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Peter Svenonius

Print publication date:
Feb 2007
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
This article is about basic word order, morphology, and their relationship to movement. It explores some cross-linguistically pervasive word-order tendencies in which the hierarchical ... More

A-Bar Dependencies  

Norvin Richards

Print publication date:
Mar 2011
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
The earliest work in minimalism was primarily concerned with A-movement and its effects. Still, the mechanisms proposed in this work and in its sequels have had profound implications for ... More

Abstract Phrasal and Clausal Constructions  

Thomas Hoffmann

Print publication date:
Apr 2013
Online publication date:
Dec 2013
This chapter examines abstract phrasal and clausal constructions, the most complex and schematic end of the constructicon cline. It outlines how constructionist approaches can describe and model even ... More

Accusative and Ergative in Hindi  

Anoop Mahajan

Print publication date:
Jun 2017
Online publication date:
Aug 2017
This chapter examines the nature of case licensing of the direct object in ergative constructions in Hindi, a split ergative language. Split ergativity in Hindi is conditioned by aspect – ... More

Acquiring Possessives  

Theo Marinis

Print publication date:
Jul 2016
Online publication date:
Nov 2016
The concepts of possession and ownership are among the first to be expressed by children when they start acquiring language. This chapter starts with an overview of the properties of ... More

The Acquisition of Case  

Sonja Eisenbeiss, Bhuvana Narasimhan, and Maria Voeikova

Print publication date:
Nov 2008
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
Case is one of the most heterogeneous nominal morphological categories: the number of case forms in morphological paradigms, the syntactic and semantic functions of case, and the set of ... More

The Acquisition of Complements  

Jill de Villiers and Tom Roeper

Print publication date:
Jul 2016
Online publication date:
Nov 2016
The development of complementation engages high-level parametric variation, a variety of separate modules, and very specific lexical variation across the possible grammars in UG. In ... More

The Acquisition of Ergativity: An Overview  

Edith Bavin

Print publication date:
Jun 2017
Online publication date:
Aug 2017
The chapter illustrates variation associated with ergative alignment and properties of ergative languages that might impact on acquisition of the system. Language input, the social context ... More

The Acquisition of Evidentiality  

Stanka A. Fitneva

Print publication date:
Jan 2018
Online publication date:
Mar 2018
How do children learn the evidential system of their language? The primary goal of this chapter is to summarize existing research on this topic. Its secondary goal is to position this ... More

The Acquisition of Japanese Syntax  

Keiko Murasugi and Koji Sugisaki

Print publication date:
Nov 2008
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
This article investigates a number of issues concerning parameter setting and developmental factors in language acquisition. It is mainly limited to studies on the acquisition of syntax ... More

The Acquisition of Murrinhpatha (Northern Australia)  

Bill Forshaw, Lucinda Davidson, Barbara Kelly, Rachel Nordlinger, Gillian Wigglesworth, and Joe Blythe

Print publication date:
Sep 2017
Online publication date:
Nov 2017
This chapter reports on initial findings of an ongoing large-scale research project into the acquisition of Murrinhpatha, a polysynthetic language of the Daly River region of the Northern ... More

The Acquisition of Polysynthetic Verb Forms in Chintang  

Sabine Stoll, Balthasar Bickel, and Jekaterina Mažara

Print publication date:
Sep 2017
Online publication date:
Nov 2017
In first language acquisition research so far little is known about the affordances involved in children's acquisition of morphologies of different complexities. This chapter discusses the ... More

The Adaptive Approach to Grammar  

Tom Givón

Print publication date:
Feb 2015
Online publication date:
Jul 2015
The chapter interprets grammar (morpho-syntax) as an adaptive product of human evolution. It situates grammar within the rise of the two mega-functions of human language: cognitive ... More

Adjectival and Adverbial Derivation  

Antonio Fábregas

Print publication date:
Sep 2014
Online publication date:
Mar 2015
This chapter reviews the currently most active debates in the field of the morphological derivation of adjectives and adverbs. It adresses in particular the problem of what is a ... More

Adverbial grammaticalization  

Paolo Ramat

Print publication date:
Oct 2011
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
This article examines the grammaticalisation of adverbs. It surveys ways in which adverbs can come into existence: via affixation, via case suffixes, and with true grammaticalised ... More

Adverbials  

Monika Rathert

Print publication date:
May 2012
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
This article describes the different types of temporal adverbial, interactions of adverbials and tense, and tense and adverbials in subordinate clauses. From a morphosyntactic view, there ... More

Adyghe (Northwest Caucasian)  

Yakov Testelets and Yury A. Lander

Print publication date:
Sep 2017
Online publication date:
Nov 2017
Adyghe, a polysynthetic language of the West Caucasian family, shows the typological characteristics of ergativity, left-branching word order, and the flexibility of the lexical ... More

Afro-Asiatic, Semitic: Hebrew  

Hagit Borer

Print publication date:
Jul 2011
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
This chapter discusses compounding in Hebrew. Section 27.2 reviews constructs and compounds. Section 27.3 shows that there are at least two distinct types of N + N constructs: one, ... More

Afroasiatic  

Erin Shay

Print publication date:
Sep 2014
Online publication date:
Mar 2015
This chapter is an overview of derivational means described so far for members of the Afroasiatic language phylum—about 375 living languages spoken by about 300 million speakers. The ... More

Agreement and Its Placement in Turkic Nonsubject Relative Clauses  

Jaklin Kornfilt

Print publication date:
Oct 2008
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
This article examines nonsubject relative clauses (RCs) in Turkic languages. It shows that all three types of nonsubject RCs in Turkish are amenable to a Kayneian derivation, in which the ... More

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