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“A Muslim from America”  

Nadirah Shabazz

Online publication date:
Nov 2014
Subject:
Religion, Islam
Using the Autobiography of Malcolm X, this chapter examines the concept of Muslim American indigeneity and the emerging Muslim American literature canon as responses to a history of ... More

Abdolkarim Soroush  

Behrooz Ghamari-Tabrizi

Print publication date:
Nov 2013
Online publication date:
Dec 2013
Abdolkarim Soroush founded one of the most important intellectual movements in Iran. This article traces the development of his thought through three distinct periods: (1) a critique of ... More

Abraham and Authenticity  

Reuven Firestone

Print publication date:
Oct 2015
Online publication date:
Nov 2015
The Abrahamic religions recognize Abraham as the first to arrive at the truth of monotheism and live out the ideal relationship with God. He is the archetype of the stalwart religious ... More

The Abrahamic Religions as a Modern Concept  

Mark Silk

Print publication date:
Oct 2015
Online publication date:
Nov 2015
The modern concept of the Abrahamic religions has roots in Christian theology, the academic study of the Near East, and the study of Islam. In the nineteenth century, Protestant ... More

Abū Hāshim al-Jubbāʾī’s (d. 321/933) Theory of ‘States’ (aḥwāl) and its Adaption by Ashʿarite Theologians  

Jan Thiele

Print publication date:
Mar 2016
Online publication date:
Mar 2014
This chapter discusses the notion of ‘states’ (aḥwāl) in Muʿtazilite and Ashʿarite theology. The concept was borrowed from linguistics by the Muʿtazilite theologian Abū Hāshim al-Jubbāʾī ... More

African American and Immigrant Muslim Interaction: Past, Present and Future  

Saeed Kahn

Online publication date:
Sep 2014
Subject:
Religion, Islam
The narrative of Islam in America took a significant turn with the influx of a critical mass of Muslims migrating from the Middle East and South Asia in the twentieth century. The ... More

African American Muslim Congregations, 1913–2013  

Edward E. Curtis IV

Online publication date:
Jan 2014
Subject:
Religion, Islam
For nearly a century, African American Muslims have gathered for religious purposes in local voluntary religious associations that, like other American religious congregations, are a basic ... More

African American Muslims  

Caroline Moxley Rouse

Print publication date:
Jan 2015
Online publication date:
Mar 2014
Subject:
Religion, Islam
This chapter sees the embrace of Islam within the African American community as a response to white supremacy and struggles for citizenship. It is important to recognize that while the ... More

The Ak Party in Turkey  

Ibrahim Kalin

Print publication date:
Nov 2013
Online publication date:
Dec 2013
This article discusses the emergence of Turkey’s Justice and Development Party (Adalet ve Kalkınma Partisi; the AK Party) as a center-right political movement with Islamic and national ... More

Al-Jama‘a Al-Islamiya and the Al-Jihad Group in Egypt  

Nael Shama

Print publication date:
Nov 2013
Online publication date:
Dec 2013
This article examines the development and ideology of Egypt’s largest militant groups, al-Jama`a al-Islamiya (al-Jama`a) and the Islamic Jihad Group (al-Jihad). It argues that modern ... More

al-Maʾmūn (r. 198/813–218/833) and the Miḥna  

Nimrod Hurvitz

Print publication date:
Mar 2016
Online publication date:
Mar 2014
Modern studies of the miḥna have focused on al-Ma’mun’s claim to spiritual authority. Basing itself on Ahmad ibn Hanbal’s interrogations and al-Ma’mun’s miḥna letters, this study focuses ... More

Al-Qaida and Its Affiliates  

Jason Burke

Print publication date:
Nov 2013
Online publication date:
Dec 2013
This article examines the history, nature, and meaning of the “al-Qaida.” Debates have raged within the law enforcement and intelligence communities between those who favor a conception of ... More

Albanians’ Islam(s)  

Isa Blumi and Gezim Krasniqi

Print publication date:
Oct 2014
Online publication date:
Jan 2015
Albanians in the Balkans present a unique socio-political case of how an ‘ethnic’ group’s collective identity is not formed by religion alone. Constituting the majority population in the ... More

‘Ali Shari‘Ati  

Shahrough Akhavi

Print publication date:
Nov 2013
Online publication date:
Dec 2013
This article analyzes the five main themes emerging from the thought of Iranian political activist and intellectual `Ali Shari`ati (1933–1977). These are (1) history as a dialectical ... More

American Coverage of Immigration, Islam, and Identity in the UK and the Netherlands  

Elizabeth Poole

Print publication date:
Aug 2012
Online publication date:
Nov 2012
This article explores how American journalists cover religion in Europe, where issues of faith and church-state relations lead to differing interpretations of religio-ethnic news events, ... More

American Islamic Communities  

Jane I. Smith

Print publication date:
Oct 2006
Online publication date:
Sep 2009
Muslims who live in regions such as Europe and the United States that are outside the sphere of dominant Islamic culture face a steady array of choices. Underlying the lifestyle decisions ... More

American Mosque Architecture  

Akel Ismail Kahera

Print publication date:
Jan 2015
Online publication date:
Apr 2014
Subject:
Religion, Islam
This chapter discusses a host of aesthetic leitmotifs that characterize Muslim religious architecture in the United States. It examines the taxonomy of images that define the American ... More

American Muslim Youth Movements  

Rabia Kamal

Print publication date:
Jan 2015
Online publication date:
Mar 2014
Subject:
Religion, Islam
Organizations catering to Muslim youth in the United States have proliferated in the last several decades, offering a wide range of services and activities to an increasingly diverse ... More

American Muslims and Global Islam  

Peter Mandaville

Print publication date:
Jan 2015
Online publication date:
Mar 2014
Subject:
Religion, Islam
This article explores some of the ways in which the religious lives of American Muslims are shaped by—and, in turn, shape—Islamic ideas, doctrines, organizations, and movements that ... More

American Muslims in the Age of New Media  

Nadia Khan

Print publication date:
Jan 2015
Online publication date:
Jan 2014
Subject:
Religion, Islam
The article explores how American Muslim activists increasingly use the power of social media to change the discourse about American Muslims. First, it provides a sketch of the American ... More

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