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The A Priori  

Christopher Peacocke

Print publication date:
Nov 2007
Online publication date:
Sep 2009
The existence and nature of the a priori are defining issues for philosophy. A philosopher's attitude to the a priori is a touchstone for his whole approach to the subject. Sometimes, as ... More

Ars Characteristica, Logical Calculus, and Natural Languages  

Massimo Mugnai

Print publication date:
Dec 2018
Online publication date:
Jul 2015
This chapter discusses Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz’s philosophical reflections on ars characteristica (“characteristic art,” the art of forming and arranging characters so that they agree ... More

Ascriber Contextualism  

Stewart Cohen

Print publication date:
Sep 2008
Online publication date:
Sep 2009
This article describes the concept of ascriber contextualism in relation to skepticism. It explains that ascriber contextualism in epistemology is the view that the truth conditions for ... More

Assertibility and Paradox  

Tim McCarthy

Online publication date:
Jan 2019
Antinomies involving the assertibility modal arise when we consider what are called “syntactic interpretations” of the assertibility operator A, translation schemes in which the operator ... More

Asserting Ignorance  

Rik Peels

Online publication date:
Feb 2019
This article explores to what extent ignorance is assertable. More specifically, can one properly assert that one is ignorant with respect to some specific proposition p? This article ... More

Assertion  

Mitchell S. Green

Online publication date:
Jan 2017
Assertion is here approached as a social practice developed through cultural evolution. This perspective will facilitate inquiry into questions concerning what role assertion plays in ... More

Assertion and Convention  

Mitchell S. Green

Online publication date:
Nov 2018
In light of a view of assertion as a product of cultural evolution, we disentangle a number of distinct questions that might be raised concerning the relation of assertion to convention ... More

Assertion and Fiction  

Manuel García-Carpintero

Online publication date:
Nov 2018
This article discusses three issues about the relations between fiction and assertion that have figured prominently in recent debates. In the first section, it addresses questions about ... More

Assertion and Mindreading  

William S. Horton

Online publication date:
Nov 2018
Pragmatic accounts of assertion commonly assume that language users engage in some form of mindreading. For example, Stalnaker proposed that the critical context for any assertion is the ... More

Assertion and Modality  

Fabrizio Cariani

Online publication date:
Feb 2019
This essay is an opinionated exploration of the constraints that modal discourse imposes on the theory of assertion. Primary focus is on the question whether modal discourse challenges the ... More

Assertion and Testimony  

Edward S. Hinchman

Online publication date:
Mar 2019
Which is more fundamental, assertion or testimony? Should we understand assertion as basic, treating testimony as what one gets when one adds an interpersonal addressee? Or should we ... More

Assertion and the Declarative Mood  

Mark Jary

Online publication date:
Feb 2019
This chapter argues that assertion is fundamentally linguistic, in that it is a practice that can exist only in a speech community that has a linguistic form specified for the performance ... More

Assertion of Knowledge  

Patrick Rysiew

Online publication date:
Feb 2019
Assertions of knowledge—that is, assertions which constitute ascriptions of knowledge—have served both as a central source of data in the epistemological theorizing and as an important ... More

Assertion, Lying, and Untruthfully Implicating  

Jessica Pepp

Online publication date:
Jan 2019
This chapter explores the prospects for justifying the somewhat widespread, somewhat firmly held sense that there is some moral advantage to untruthfully implicating over lying. The author ... More

Assertion, Saying, and Propositional Complexity in Wittgenstein's Tractatus  

Colin Johnston

Print publication date:
Oct 2011
Online publication date:
Jan 2012
Ludwig Wittgenstein responds in his Notes on Logic to a discussion of Bertrand Russell's 1903 Principles of Mathematics concerning assertion. In Principles of Mathematics, Russell makes a ... More

Assertion: A Defective Theoretical Category  

Herman Cappelen

Online publication date:
Jan 2019
This chapter defends the view that research about language and communication should not appeal to anything that falls under the label “assertion.” According to the No-Assertion view ... More

Austin on Asserting and Knowing  

Robert Fiengo

Online publication date:
Nov 2018
Austin argued that asserting is a family of four systematically related illocutionary acts: that, when we assert, we are always either Calling an item something, or Describing an item as ... More

Bullshit Assertion  

Ben Kotzee

Online publication date:
Jan 2019
In his short article “On Bullshit” (1986, republished as a book in 2005), Harry Frankfurt diagnoses a distinctive problem of contemporary culture: that so much of it is bullshit. Today, ... More

Can Groups Assert That P?  

Deborah Tollefsen

Online publication date:
Jan 2019
When a group or institution issues a declarative statement, what sort of speech act is this? Is it the assertion of a single individual (perhaps the group’s spokesperson or leader) or the ... More

Causation and Semantic Content  

Frank Jackson

Print publication date:
Nov 2009
Online publication date:
Jan 2010
How does causation enter the picture? Belief is a state shaped by the world, a state that seeks to fit the world; desire is a state that shapes the world, that seeks to make the world fit ... More

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