initially colonized around A.D. 1000, the environmental gradients of rainfall and island-age have influenced ... More

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