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Academy of Persian Language and Literature  

Mohammad Dabir-Moghaddam

Print publication date:
Aug 2018
Online publication date:
Sep 2018
In this chapter, the Academy of Persian Language and Literature is introduced in the context of an eighty-year-old history of the establishment of the Academy in Iran. The chapter intends ... More

The Acquisition of Murrinhpatha (Northern Australia)  

Bill Forshaw, Lucinda Davidson, Barbara Kelly, Rachel Nordlinger, Gillian Wigglesworth, and Joe Blythe

Print publication date:
Sep 2017
Online publication date:
Nov 2017
This chapter reports on initial findings of an ongoing large-scale research project into the acquisition of Murrinhpatha, a polysynthetic language of the Daly River region of the Northern ... More

Adverbs  

Yung-O Biq

Print publication date:
Apr 2015
Online publication date:
May 2015
Although Chinese adverbs share enough grammatical and semantic features to form a category, they nonetheless display some contradictory variations. Unity and heterogeneity thus both ... More

Adyghe (Northwest Caucasian)  

Yakov Testelets and Yury A. Lander

Print publication date:
Sep 2017
Online publication date:
Nov 2017
Adyghe, a polysynthetic language of the West Caucasian family, shows the typological characteristics of ergativity, left-branching word order, and the flexibility of the lexical ... More

African American English in the Mississippi Delta: A Case Study of Copula Absence and r-Lessness in the Speech of African American Women in Coahoma County  

Rose Wilkerson

Print publication date:
Jul 2015
Online publication date:
Aug 2015
The chapter presents a quantitative analysis of copula absence and /r/-lessness of African American English (AAE) by African American women in Coahoma County located in the Mississippi ... More

African American Language in New York City  

Renée A. Blake, Cara Shousterman, and Luiza Newlin-Lukowicz

Print publication date:
Jul 2015
Online publication date:
Aug 2015
The ever-increasing numbers of second generation West Indian Americans affects the ethnic landscape and raises the question of what is African American Language in New York City today? In ... More

African American Language in Pittsburgh and the Lower Susquehanna Valley  

Jennifer Bloomquist and Shelome Gooden

Print publication date:
Jul 2015
Online publication date:
Aug 2015
This chapter examines variation in the North Midlands African American Language (AAL) varieties in Pittsburgh and the Lower Susquehanna Valley (LSV). The focus is on phonological/phonetic, ... More

African American Phonology in a Philadelphia Community  

William Labov and Sabriya Fisher

Print publication date:
Jul 2015
Online publication date:
Aug 2015
An analysis of the vowel systems of 36 African American speakers in the Philadelphia Neighborhood Corpus compares their development over the 20th century with that of the larger community. ... More

African American Vernacular English in California: Over Four Decades of Vibrant Variationist Research  

John R. Rickford

Print publication date:
Jul 2015
Online publication date:
Aug 2015
Research in California has played a significant role in our understanding of variability in African American Vernacular English (AAVE) and its features since the late 1960s, beginning with ... More

African American Voices in Atlanta  

William A. Kretzschmar Jr.

Print publication date:
Jul 2015
Online publication date:
Aug 2015
Survey research in Atlanta suggests that the usual national generalizations about race and language need to be examined in the light of local evidence. Recordings of interviews with a ... More

Afro-Asiatic, Semitic: Hebrew  

Hagit Borer

Print publication date:
Jul 2011
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
This chapter discusses compounding in Hebrew. Section 27.2 reviews constructs and compounds. Section 27.3 shows that there are at least two distinct types of N + N constructs: one, ... More

Agreement and Its Placement in Turkic Nonsubject Relative Clauses  

Jaklin Kornfilt

Print publication date:
Oct 2008
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
This article examines nonsubject relative clauses (RCs) in Turkic languages. It shows that all three types of nonsubject RCs in Turkish are amenable to a Kayneian derivation, in which the ... More

Alignment and orientation in Kartvelian (South Caucasian)  

Kevin Tuite

Print publication date:
Jun 2017
Online publication date:
Aug 2017
The small Kartvelian family is one of the three endemic language families of the Caucasus. The Kartvelian languages are double marking, with nominal case and two sets of person markers in ... More

Arabic Dialectology  

Peter Behnstedt and Manfred Woidich

Print publication date:
Sep 2013
Online publication date:
Dec 2013
Geographically, Arabic is one of the most widespread languages of the world, and Arabic dialects are spoken in an unbroken expanse from western Iran to Mauritania and Morocco and from Oman ... More

Arabic Folk Linguistics: Between Mother Tongue and Native Language  

Yasir Suleiman

Print publication date:
Sep 2013
Online publication date:
Dec 2013
This article addresses some long-standing issues in Arabic sociolinguistics. The starting point is the concept of diglossia, which has become the port of entry for any discussion of the ... More

Arabic Linguistic Tradition I: Naḥw and ṣarf  

Ramzi Baalbaki

Print publication date:
Sep 2013
Online publication date:
Dec 2013
The Arabic linguistic tradition (also termed Arabic grammatical tradition) is the most extensive among the Arabic linguistic sciences. This article focuses on the two major branches of the ... More

Arabic Linguistic Tradition II: Pragmatics  

Pierre Larcher

Print publication date:
Sep 2013
Online publication date:
Dec 2013
This article deals essentially with two topics. The first is rhetoric, as one of the two sectors of the basic core of the Arabic linguistic tradition. Since the tradition was not ... More

The Arabic Literary Language: The Nahḍa (and beyond)  

Daniel Newman

Print publication date:
Sep 2013
Online publication date:
Dec 2013
This article discusses the developments in formal written Arabic in the early Modern period, which started with Napoleon’s invasion and occupation of Egypt (1798–1802), when the Arab ... More

The Arabic Writing System  

Peter Daniels

Print publication date:
Sep 2013
Online publication date:
Dec 2013
This article discusses the Arabic writing system. It begins with linguistic description of the components of Classical and Modern Standard Arabic writing, followed by accounts of their use ... More

Araucanian: Mapudungun  

Mark C. Baker and Carlos A. Fasola

Print publication date:
Jul 2011
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
Mapudungun is the primary member of the small Araucanian family – its greater genetic affiliation is uncertain – and is spoken by some 300,000 Mapuche people in central Chile and adjoining ... More

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