You are looking at  1-20 of 277 articles  for:

  • Metaphysics x
Clear All

View:

Abortion and Death  

Don Marquis

Print publication date:
Dec 2012
Online publication date:
Dec 2012
This chapter, which examines views about abortion and death, discusses claims about abortion and explains some ways for considering these claims to be true. It analyzes whether abortion ... More

The Actual World  

Donald Rutherford

Print publication date:
Dec 2018
Online publication date:
Jul 2015
This chapter discusses Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz’s theory of the actual world as the best of all possible worlds. The chapter opens with Leibniz’s response to the two most basic questions ... More

Agency and Interventionist Theories  

James F. Woodward

Print publication date:
Nov 2009
Online publication date:
Jan 2010
Agency and interventionist theories of causation take as their point of departure a common-sense idea about the connection between causation and manipulation: causal relationships are ... More

Agent-Causal Theories of Freedom  

Timothy O'Connor

Print publication date:
Jul 2011
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
This article provides an overview of recent agent-causal theories, explaining what motivates them to postulate an “ontologically primitive” notion of causation by an agent or substance ... More

Alteration and Persistence: Form and Matter in the Physics and De Generatione et Corruptione  

S. Marc Cohen

Print publication date:
Aug 2012
Online publication date:
Nov 2012
Aristotle's Physics is a study of nature (phusis) and of natural objects (ta phusei). According to him, these objects—either all of them or at least some of them—are in motion. That is, ... More

Alternatives for Libertarians  

Randolph Clarke

Print publication date:
Jul 2011
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
This article discusses objections to all three kinds of libertarian theory. It first reprises and further develops criticisms of noncausalist and event-causal (EC) libertarian theories. It ... More

The Ancient Greeks  

Sarah Broadie

Print publication date:
Nov 2009
Online publication date:
Jan 2010
There are various motives for refining the notion of cause. Aristotle's was an interest in providing the most informative and illuminating method of explaining the central natural ... More

Anti‐Reductionism  

John W. Carroll

Print publication date:
Nov 2009
Online publication date:
Jan 2010
Anti-reductionism is the view that causation cannot be analysed non-nomically and, further, that causation still resists analysis even when the non-causal, nomic concepts are made ... More

Aristotle on the Infinite  

Ursula Coope

Print publication date:
Aug 2012
Online publication date:
Nov 2012
In Physics, Aristotle starts his positive account of the infinite by raising a problem: “[I]f one supposes it not to exist, many impossible things result, and equally if one supposes it to ... More

Aristotle's Categorial Scheme  

Paul Studtmann

Print publication date:
Aug 2012
Online publication date:
Nov 2012
Aristotle's categorial scheme had an unparalleled effect not only on his own philosophical system, but also on the systems of many of the greatest philosophers in the Western tradition. ... More

The Asymmetry of Influence  

Douglas Kutach

Print publication date:
Apr 2011
Online publication date:
Sep 2011
This chapter considers the nature of the causal asymmetry, or even more generally, the asymmetry of influence. Putting aside explanations which would appeal to an asymmetry in time as ... More

Atomism's Eleatic Roots  

David Sedley

Print publication date:
Oct 2008
Online publication date:
Sep 2009
Presocratic atomism was one of the most influential of the early theories: both Plato and Aristotle thought of it as a major competing theory, and it was an important source for ... More

The Badness of Death and the Goodness of Life  

John Broome

Print publication date:
Dec 2012
Online publication date:
Dec 2012
This chapter, which examines the goodness of life and the badness of death, also analyzes what people lose by dying and explains the principle of the constant-length additively separable ... More

Beholding Nietzsche: , Fate, and Freedom  

Christa Davis Acampora

Print publication date:
Sep 2013
Online publication date:
Dec 2013
Ecce Homo offers Nietzsche’s own interpretation of himself, his thoughts, and his works. This article analyzes how the text bears on his ideas about agency, fate, and freedom. ... More

Being  

John F. Wippel

Print publication date:
Jan 2012
Online publication date:
May 2012
Aquinas mentioned that the word ‘being’ (ens) signifies ‘that which is’ or ‘that which exists’. Aquinas recognized with Parmenides that the act of being cannot be divided by something ... More

Being  

Gyula Klima

Print publication date:
May 2012
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
This article argues that the most difficult conceptual hurdle in the way of a contemporary analytical philosopher trying to approach medieval philosophy is the notion of being or ... More

Being at Home: Human Beings and Human Bodies  

Maximilian de Gaynesford

Print publication date:
Nov 2007
Online publication date:
Sep 2009
Being human and engaging in philosophy are interdependent if not identical. In one direction, to engage in philosophy is to think about what it is to be human. Kant bequeathed this view to ... More

Being Qua Being  

Christopher Shields

Print publication date:
Aug 2012
Online publication date:
Nov 2012
According to Aristotle, there is a science (epistêmê) that studies being qua being, and the attributes belonging to it in its own right. This claim, which opens Metaphysics IV 1, is both ... More

Being, Becoming, and Time in Nietzsche  

Robin Small

Print publication date:
Sep 2013
Online publication date:
Dec 2013
This article examines Nietzsche’s thoughts about becoming and being, and how these are at odds with both knowledge and life. It discusses how Nietzsche addresses this problem, beginning ... More

Beyond Theoretical Reduction and Layer‐Cake Antireduction: How DNA Retooled Genetics and Transformed Biological Practice  

C. Kenneth Waters

Print publication date:
Jul 2008
Online publication date:
Sep 2009
Watson and Crick's discovery of the structure of DNA transformed biology by providing a basis for explaining a wide variety of phenomena. Philosophical discussion concerning this discovery ... More

View: