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Adaptive and Ecological Approaches to the Study of Hunter-Gatherers  

Raven Garvey and Robert L. Bettinger

Print publication date:
Apr 2014
Online publication date:
Sep 2013
Anthropology’s approach to hunter-gatherer ecology and adaptations has changed remarkably from the Enlightenment to the present. Paradigm shifts, turning on the issues of adaptive scale ... More

Agricultural Land Use and Intensification  

Vernon L. Scarborough

Print publication date:
Sep 2012
Online publication date:
Nov 2012
Agricultural intensification is the process whereby land-use activity is heightened through an increase in production on a plot. Production can be stimulated by an increase in the amount ... More

Agricultural Landscapes  

Kurt Anschuetz, Eileen L. Camilli, and Christopher D. Banet

Print publication date:
Oct 2017
Online publication date:
Sep 2017
The discussion in this chapter is based on the premise that agricultural landscapes are the foundations of the economies, social organizations, and cultural identities of farming ... More

Ancient Harbors in the Mediterranean  

John Peter Oleson and Robert L. Hohlfelder

Print publication date:
Dec 2013
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
This article describes the evolution of harbors in the ancient world that can be linked to changing social needs and technological developments. Hundreds of harbor sites of varying sizes ... More

Applied Archaeology in the Americas: Evaluating Archaeological Solutions to the Impacts of Global Environmental Change  

Jago Cooper and Lindsay Duncan

This chapter considers the role of archaeology in creating solutions for coping with the impacts of global environmental change, illustrated by cases from Latin America. Past examples of ... More

Applied Perspectives on Pre-Columbian Maya Water Management Systems: What are the Insights for Water Security?  

Christian Isendahl, Vernon L. Scarborough, Joel D. Gunn, Nicholas P. Dunning, Scott L. Fedick, Gyles Iannone, and Lisa J. Lucero

Online publication date:
Feb 2016
Water security is a fundamental global challenge for humanity. Suggesting that scholars, water management engineers, and policy-makers draw from a wide range of examples, this chapter ... More

Archaeological Strategies for Terrestrial Wetland Landscapes  

Richard Brunning

Print publication date:
Dec 2012
Online publication date:
Sep 2013
This chapter begins with a brief discussion of proactive and reactive archaeology. It then explains the need for a strategic approach for wetland archaeology; presents archaeological ... More

Archaeology in the Delta  

Penelope Wilson

Print publication date:
Jun 2012
Online publication date:
Nov 2012
This article reviews archaeological studies in the Nile Delta. It discusses problems of archaeological work in the Delta; previous work in the Delta; current research and survey; survey ... More

Architecture and cultural history  

Carl R. Lounsbury

Print publication date:
Sep 2010
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
The major focus of this article happens to be architecture and cultural history. Buildings tell many stories. They are complex material objects wherein we live, work, worship, socialize, ... More

Between Water and Sand: Agriculture and Husbandry  

Katherine Blouin

Print publication date:
Jun 2012
Online publication date:
Nov 2012
Over the past twenty years, the topic of agriculture and husbandry has been of rising interest among historians and archaeologists of the ancient Mediterranean, and notably of Roman Egypt. ... More

The Chacoan World: Light and Shadow, Stone and Sky  

Ruth M. Van Dyke

In the southwest United States, high altitudes, open vistas, and cloudless skies create a visual atmosphere where the light is legendary. I focus on the role of light for the people of ... More

Coastal Adaptations  

C. R. Wickham-Jones

Print publication date:
Apr 2014
Online publication date:
Oct 2013
The coastal environment offers many advantages for hunter-gatherer groups worldwide. True maritime adaption involves a fundamental reliance on coastal resources, though not to the complete exclusion ... More

Coastal Archaeology  

Ben Ford

Print publication date:
Dec 2013
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
The coast is the area where marine processes such as erosion, deposition, and storm surge influence terrestrial processes and vice versa. This article introduces the concept of coastal ... More

Constructing the Invisible: Light and Darkness in the Topography of Hades  

Athanasia Zografou

Online publication date:
Oct 2017
In ancient Greek thought, Hades constitutes, inter alia, the incarnation of the invisible— an apparent contradiction of efforts to represent the dark kingdom of the lord of dead. After a ... More

Cultural Landscapes  

Lesley Head

Print publication date:
Sep 2010
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
This article explores the idea of cultural landscapes. The term ‘cultural landscape’ is widely recognized as a description of a region of the earth that has been transformed by human ... More

Diversification and Cultural Construction of a Crop: The Case of Glutinous Rice and Waxy Cereals in the Food Cultures of Eastern Asia  

Dorian Q. Fuller and Cristina Castillo

Online publication date:
Jan 2016
Rice (Oryza) is one of the world’s most important and productive staple foods, with highly diverse uses and varieties. We use archaeobotany, culture, history, and ethnobotany to trace the ... More

Ecological Approaches to Archaeological Research in Central Mexico  

Emily McClung de Tapia

Print publication date:
Sep 2012
Online publication date:
Nov 2012
Ecological thinking applied to archaeological problems has evolved considerably over the past two decades. This article examines some of the perspectives that have developed in ... More

Ecological landscapes  

Sarah Whatmore and Steve Hinchliffe

Print publication date:
Sep 2010
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
This article sets out to unsettle some of the most taken for granted co-ordinates of landscapes in general and cities in particular that, if nothing else, we are safe in assuming them to ... More

European Palaeolithic Rock Art and Spatial Structures  

Jean Clottes

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
This chapter examines the question of spatiality/spatial structure in rock art by focusing on European Upper Palaeolithic art, commonly known as cave art. More specifically, it considers ... More

Excavating Wet Sites  

Glen Doran

Print publication date:
Dec 2012
Online publication date:
Sep 2013
This chapter addresses the issues faced by wet site excavators, which include issues associated with dewatering; sampling and data management; and the excavation, maintenance, and ... More

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