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Above and Below the Surface: Environment, Work, Death, and Upbringing in Sixteenth- to Seventeenth-century Sweden  

Anne Ingvarsson Sundström, Jan Mispelaere, and Ylva Bäckström

Print publication date:
May 2018
Online publication date:
Jun 2018
This chapter addresses children’s lives and living conditions during the early modern period in Sweden. A case study on the population at one of Sweden’s most important historical mines, ... More

Ancestor Cults  

Timothy Insoll

Print publication date:
Oct 2011
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
This article focuses on ancestor cults and archaeology. The term ‘ancestor worship’, and to a lesser extent ‘ancestor cults’ carry a lot of baggage linked with evolutionary approaches to ... More

Ancient Greece  

Julia Kindt

Print publication date:
Oct 2011
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
This article focuses on the study of ancient Greek religion. It begins with a brief discussion of the need to integrate the archaeological evidence better into historically oriented ... More

Animism and Totemism  

Timothy Insoll

Print publication date:
Oct 2011
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
The utility of the terms animism and totemism is questionable, and various anthropological observers have commented upon their problematical status and that of related terms such as ... More

Antarctic Archaeology: Discussing the History of the Southernmost End of the World  

A. Zarankin and Melisa A. Salerno

Online publication date:
Jun 2017
Antarctica was the last continent to be known. Human encounters with the region acquired different characteristics over time. Within the framework of dominant narratives, the early ... More

The Anthropology of Archaeology: The Benefits of Public Intervention at African-American Archaeological Sites  

Cheryl Janifer LaRoche

Print publication date:
Jan 2012
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
Archaeology occupies an important place in historicizing the African American experience – principally where little historical evidence survives. The nature of African American archaeology ... More

Applied Archaeology in the Americas: Evaluating Archaeological Solutions to the Impacts of Global Environmental Change  

Jago Cooper and Lindsay Duncan

This chapter considers the role of archaeology in creating solutions for coping with the impacts of global environmental change, illustrated by cases from Latin America. Past examples of ... More

Applied Perspectives on Pre-Columbian Maya Water Management Systems: What are the Insights for Water Security?  

Christian Isendahl, Vernon L. Scarborough, Joel D. Gunn, Nicholas P. Dunning, Scott L. Fedick, Gyles Iannone, and Lisa J. Lucero

Online publication date:
Feb 2016
Water security is a fundamental global challenge for humanity. Suggesting that scholars, water management engineers, and policy-makers draw from a wide range of examples, this chapter ... More

Archaeological Research in St Petersburg, Russia  

Petr Sorokin

Online publication date:
Sep 2018
St Petersburg, founded in 1703 and now the second largest city in Russia, has always been considered as a ‘new city’. However, it was not founded on a barren site. The land in the mouth of ... More

Archaeologies of Colonial Reduction and Cultural Production in Native Northern California  

Stephen W. Silliman

Print publication date:
Feb 2012
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
This article aims to outline themes of research in Native northern California, specifically under Spanish/Mexican and Russian control, in order to highlight key issues in North American ... More

Archaeologies of the Senses  

Yannis Hamilakis

Print publication date:
Oct 2011
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
This article demonstrates that the archaeologies of the senses do not simply offer some colourful detail of past life; they do not fill the gaps in a picture already drawn by other ... More

The Archaeologist’s Evangeline: Historical Archaeology in Acadia  

Jonathan Fowler

The French colony of Acadia, located in what is now the Maritime Provinces of Canada and part of the State of Maine, has long attracted the attention of writers and scholars. Immigrating ... More

The Archaeology and Material Culture of Modern Military Death  

Layla Renshaw

Print publication date:
May 2013
Online publication date:
Aug 2013
This chapter concerns modern military death, with examples of conflict primarily drawn from Western societies in the 20th century. Military death leaves a number of physical traces that are amenable ... More

The Archaeology of Baltic Religions  

Tõnno Jonuks

Print publication date:
Oct 2011
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
Baltic countries have traditionally been treated separately in religious studies and the current approach — to look at Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania as one unit — is exceptional. It is ... More

The Archaeology of Death and Burial in the Islamic World  

Andrew Petersen

Print publication date:
May 2013
Online publication date:
Aug 2013
This chapter discusses both the theory and practice of Muslim burials, paying particular attention to the diversity of regional and ethnic traditions. One theme which runs through the chapter is the ... More

Archaeology of Hinduism  

Namita Sugandhi and Kathleen Morrison

Print publication date:
Oct 2011
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
This article discusses the archaeology of Hinduism. While archaeological analysis of religious belief and practice is never straightforward, the record of that broad and diverse category ... More

The Archaeology of Judaism From the Persian Period to the Sixth Century ad  

James F. Strange

Print publication date:
Oct 2011
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
This article discusses archeology of Judaism covering the Persian period, the Hellenistic period, and the Roman period. In 539 bc, Cyrus the Great conquered Babylon and ruled an empire ... More

The Archaeology of Ritual and Religion in Ancient Israel and the Levant, and the Origins of Judaism  

Aaron A. Burke

Print publication date:
Oct 2011
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
This article addresses the development of Amorite and Canaanite religion through the end of Israelite religion, namely, the destruction of the First Temple in 586 bc. If any trends present ... More

Australian Wetland Occupation Before and After the Europeans  

Sally Brockwell

Print publication date:
Dec 2012
Online publication date:
Sep 2013
This chapter discusses wetland occupations during the Pleistocene, early Holocene, mid- to late Holocene, and Contact Period. Several sites, associated with ancient lake systems and minor ... More

Aztecs  

Michael E. Smith

Print publication date:
Oct 2011
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
This article reviews the material culture of Aztec ritual and religion under four headings: temples and offerings, key deities, cult objects, and ceremonies. Because there is a massive ... More

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