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The A Priori  

Christopher Peacocke

Print publication date:
Nov 2007
Online publication date:
Sep 2009
The existence and nature of the a priori are defining issues for philosophy. A philosopher's attitude to the a priori is a touchstone for his whole approach to the subject. Sometimes, as ... More

Action and The Will  

John Hyman

Print publication date:
Oct 2011
Online publication date:
Jan 2012
In Philosophical Investigations, Ludwig Wittgenstein talks about action and the will. The main ideas we need to be acquainted with in order to understand Wittgenstein's remarks on this ... More

Action-Based Accounts of Perception  

Pierre Jacob

Print publication date:
Jul 2015
Online publication date:
Dec 2013
There are two main motivations for action-based approaches to perception: the parsimonious assumption that action and perception belong to a single overlapping functional system and the ... More

Addressing Wicked Problems through Transdisciplinary Research  

Christian Pohl, Bernhard Truffer, and Gertrude Hirsch-Hadorn

Print publication date:
Jan 2017
Online publication date:
Mar 2017
In a number of European countries a particular understanding of transdisciplinarity has evolved over the last decades, initiated by research on environmental problems. The focus of this ... More

Administering Interdisciplinary Programs  

Karri Holley

Print publication date:
Jan 2017
Online publication date:
Mar 2017
The lengthy history of interdisciplinary activity in higher education offers important lessons about developing, administering, and assessing interdisciplinary programs. A deepening body ... More

Analytic–Synthetic and A Priori–A Posteriori History  

Brian Weatherson

Print publication date:
May 2016
Online publication date:
Aug 2016
This article focuses on the distinction between analytic truths and synthetic truths (i.e. every truth that isn’t analytic), and between a priori truths and a posteriori truths (i.e. every ... More

Aristotle on Heuristic Inquiry and Demonstration of What it is  

Kei Chiba

Print publication date:
Aug 2012
Online publication date:
Nov 2012
In the Posterior Analytics, Aristotle develops a theory of demonstration as a way of gaining causal knowledge of things or events (pragmata) under the general plan of constructing both an ... More

Art and Education  

Catherine Z. Elgin

Print publication date:
Oct 2009
Online publication date:
Jan 2010
This article discusses the character of art and the centrality of art education to the curriculum. It argues against the claim that art is impervious to education. It explains that though ... More

Art and Knowledge  

Berys Gaut

Print publication date:
Jan 2005
Online publication date:
Sep 2009
The question of whether art gives us knowledge is as old as the philosophy of art itself: Plato in The Republic argued that, although poetry purports to give knowledge, it in fact does no ... More

Ascriber Contextualism  

Stewart Cohen

Print publication date:
Sep 2008
Online publication date:
Sep 2009
This article describes the concept of ascriber contextualism in relation to skepticism. It explains that ascriber contextualism in epistemology is the view that the truth conditions for ... More

At the edges of my body  

Edward S. Casey

Print publication date:
Dec 2012
Online publication date:
Jan 2013
This chapter concentrates on the edges of the lived body, which act to mediate between the outermost and innermost edges. The prospects for construing bodily edges are explored. Bodily ... More

Attention  

Christopher Mole

Print publication date:
Jan 2012
Online publication date:
May 2012
The article focuses on Broadbent's approach to the explanation of attention. Broadbent shows that one's information-processing resources have sufficient capacity to encode the simple ... More

Audition  

Matthew Nudds

Print publication date:
Jul 2015
Online publication date:
Dec 2013
This chapter presents an account of auditory perception. Its focus is the question of how we perceive the sources of sounds (the sound-producing events) that we take ourselves to hear. The ... More

Austin's Way with Skepticism  

Mark Kaplan

Print publication date:
Sep 2008
Online publication date:
Sep 2009
This article examines philosopher J. L. Austin's argument against skepticism. It explains Austin's response to questions concerning the evaluation of Cartesian arguments in favour of ... More

Bayesian Perceptual Psychology  

Michael Rescorla

Print publication date:
Jul 2015
Online publication date:
Sep 2013
Contemporary perceptual psychology uses Bayesian decision theory to develop Helmholtz’s view that perception involves ‘unconscious inference’. The science provides mathematically rigorous, ... More

Bayesianism  

James M. Joyce

Print publication date:
Feb 2004
Online publication date:
Sep 2009
This article is concerned with Bayesian epistemology. Bayesianism claims to provide a unified theory of epistemic and practical rationality based on the principle of mathematical ... More

Beholding Nietzsche: , Fate, and Freedom  

Christa Davis Acampora

Print publication date:
Sep 2013
Online publication date:
Dec 2013
Ecce Homo offers Nietzsche’s own interpretation of himself, his thoughts, and his works. This article analyzes how the text bears on his ideas about agency, fate, and freedom. ... More

Being, Becoming, and Time in Nietzsche  

Robin Small

Print publication date:
Sep 2013
Online publication date:
Dec 2013
This article examines Nietzsche’s thoughts about becoming and being, and how these are at odds with both knowledge and life. It discusses how Nietzsche addresses this problem, beginning ... More

Belief Self-Knowledge  

Dorit Bar-On and Kate Nolfi

Online publication date:
Jun 2016
A fundamental puzzle about self-knowledge is this: spontaneous, unreflective self-attributions of beliefs and other mental states (avowals) appear to be at once epistemically groundless ... More

Berkeley's Treatment of Skepticism  

George Pappas

Print publication date:
Sep 2008
Online publication date:
Sep 2009
This article examines Bishop Berkeley's view and treatment of skepticism based on the content of his books Principles of Human Knowledge and Three Dialogues between Hylas and Philonous. It ... More

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