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Absolutism  

Mark Goldie

Print publication date:
May 2011
Online publication date:
Sep 2011
Absolutism is a nineteenth-century term designed precisely to address the mismatch between doctrine and power. The intellectual resources of absolutism were far older than the Renaissance ... More

Adam Smith’s Libertarian Paternalism  

James R. Otteson

Print publication date:
Apr 2018
Online publication date:
Aug 2016
Richard Thaler and Cass Sunstein argue for “libertarian paternalism,” defined as the strategy to devise policy that will “maintain or increase freedom of choice” and at the same time ... More

Aesthetic Value, Nature, and Environment  

Emily Brady

Print publication date:
Jan 2017
Online publication date:
Jan 2016
This chapter discusses key issues and questions about aesthetic experience and valuing of natural objects, processes, and phenomena. It begins by exploring the character of environmental, ... More

Affirmative Action for the Future  

James P. Sterba

Print publication date:
Feb 2017
Online publication date:
Jan 2017
Diversity instead of race-based affirmative action developed in the United States from the Regents of the University of California v. Bakke decision in 1978 to the present. There have been ... More

Anarchism  

Marshall Shatz

Print publication date:
May 2011
Online publication date:
Sep 2011
Anarchism rejects the state as an inherently despotic institution that must be abolished in order for human nature to flower. This does not mean the absence of social order, however, for ... More

Animal Rights and Political Theory  

Julian Franklin

Print publication date:
May 2011
Online publication date:
Sep 2011
In the ancient world, the idea that killing animals for food is wrong arose mainly from belief in a deep continuity between the animal and human psyche. The underlying thought is that the ... More

The Anthropocene!: Beyond the Natural?  

Holmes Rolston III

Print publication date:
Jan 2017
Online publication date:
Jan 2016
We are now entering the Anthropocene Epoch—so runs a recent enthusiastic claim. Humans can and ought go beyond the natural and powerfully engineer a better planet, managing for climate ... More

Anthropogenic Mass Extinction: The Science, the Ethics, and the Civics  

Jeremy Bendik-Keymer and Chris Haufe

Print publication date:
Jan 2017
Online publication date:
Feb 2016
We explore the science of mass extinction, link it to industrial civilization, use the concept of the banality of evil to explain the ethical situation, and then explain the various ways ... More

Arabic Contributions to Medieval Political Theory  

Charles E. Butterworth

Print publication date:
May 2011
Online publication date:
Sep 2011
This article explores political philosophy within the medieval Arabic-Islamic tradition of the Middle East, focusing on the contributions of a few thinkers including Alfarabi, Avicenna, ... More

Aristotelian Freedom  

David Keyt

Print publication date:
Apr 2018
Online publication date:
Jul 2016
According to Aristotle, the “democratic” freedom treasured by the exponents of ancient Greek democracy has two marks, one personal and one political: (i) to live as one wishes and (ii) to ... More

Aristotle on the Love of Friends  

Neera K. Badhwar and Russell E. Jones

On Aristotle’s account of philia in the Nicomachean Ethics, friends who love each other because of their virtue rather than their incidental properties are most fully friends, because they ... More

Aristotle's Politics  

Pierre Pellegrin

Print publication date:
Aug 2012
Online publication date:
Nov 2012
Is there something like an Aristotelian political thought or philosophy? Apparently so: we have a special treatise by Aristotle that takes as its object the consideration of the city ... More

Art and Education  

Catherine Z. Elgin

Print publication date:
Oct 2009
Online publication date:
Jan 2010
This article discusses the character of art and the centrality of art education to the curriculum. It argues against the claim that art is impervious to education. It explains that though ... More

Art and Politics  

Lydia Goehr

Print publication date:
Jan 2005
Online publication date:
Sep 2009
This article focuses on one issue in the wide-ranging, contemporary debates on the relation between art and politics, namely, philosophy's role in these debates and the contribution it ... More

Authority  

A. John Simmons

Print publication date:
Jun 2012
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
This article analyzes the concept of authority. It discusses Hobbes's and Locke's theories of practical authority. It briefly compares consent- and nonconsent-based accounts of political ... More

Beholding Nietzsche: , Fate, and Freedom  

Christa Davis Acampora

Print publication date:
Sep 2013
Online publication date:
Dec 2013
Ecce Homo offers Nietzsche’s own interpretation of himself, his thoughts, and his works. This article analyzes how the text bears on his ideas about agency, fate, and freedom. ... More

Between Reconstruction and Elimination: Alain Locke’s Philosophy of Race  

Jacoby Adeshei Carter

Print publication date:
Feb 2017
Online publication date:
Jan 2017
Alain Locke assessed the anthropological theories of race in his day and rejected the idea that race was causally related to culture. Locke argued further that scientific theories of race ... More

Bioethics, Disability, and Selective Reproductive Technology: Taking Intersectionality Seriously  

Christian Munthe

Online publication date:
May 2018
This chapter explores disability-based criticism against what is here called selective reproductive technology (SRT) such as prenatal screening programs in light of recent calls for ... More

Biological Anthropology, Population Genetics, and Race  

John H. Relethford

Print publication date:
Feb 2017
Online publication date:
Jan 2017
Recent developments in molecular genetics have given us much information about DNA markers and a detailed look at evolutionary causes of genetic variation in humans. Patterns of genetic ... More

Black American Social Identity and Its Blackness  

Lionel K. McPherson

Print publication date:
Feb 2017
Online publication date:
Jan 2017
Understanding black American social identity has suffered from association with the race idea. Being black American is not a racial designation. The tendency to reduce color-conscious ... More

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