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Academy of Persian Language and Literature  

Mohammad Dabir-Moghaddam

Print publication date:
Aug 2018
Online publication date:
Sep 2018
In this chapter, the Academy of Persian Language and Literature is introduced in the context of an eighty-year-old history of the establishment of the Academy in Iran. The chapter intends ... More

Adverbial grammaticalization  

Paolo Ramat

Print publication date:
Oct 2011
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
This article examines the grammaticalisation of adverbs. It surveys ways in which adverbs can come into existence: via affixation, via case suffixes, and with true grammaticalised ... More

American Descriptivism (‘Structuralism’)  

James P. Blevins

Print publication date:
Mar 2013
Online publication date:
Jul 2013
Although the heyday of the American Descriptivist school was short, spanning the time between Bloomfield and Chomsky, this period was decisive for the development of modern linguistics. It ... More

Amphichronic Explanation and the Life Cycle of Phonological Processes  

Ricardo Bermúdez-Otero

Print publication date:
Nov 2015
Online publication date:
Dec 2013
In amphichronic phonology, synchronic and diachronic explanation feed each other. The architecture of grammar predicts the possible modes of implementation of phonological change ... More

Analogy and Morphophonological Change  

David Fertig

Print publication date:
Nov 2015
Online publication date:
Nov 2014
This chapter presents a critical overview of traditional and current approaches to analogical change, focusing on those aspects that are most directly relevant to historical phonology, ... More

Analyticity and syntheticity in the history of English  

Benedikt Szmrecsanyi

Print publication date:
Nov 2012
Online publication date:
Nov 2012
The article adopts terminology, concepts, and ideas developed in quantitative morphological typology (cf. Greenberg 1960) to investigate the coding of grammatical information in English ... More

Analyzing the ONZE data as evidence for sound change  

Jennifer Hay

Print publication date:
Nov 2012
Online publication date:
Nov 2012
Launched in 1989, when Elizabeth Gordon became aware of the existence of a set of recordings of early New Zealand English, the Origins of New Zealand English Project (ONZE) provides a ... More

The areal dimension of grammaticalization  

Bernd Heine and Tania Kuteva

Print publication date:
Oct 2011
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
This article describes the areal dimension of grammaticalisation resulting from language contact. It shows that grammaticalisation is a ubiquitous process in language contact which may ... More

Articulatory Processing and Frequency of Use in Sound Change  

Joan L. Bybee

Print publication date:
Nov 2015
Online publication date:
Apr 2015
This chapter discusses the role of articulatory processing in sound change, emphasizing the tendency towards reduction and overlap of articulatory gestures, as well as explanations ... More

Assessing the role of contact in the history of English  

Raymond Hickey

Print publication date:
Nov 2012
Online publication date:
Nov 2012
Language contact has long been the subject of extensive research in linguistics, but has recently been the object of increased attention by scholars working on both the history of English ... More

Attitudes, prescriptivism, and standardization  

Carol Percy

Print publication date:
Nov 2012
Online publication date:
Nov 2012
The prescriptive dictum that some linguistic variants are superior to others has strong roots in the eighteenth-century grammatical tradition. Synthesizing contemporary research on ... More

Auxiliaries and grammaticalization  

Manfred Krug

Print publication date:
Oct 2011
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
This article illustrates the relationship between auxiliaries and grammaticalisation. It examines how grammaticalisation impacts on discussions and definitions of auxiliaries and how ... More

Basic Types of Phonological Change  

András Cser

Print publication date:
Nov 2015
Online publication date:
Nov 2014
This chapter discusses the most fundamental types of phonological change. The first part is a presentation of the basic notions underlying virtually any discussion in historical phonology ... More

A Brief Sketch of the Historic Development of Pragmatics  

Jacob L. Mey

Print publication date:
Mar 2013
Online publication date:
Jul 2013
Pragmatics, the youngest linguistic discipline, has a venerable past: all the way from the Greek sophists through the medieval nominalists and nineteenth-century pragmatic thinkers to ... More

Case In Iranian: From Reduction and Loss to Innovation and Renewal  

Donald Stilo

Print publication date:
Nov 2008
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
Gathic Avestan, the earliest documented form of Old Iranian, had a rich case system typical of archaic Indo-European languages: three genders, eight cases in the singular, a six-term ... More

Case Syncretism  

Matthew Baerman

Print publication date:
Nov 2008
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
Case syncretism refers to the combination of multiple distinct case values in a single form. Distinct case values are determined on a language-specific basis, so that case syncretism by ... More

Change in the English infinitival perfect construction  

Jill Bowie and Bas Aarts

Print publication date:
Nov 2012
Online publication date:
Nov 2012
This article explores recent grammatical change in the English perfect construction, with special focus on the infinitival perfect. Previous studies have typically drawn on written data, ... More

Change in Word Prosody: Stress and Quantity  

Aditi Lahiri

Print publication date:
Nov 2015
Online publication date:
Jan 2015
Although changes in stress systems are not as meticulously described and discussed as other aspects of phonology, they are recorded in the historical literature. Stress is related to ... More

Changes in politeness cultures  

Andreas H. Jucker

Print publication date:
Nov 2012
Online publication date:
Nov 2012
The 1970s and 1980s saw the emergence of more systematic research on politeness, led by the pioneering studies of Geoffrey N. Leech (1983) and Penelope Brown and Stephen C. Levinson ... More

Changing attitudes and political correctness  

Geoffrey Hughes

Print publication date:
Nov 2012
Online publication date:
Nov 2012
Political correctness creates new social agendas and areas of conformity by introducing new terms, redefining established words, and suppressing taboo terms and behaviors, all within a ... More

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