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Abandoning the Nationalist Framework: Comparative Legal History  

Kjell Å Modéer

Print publication date:
Jul 2018
Online publication date:
Aug 2018
This chapter is about the relations between the national legal system and the ‘other’—especially from the creation of the modern nation state in the early nineteenth century and up to ... More

Abortion and Reproductive Rights  

Jane Maslow Cohen

Print publication date:
Jun 2005
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
This article discusses critical debate about individual control over the beginnings of life that has sprawled across the fields of academic law, philosophy, politics, religion, the life ... More

Access to Charter Justice  

Carissima Mathen

Print publication date:
Oct 2017
Online publication date:
Nov 2017
This chapter discusses how Canadian constitutional issues come before the courts. Its primary focus is on litigation arising under the Charter of Rights and Freedoms. Since the ... More

Access to Civil Justice  

Roderick A. Macdonald

Print publication date:
Nov 2010
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
Subject:
Law, Civil Law
This article discusses the process of empirical research on access to justice, explaining the procedure from data collection to analysis. Research into access to justice finds ways to ... More

Access to Health Insurance and Health Benefits  

Timothy Jost

Print publication date:
Jan 2017
Online publication date:
Jul 2015
This article examines the five forms of payment for healthcare that are common in the United States: out-of-pocket, charity, direct public provision, public health insurance, and private ... More

Accessing Hospitals and Health Professionals  

Eleanor D. Kinney and Priscilla Keith

Print publication date:
Jan 2017
Online publication date:
Feb 2016
This chapter examines the issue of access to healthcare, with particular emphasis on the five dimensions of the model proposed by Roy Penchansky and J. William Thomas: availability, ... More

Accession and Withdrawal in the Law of the European Union  

Christophe Hillion

Print publication date:
Jul 2015
Online publication date:
Feb 2015
Subject:
Law, EU Law
This chapter examines the procedures for acceding to and withdrawing from the European Union. It is argued that, while determined by (Member) states’ decisions, accession and withdrawal ... More

Accountability  

Mathias Koenig-Archibugi

Print publication date:
Nov 2016
Online publication date:
Nov 2017
This chapter examines the issue of accountability in relation to international organizations (IOs). The research questions deserving most intense theoretical and empirical attention are, ... More

Accountability  

Paul Craig

Print publication date:
Jul 2015
Online publication date:
Apr 2015
Subject:
Law, EU Law
This chapter focuses on accountability and its political, legal, and financial aspects. Drawing on Mark Bovens’ conception of accountability that addresses the relationship between an ... More

Accounting and Financial Reporting: Global Aspirations, Local Realities  

Lawrence A. Cunningham

Print publication date:
May 2018
Online publication date:
Sep 2015
This chapter examines the functions of corporate accounting and financial reporting around the world, with particular emphasis on how local realities that explain persistent diversity ... More

Action Against Host States of Terrorist Groups  

Lindsay Moir

Print publication date:
Jan 2015
Online publication date:
Jun 2016
This chapter examines the problems that could arise when a state invokes self-defence to justify action against terrorist groups in another state. It first considers indirect armed attack ... More

Acts and Actus Reus  

Vincent Chiao

Print publication date:
Nov 2014
Online publication date:
Mar 2015
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law
This chapter examines the concept of actus reus as a basic, essential component of criminal liability. It considers a range of recent scholarly interpretations of actus reus and the extent ... More

Addressing the Gender Gap in R2P  

Sara Davies

Print publication date:
Jun 2016
Online publication date:
Aug 2016
Since its inception, the responsibility to protect (R2P) principle has been progressively narrowed in its scope and application in order to capture widespread support from governments and ... More

Adjudication  

William Lucy

Print publication date:
Jan 2004
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
This article introduces the rationality and legitimacy conditions and positions them within contemporary sceptical and non-sceptical accounts of adjudication. Two sections are concerned ... More

Adjudication of Indigenous-Settler Relations  

Richard P. Boast

Print publication date:
Aug 2018
Online publication date:
Sep 2018
This chapter examines the connections between the field of legal history and the various ways in which claims against states by indigenous groups are adjudicated and resolved. It focuses ... More

The Administrative and Regulatory State  

T. V. Somanathan

Print publication date:
Mar 2016
Online publication date:
Feb 2017
This chapter explores how India’s constitutional law has addressed the administrative and regulatory State as it has evolved outside the traditional branches of government, and how ... More

Administrative Justice  

Simon Halliday and Colin Scott

Print publication date:
Nov 2010
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
Administrative justice receives varying emphasis in different jurisdictions. This article explores empirical legal studies, which fall on either side of the decision making-and-review ... More

The Administrative State: Law, Democracy, and Knowledge  

Adrian Vermeule

Print publication date:
Oct 2015
Online publication date:
Nov 2015
This chapter examines the administrative state in relation to modern constitutional theory. To explain the administrative state, it draws on three frameworks that are grounded in ... More

Admission and Establishment  

Ignacio Gómez-palacio and Peter Muchlinski

Print publication date:
Jun 2008
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
This article outlines the major legal and policy issues that the development of rights to admission and establishment raise under international law. It begins with an assessment of the ... More

Adoption Versus Alternative Forms of Care  

Brian Sloan

Online publication date:
Dec 2018
This chapter, which focuses on English law, considers preference for adoption in some circumstances from a comparative law perspective, before comparing the treatment of adoption to that ... More

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