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The Abrahamic Religions and the Classical Tradition  

Peter E. Pormann

Print publication date:
Oct 2015
Online publication date:
Nov 2015
The classical tradition not only provided the backdrop against which the Abrahamic religions emerged, but also provided a constant source of inspiration for their development over the ... More

An African Religions Perspective  

Kwasi Wiredu

Print publication date:
Dec 2010
Online publication date:
Jan 2011
A very fundamental fact about African religions is that they are not institutional religions. They do not have an organization that one becomes a member of upon converting or being ... More

Ancient Near Eastern Millennialism  

Robert Gnuse

Print publication date:
Oct 2011
Online publication date:
Jan 2012
Although there existed no real millennial text prior to late Jewish and early Christian texts, there exists an overabundance of resources that heavily draw on millennial texts. This ... More

Ancient Near Eastern Studies: Egypt  

Kenneth Kitchen

Print publication date:
Feb 2008
Online publication date:
Sep 2009
This article looks at the impact of ancient Near Eastern studies on biblical scholarship. Before 1800, no accurate first-hand knowledge of Egypt's ancient remains was available to compare ... More

Ancient Near Eastern Studies: Mesopotamia  

W. G. Lambert

Print publication date:
Feb 2008
Online publication date:
Sep 2009
This article discusses the impact of ancient Near Eastern studies on biblical scholarship, focusing on written remains of all kinds. Ancient Mesopotamia has yielded tens of thousands of ... More

Anglican  

Mary Tanner

Online publication date:
Oct 2017
This chapter traces the Anglican commitment to, and involvement in, the ecumenical movement from the mid-nineteenth century to the present, particularly as reflected in resolutions of ... More

Apocalyptic Religion and Violence  

Jamel Velji

Print publication date:
Jan 2013
Online publication date:
Mar 2013
This chapter offers a working definition of the apocalyptic, followed by some of the apocalyptic's most important constituent components. Then, it concentrates on associations between ... More

Aquinas and Atheism  

Brian Davies

Print publication date:
Nov 2013
Online publication date:
Dec 2013
This essay aims to explain what Aquinas does and does not mean when using the word ‘God’. It also tries to explain why Aquinas thinks it reasonable to conclude that God exists and how ... More

Armageddon in Christian, Sunni, and Shia Traditions  

Michael A. Sells

Print publication date:
Jan 2013
Online publication date:
Mar 2013
This chapter, which looks at the actual or alleged cases of apocalypticism within contemporary Iranian Shi'ite, Saudi Sunni, and American Christian circles, evaluates the issue of ... More

Asia  

Scott W. Sunquist

Online publication date:
Oct 2017
Asian ecumenism began as a pragmatic concern of Western mission agencies, but was catalysed under the pressure of Japanese imperialism early in the twentieth century. National ecumenical ... More

Authority of Scripture, Tradition, and the Church  

Richard Swinburne

Print publication date:
Mar 2011
Online publication date:
Sep 2009
Christianity, Islam, and Judaism all claim that God has given humans a revelation. Divine revelation may be either of God, or by God of propositional truth. Traditionally Christianity has ... More

Avertive Apocalypticism  

Daniel Wojcik

Print publication date:
Oct 2011
Online publication date:
Jan 2012
The concept of avertive apocalypticism describes a wide range of beliefs that predict imminent worldly destruction and maintains that apocalypse may be averted or forestalled if believers ... More

Baptism  

Susan K. Wood SCL

Online publication date:
Dec 2017
This chapter surveys commonalities and divergences with regard to the theology and practice of baptism that are reflected in the World Council of Churches convergence document on Baptism, ... More

Baptist  

Steven R. Harmon

Online publication date:
Nov 2017
While the Baptist tradition has not always been associated with ecumenical engagement in the minds of its observers or of Baptists themselves, this chapter highlights the overt and ... More

Bilateral Dialogues  

Eva-Maria Faber

Online publication date:
Jun 2017
The chapter traces the history of bilateral dialogues and considers the experience and results of dialogue. It discusses the particular nature of bilateral dialogues in contrast with ... More

Britain and Ireland  

Paul Avis

Online publication date:
Sep 2017
This chapter begins by noting the contribution of British ecumenists to the ecumenical movement and then proceeds to survey the ecumenical scene in Britain and Ireland against the ... More

Buddhism  

Andrew Skilton

Print publication date:
Nov 2013
Online publication date:
Oct 2013
The article examines evidence for characteristic Buddhist positions regarding the nature and soteriological status of deities. It establishes that deities are but one of several classes of ... More

Buddhist Economics: Scales of Value in Global Exchange  

Matthew King

In addition to summarizing key concerns in Theravāda Buddhist Economics by scholars such as E. F. Schumacher and the Thai monk Payutto, this essay explores how descriptions of the West, ... More

A Buddhist Perspective  

David Burton

Print publication date:
Dec 2010
Online publication date:
Jan 2011
This article examines Buddhist views about intrareligious and interreligious diversity. For a Buddhist, religious others can be Buddhists of other sects and schools, as well as those ... More

The Case Against Atheism  

T. J. Mawson

Print publication date:
Nov 2013
Online publication date:
Dec 2013
This essay begins by remarking that the broad understanding of atheism (‘absence of belief in a God or gods’) is not a position that theism per se commits one to claiming is unreasonable. ... More

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