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Adapting to a Frozen Coastal Environment  

Robert W. Park

Print publication date:
Feb 2012
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
In the Arctic, people experience some of the most profound seasonal changes anywhere on earth: the temperature and amount of daylight differ tremendously between summer and winter, the ... More

Agricultural Landscapes  

Kurt Anschuetz, Eileen L. Camilli, and Christopher D. Banet

Print publication date:
Oct 2017
Online publication date:
Sep 2017
The discussion in this chapter is based on the premise that agricultural landscapes are the foundations of the economies, social organizations, and cultural identities of farming ... More

The Aleutian Tradition: The Last 4,000 Years  

Debra Corbett and Michael Yarborough

Print publication date:
Oct 2016
Online publication date:
Aug 2016
Archaeological research in the last 35 years has greatly increased our understanding of the complexity and dynamism of prehistoric Aleutian cultures. The traditional view of a uniform and ... More

Ancient DNA and Stable Isotopes: Windows on Arctic Prehistory  

Justin Tackney, Joan Coltrain, Jennifer Raff, and Dennis O'Rourke

Print publication date:
Oct 2016
Online publication date:
Aug 2016
Genetic diversity in modern Arctic communities provides a baseline from which to assess population history. This is augmented by documenting patterns of genetic variation in prehistoric ... More

Animal use at early colonies on the southeastern coast of the United States  

Elizabeth J. Reitz

Print publication date:
Mar 2017
Online publication date:
Apr 2017
Data from three early European-sponsored colonies in North America indicate that changes in animal use occurred quickly. Over half of the meat from vertebrate sources in a Spanish ... More

Animals  

Karen Gust Schollmeyer and Katherine A. Spielmann

Print publication date:
Oct 2017
Online publication date:
Sep 2017
Studies of animals in Southwest archaeology have been particularly successful in addressing the social-environmental context of human use of fauna. Two aspects of this topic form the focus ... More

Animate Shadows of Bears and Giants  

Kevin Conti and William Walker

This chapter explores the performance of light and shadows in two ancestral Pueblo rock art sites in southeast Utah. These sites possess anthropomorphic rock faces and modified features to ... More

Anthropogenic Landscapes  

Christopher I. Roos

Print publication date:
Oct 2017
Online publication date:
Sep 2017
It has been suggested that anthropogenic burning may have altered Southwest landscapes at a large scale. Southwestern biomes vary in their propensity for and their susceptibility to ... More

Applied Archaeology in the Americas: Evaluating Archaeological Solutions to the Impacts of Global Environmental Change  

Jago Cooper and Lindsay Duncan

This chapter considers the role of archaeology in creating solutions for coping with the impacts of global environmental change, illustrated by cases from Latin America. Past examples of ... More

The Arawak Diaspora: Perspectives from South America  

Michael Heckenberger

Print publication date:
Mar 2013
Online publication date:
Jun 2013
This article discusses the full range of Arawak and closely related groups. It addresses four primary aspects of the diaspora: histories of studies on the Arawak; language groupings and ... More

Archaeological Evidence for Transport, Trade, and Exchange in the North American Arctic  

Jeffrey T. Rasic

Print publication date:
Oct 2016
Online publication date:
Aug 2016
A wide variety of materials, including lithics, manufactured goods, and food circulated within and between communities in the North American Arctic, including fish and sea-mammal oil, ... More

An Archaeological History of the Mesa Verde Region  

Richard H. Wilshusen and Donna Glowacki

Print publication date:
Oct 2017
Online publication date:
Sep 2017
The Mesa Verde region—extending from southeastern Utah to southwestern Colorado and northwestern New Mexico—is the heartland of the earliest pueblos and an ancestral home for at least ... More

The Archaeological Imprint of Oral Traditions on the Landscape of Northern Plains Hunter-Gatherers  

Gerald A. Oetelaar

Print publication date:
Feb 2012
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
On the Northern Plains of North America, archaeological models of settlement systems are generally based on the ecology and behavior of bison. The annual subsistence round is often ... More

Archaeological Practice, Archaic Presence, and Interaction in Indigenous Societies in Cuba  

Jorge Ulloa Hung and Roberto Valcárcel Rojas

Print publication date:
Mar 2013
Online publication date:
Jun 2013
This article discusses the basic aspects of the archaeological practice in Cuba, looking at how vital characteristics of the indigenous communities that were established in Cuban territory ... More

Archaeological Study of Mortuary Practices in the Eastern United States  

James Brown

Print publication date:
May 2013
Online publication date:
Aug 2013
Key to contemporary approaches to mortuary analysis in the Eastern Woodlands is the concept of liturgy as embodied in the mortuary programme. Together they bridge to social life through associated ... More

Archaeologies of Colonial Reduction and Cultural Production in Native Northern California  

Stephen W. Silliman

Print publication date:
Feb 2012
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
This article aims to outline themes of research in Native northern California, specifically under Spanish/Mexican and Russian control, in order to highlight key issues in North American ... More

The Archaeologist’s Evangeline: Historical Archaeology in Acadia  

Jonathan Fowler

The French colony of Acadia, located in what is now the Maritime Provinces of Canada and part of the State of Maine, has long attracted the attention of writers and scholars. Immigrating ... More

Archaeology and Native Northerners: The Rise of Community-Based Practice across the North American Arctic  

Natasha Lyons

Print publication date:
Oct 2016
Online publication date:
Aug 2016
Archaeology is undergoing a sustained shift in the North American Arctic, as factors both internal and external to the discipline work to expand and transform the structure, demographics, ... More

An Archaeology of Spatiality in the Caribbean  

Christopher F. Altes

Print publication date:
Mar 2013
Online publication date:
Jun 2013
Geographic information systems (GISs) are a broad category of spatial technologies for gathering, analyzing, and creating data. Such systems provide a means of managing, archiving, and ... More

Archaeology of the Eastern Aleut Region  

Herbert Maschner

Print publication date:
Oct 2016
Online publication date:
Aug 2016
The prehistory of the eastern Aleut region is one of the most convoluted and dynamic cultural trajectories in the Arctic region. Situated on the one of the world’s most productive ... More

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