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Accommodation  

David Beaver and Henk Zeevat

Print publication date:
Feb 2007
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
This article explores the complex and intricate problem of accommodation, which sits right at the linguistic interface between semantics and pragmatics. Accommodation is an inferential ... More

Adverbials  

Monika Rathert

Print publication date:
May 2012
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
This article describes the different types of temporal adverbial, interactions of adverbials and tense, and tense and adverbials in subordinate clauses. From a morphosyntactic view, there ... More

Aircraft Names  

Guy Puzey

Print publication date:
Jan 2016
Online publication date:
Mar 2016
This chapter covers examples of naming practices for aircraft types as well as for individual airframes, focusing on heavier-than-air aircraft, in other words machines intended to move ... More

Alternative Semantics  

Mats Rooth

Print publication date:
Jul 2016
Online publication date:
Feb 2016
This chapter presents the semantics and pragmatics of prosodic focus in alternative semantics. Half a dozen examples are given of empirical phenomena that are to be covered by the theory. ... More

Analyses of the Modal Meanings  

Jan Nuyts

Print publication date:
Jul 2016
Online publication date:
Nov 2014
This article deals with the semantic analysis of the notion of modality, surveying the most important traditional views in linguistics. After pointing out the problems encountered in the ... More

Analyses of the Semantics of Mood  

Irina Nikolaeva

Print publication date:
Jul 2016
Online publication date:
Dec 2014
This article examines the semantics of “mood”, both in the sense of the opposition among clause types, that is, “sentential/sentence moods,” or “sentential forces”, and in the sense of the ... More

Animal Names  

Katharina Leibring

Print publication date:
Jan 2016
Online publication date:
Mar 2016
This chapter discusses the names of domestic animals from both a diachronic and a synchronic point of view. The focus is on the names of production animals and of companion animals in ... More

An anthropological approach to taboo words and language  

Stanley H. Brandes

Print publication date:
Nov 2018
Online publication date:
Dec 2018
The anthropological approach to taboo words and language begins with an understanding and acceptance of cultural relativity. Anthropologists are keenly aware that everyday speech that ... More

Astronomical Names  

Marc Alexander

Print publication date:
Jan 2016
Online publication date:
Mar 2016
The study of astronomical naming practices sits at the intersection of astronomy and onomastics, and reveals much about scientific and general culture in both the historical background of, ... More

Botanical Collecting  

Barry J. Conn

Print publication date:
Nov 2011
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
This article illustrates the requirement of plants and their association with people. Since plants are a very important part of the material and cultural heritage of all communities, those ... More

Bynames and Nicknames  

Eva Brylla

Print publication date:
Jan 2016
Online publication date:
Mar 2016
This chapter presents bynaming systems in the North and West Germanic areas. The terms byname and nickname are classified, with the former being used here as an inclusive term, and the ... More

Can Prototype Representations Support Composition And Decomposition?  

Lila R. Gleitman, Andrew C. Connolly, and Sharon Lee Armstrong

Print publication date:
Feb 2012
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
This article reviews two kinds of experimental evidence from laboratories that challenge the adequacy of prototypes for representing human concepts. First, experiments suggesting that ... More

The case for compositionality  

Zoltán Gendler Szabó

Print publication date:
Feb 2012
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
This article presents three more-or-less-traditional considerations for compositionality. The first is that the usual statement of the compositionality principle is massively ambiguous. ... More

Case in Formal Semantics  

Helen de Hoop and Joost Zwarts

Print publication date:
Nov 2008
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
Case has not received a lot of attention from formal semanticists, probably because the approach has mostly focused on languages with relatively sparse case systems. This article examines ... More

Case, Grammatical Relations, and Semantic Roles  

Beatrice Primus

Print publication date:
Nov 2008
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
This article presents an overview of the basic issues concerning the relationship between case, grammatical relations, and semantic roles such as agent and patient. In most approaches, ... More

Categorial Grammar  

Glyn Morrill

Print publication date:
Feb 2015
Online publication date:
Jul 2015
Categorial grammar predates Syntactic Structures by two decades. Characterized by classification of expressions by recursively defined types, it is highly lexicalist or, as in the ... More

Choosing a Name: How Name-Givers’ Feelings Influence Their Selections  

Cynthia Whissell

Print publication date:
Jun 2015
Online publication date:
Apr 2014
This chapter discusses the ways in which the affect or emotion experienced by name-givers in response to stereotypes, to aesthetics, and to past, present, and potential future events in ... More

Co-composition Ality in Grammar  

James Pustejovsky

Print publication date:
Feb 2012
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
This article provides an introduction to co-compositionality in grammar. Co-compositionality is a semantic property of a linguistic expression in which all constituents contribute ... More

Cognitive Grammar  

Ronald W. Langacker

Print publication date:
Jun 2010
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
Research leading to the formulation of cognitive grammar began in the spring of 1976. On the American theoretical scene, it was the era of the “linguistics wars” between generative ... More

Cognitive Grammar  

Ronald W. Langacker

Print publication date:
Feb 2015
Online publication date:
Jul 2015
Cognitive Grammar (CG) is a particular version of cognitive linguistic theory within the broader movement of functional linguistics. It is a usage-based approach grounded in both cognition ... More

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