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Aegypto Capta: Augustus and the Annexation of Egypt  

Friederike Herklotz

Print publication date:
Jun 2012
Online publication date:
Nov 2012
This article discusses the Ptolemaic legacy and Egyptian independence; the annexation of Egypt; and the first Roman prefects in Egypt. In contrast to earlier changes of ruler, the ... More

Age and Health  

Walter Scheidel

Print publication date:
Jun 2012
Online publication date:
Nov 2012
Roman Egypt is the only part of the ancient world where documentary evidence for the age composition of the general population has survived. Pertinent information is provided by extant ... More

Alexandria  

Marjorie S. Venit

Print publication date:
Jun 2012
Online publication date:
Nov 2012
Distinguished in the first century bce as 'the first city of the civilized world', Alexandria still wore the accolade 'crown of all cities' as late as the fourth century bce. After Egypt's ... More

Ancient Egyptian Fauna  

Salima Ikram

Online publication date:
Jun 2015
The vast range of animals found in ancient Egypt not only contributed to creating its language and religion, but they were also a mainstay of its economy, and played key roles in daily ... More

Ancient Egyptian Pottery  

Bettina Bader

Online publication date:
Sep 2017
This chapter sketches the nature of evidence to be gained from careful analysis of the ceramic remains in ancient Egypt, and the ways to achieve it, explaining some of the advances made in ... More

Animals in ancient Egyptian religion: belief, identity, power, and economy  

Salima Ikram

Print publication date:
Mar 2017
Online publication date:
Apr 2017
In addition to providing food, companionship, and raw materials for clothing, furniture, tools, and ornaments, animals also played a key role in religious practices in ancient Egypt. Apart ... More

Archaeology in the Delta  

Penelope Wilson

Print publication date:
Jun 2012
Online publication date:
Nov 2012
This article reviews archaeological studies in the Nile Delta. It discusses problems of archaeological work in the Delta; previous work in the Delta; current research and survey; survey ... More

The Archaeology of Amarna  

Anna Stevens

This essay assesses the body of archaeological research connected to the New Kingdom settlement site of Amarna (ancient Akhetaten), the short-lived capital of Egypt founded by king ... More

The Archaeology of the Fayum  

Paola Davoli

Print publication date:
Jun 2012
Online publication date:
Nov 2012
This article discusses the archaeology of the Fayum region, covering land reclamation projects; discoveries and archaeological excavations; layout of Graeco-Roman settlements; and houses ... More

The Art and Archaeology of the Giza Plateau  

Laurel Flentye

Online publication date:
Mar 2018
The pyramid complexes of kings Khufu, Khafra, and Menkaura of the Fourth Dynasty of the Old Kingdom period with their surrounding cemeteries at the Giza Necropolis contribute to our ... More

The Beautiful Face of Ra: The Role of Sunlight in the Architecture of Ancient Egypt  

Giulio Magli

In the famous projects of ancient Egyptian architecture, sunlight had always a special role. An expert use of light and shadows helped in creating halls filled with sacredness in many ... More

Between Egypt and Meroitic Nubia: The Southern Frontier Region  

László Török

Print publication date:
Jun 2012
Online publication date:
Nov 2012
The First Nile Cataract, an outcrop of the granite bedrock, interrupts the course of the Nile and creates many small islands between Philae and Syene, ancient Swnw ('Trade'), modern Aswan. ... More

Between Water and Sand: Agriculture and Husbandry  

Katherine Blouin

Print publication date:
Jun 2012
Online publication date:
Nov 2012
Over the past twenty years, the topic of agriculture and husbandry has been of rising interest among historians and archaeologists of the ancient Mediterranean, and notably of Roman Egypt. ... More

Canopics  

Aidan Dodson

Print publication date:
Jan 2016
Online publication date:
Jan 2014
The earliest known New Kingdom royal canopic is the chest of Hatshepsut, followed by that of Thutmose I, made for him by Thutmose III. These chests were made of quartzite, matching their ... More

Choosing the Location for a Royal Tomb, the Workmen’s Techniques and Tools, Units of Measurement, KV Huts, and Workplaces  

Andreas Dorn

Print publication date:
Jan 2016
Online publication date:
May 2015
The construction of a royal tomb was a complex enterprise. Once the vizier and other high-ranking officials had chosen a suitable location, the workmen used mallets and chisels to hew the ... More

Christianity  

Malcolm Choat

Print publication date:
Jun 2012
Online publication date:
Nov 2012
This article discusses Christianity in Egypt from its origins down to the martyrdoms under Diocletian in the early fourth century. It looks at three key areas: the establishment of the ... More

City of the Dead: Tuna el-Gebel  

Katja Lembke

Print publication date:
Jun 2012
Online publication date:
Nov 2012
This article begins with an overview of the history of excavations and exploration at Tuna el-Gebel. It then discusses the site of Tuna el-Gebel; the necropolis of Tuna el-Gebel before ... More

Classical Architecture  

Donald M. Bailey

Print publication date:
Jun 2012
Online publication date:
Nov 2012
This article looks at the evidence for classical architecture in stone in the urban centres of Middle Egypt, including one new Greek city and three metropoleis. These are Antinoopolis, the ... More

Collisions, Abandonments, Alterations, Tomb Commencements/Pits, and Other Features in the Valley of the Kings  

Lyla Pinch-Brock

Print publication date:
Jan 2016
Online publication date:
Aug 2015
This chapter deals with most of the non-tomb features such as graffiti, tomb-pits, shrines and tomb commencements, that still or once existed in the Valley of the Kings. It is an update on ... More

The Component Parts of KV Royal Tombs  

Kent R. Weeks

Print publication date:
Jan 2016
Online publication date:
Jan 2014
KV royal tombs consisted of multiple chambers whose dimensions and plans varied according to their function and date of cutting. These chambers and their architectural components had ... More

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