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Accessing Words from the Mental Lexicon  

Niels O. Schiller and Rinus G. Verdonschot

Print publication date:
Jun 2015
Online publication date:
Aug 2014
This chapter describes how speakers access words from the mental lexicon. Lexical access is a crucial component in the process of transforming thoughts into speech. Some theories consider ... More

Affix Ordering in Derivation  

Pauliina Saarinen and Jennifer Hay

Print publication date:
Sep 2014
Online publication date:
Mar 2015
This chapter concerns factors influencing the order in which derivational affixes may attach to a word and reviews proposals that have been made to account for affix ordering in the ... More

Bilingual Dictionaries: History and Development; Current Issues  

Thierry Fontenelle

Print publication date:
Nov 2015
Online publication date:
Mar 2016
The main characteristics of bilingual dictionaries are identified and described. The history and development of this genre of dictionary is sketched and analysed. Current issues ... More

The Bilingual Lexicon  

John N. Williams

Print publication date:
Jun 2015
Online publication date:
Jan 2014
Psycholinguistic research provides a wealth of evidence that when performing tasks in one language bilinguals and proficient second language learners cannot avoid activating orthographic, ... More

The Classical Arabic Lexicographical Tradition  

Solomon Sara

Print publication date:
Sep 2013
Online publication date:
Dec 2013
This article discusses three basic paradigmatic models that Arabic lexicographers adopted over time: (I) al-Khaliil’s model in Kitaab al-ʕayn; (II) al-Jawharii’s model in alhaah; and (III) ... More

Comparing Lexicons Cross-linguistically  

Asifa Majid

Print publication date:
Jun 2015
Online publication date:
Apr 2014
The lexicon is central to the concerns of disparate disciplines and has correspondingly elicited conflicting proposals about some of its foundational properties. Some suppose that word ... More

Compiling Dictionaries of Endangered Languages  

Kenneth L. Rehg

Print publication date:
Sep 2018
Online publication date:
Aug 2018
Dictionaries play an essential role in documenting and conserving endangered languages. However, many such languages lack dictionaries, for a variety of reasons. A fundamental one is that ... More

Compound Word Formation  

William Snyder

Print publication date:
Jul 2016
Online publication date:
Nov 2016
Compound word formation is examined from the twin perspectives of comparative grammar and child language acquisition. Points of cross-linguistic variation addressed include the ... More

Constructing a Corpus  

Marc Kupietz

Print publication date:
Nov 2015
Online publication date:
Mar 2016
This chapter aims to answer questions generally relevant for the task of constructing a corpus that can serve as a sound empirical basis for the creation of dictionaries as well as for ... More

Definition  

Patrick Hanks

Print publication date:
Nov 2015
Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Monolingual dictionaries devote more time, money, and effort to the writing definitions than to anything else, but this does not translate into commensurate user benefits. Studies of ... More

Delineating Derivation and Compounding  

Susan Olsen

Print publication date:
Sep 2014
Online publication date:
Mar 2015
Compounds are contrasted in structure and meaning with affixations. It is shown how affixes may develop historically from productive compound patterns when a productive core constituent ... More

The Demands of Users and the Publishing World: Printed or Online, Free or Paid For?  

Hilary Nesi

Print publication date:
Nov 2015
Online publication date:
Mar 2016
This chapter examines the extent of the digital migration of reference works from print to screen, and the effect this is having on dictionary publishers and dictionary users. It discusses ... More

Description and Prescription in Dictionaries  

Lynda Mugglestone

Print publication date:
Nov 2015
Online publication date:
Mar 2016
In linguistics, descriptivism and prescriptivism are commonly depicted as antonyms. Dyads of objectivity and subjectivity, evidence-based analysis vs. the pull of opinion, and impartial ... More

Diachronic and Synchronic Thesauruses  

Marc Alexander and Christian Kay

Print publication date:
Nov 2015
Online publication date:
Mar 2016
The semantically-arranged thesaurus is the oldest recorded form of lexicography, and such works combine facts about the language with facts about the world in which the language is used. ... More

Dictionaries for General Users: History and Development; Current Issues  

Henri Béjoint

Print publication date:
Nov 2015
Online publication date:
Mar 2016
The main characteristics of dictionaries for general users are identified and described. The history and development of this genre of dictionary is summarized and analysed. Current issues ... More

Dictionaries of Dead Languages  

Richard Ashdowne

Print publication date:
Nov 2015
Online publication date:
Mar 2016
To the user, typically a reader, of a ‘dead’ language, a dictionary is arguably indispensable for enabling understanding of a language for which live interactive discourse with native ... More

Etymological Dictionaries  

Éva Buchi

Print publication date:
Nov 2015
Online publication date:
Mar 2016
This chapter about etymological dictionaries covers mainly two topics. First, it provides, based mostly on examples from European languages, a broad analysis of contemporary practices in ... More

Etymology, Word History, and the Grouping and Division of Material in Historical Dictionaries  

Philip Durkin

Print publication date:
Nov 2015
Online publication date:
Mar 2016
The key defining characteristic of a historical dictionary is that it presents the histories of individual words over time, grouping together material that shows a shared or common ... More

Explaining Meaning in Bilingual Dictionaries  

Arleta Adamska-Salaciak

Print publication date:
Nov 2015
Online publication date:
Mar 2016
When people consult a bilingual dictionary, they usually do so because they want to find out what the word means. Bilingual dictionaries have arisen in response to people’s need to ... More

Explaining Meaning in Learners’ Dictionaries  

Rosamund Moon

Print publication date:
Nov 2015
Online publication date:
Mar 2016
This chapter looks at the special case of definitions in monolingual dictionaries for non-native speakers of English, and ways in which definitions are constructed or modified to meet the ... More

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