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A “Catholic Layman of German Nationality and Citizenship”?: Carl Schmitt and the Religiosity of Life  

Reinhard Mehring

Print publication date:
Jan 2017
Online publication date:
Dec 2014
Carl Schmitt positioned his constitutional theory in the context of a “political theology” and referred to himself repeatedly as a Catholic. Schmitt scholarship has long pursued this ... More

“A Fanatic of Order in an Epoch of Confusing Turmoil”: The Political, Legal, and Cultural Thought of Carl Schmitt  

Jens Meierhenrich and Oliver Simons

Print publication date:
Jan 2017
Online publication date:
Sep 2016
This handbook engages with the critical ordering of Schmitt’s writings, investing in the proper contextualization of his polycentric thought. More important than whether Schmitt’s ... More

Accountability and Democracy  

Mark E. Warren

Print publication date:
May 2014
Online publication date:
Aug 2014
Democracy, rule of the people, is comprised of complex webs of accountabilities between people and those who use power to govern on their behalf. Democratic accountability is comprised of ... More

Accountability in Global Economic Governance  

Kate MacDonald

Print publication date:
Mar 2018
Online publication date:
Apr 2018
Contemporary theoretical debates surrounding accountability in global economic governance have often adopted a problem-focused analytical lens—centred on real-world political controversies ... More

Africa and Deliberative Politics  

Emmanuel Ani

Print publication date:
Sep 2018
Online publication date:
Oct 2018
This chapter shows that deliberative democracy is an important consideration for African nations, especially with an eye on the divisive effects of aggregative politics on democracies ... More

After the Linguistic Turn: Post‐structuralist and Liberal Pragmatist Political Theory  

Paul Patton

Print publication date:
Jun 2008
Online publication date:
Sep 2009
This article examines the linguistic aspects of post-structuralist and liberal pragmatist political theory. It analyses the differences and similarities between post-structuralist ... More

Alasdair MacIntyre, After Virtue: An Study in Moral Theory  

John R. Wallach

Online publication date:
Feb 2016
This essay discusses the contribution of Alasdair MacIntyre’s After Virtue (1981) to a generation of moral theory. Pitched as a critique of liberal individualism (e.g., Rawls), modernity ... More

Anarchism  

Benjamin Franks

Print publication date:
Aug 2013
Online publication date:
Dec 2013
This chapter identifies some of the conceptual problems in providing a stable, inclusive interpretation of anarchism. It rejects accounts of anarchism constructed on the supposed universal ... More

Anarchy  

Stergios Skaperdas

Print publication date:
Jun 2008
Online publication date:
Sep 2009
This article discusses anarchy and also introduces recent research from economics that models anarchy. It shows that this research has clear implications for thinking about interstate ... More

Animal Rights  

Gary L. Francione and Anna E. Charlton

Print publication date:
Apr 2017
Online publication date:
Aug 2015
The term “animal rights” is used broadly and often inconsistently in discussions of animal ethics. This chapter focuses on seven topics: (1) the pre-nineteenth-century view of animals as ... More

Animal Sheltering  

Leslie Irvine

Print publication date:
Apr 2017
Online publication date:
Feb 2015
American animal shelters house between six and eight million dogs and cats each year. The question of what to do with millions of healthy but unwanted animals has animated sheltering from ... More

Animal Work  

Jocelyne Porcher

Print publication date:
Apr 2017
Online publication date:
Jul 2015
Although the presence of animals in our lives seems natural, it is not; it depends on work. But we don’t know what work means for a dog, a horse, or a cow. This chapter proposes a concept ... More

Animals and Ecological Science  

Anita Guerrini

Print publication date:
Apr 2017
Online publication date:
Feb 2015
Ecological science, which studies the relationships between organisms and their environments, developed from natural history. Aristotle’s teleological chain of being and detailed ... More

Animals as Legal Subjects  

Paul Waldau

Print publication date:
Apr 2017
Online publication date:
Aug 2015
This chapter contrasts the dominant sense of the phrase “animals as legal subjects,” which minimizes fundamental protections for nonhuman animals, with alternative senses of the same ... More

Animals as Living Property  

David Favre

Print publication date:
Apr 2017
Online publication date:
Feb 2015
For all recorded history domestic animals have been considered objects within the legal system, classified as personal property, the primary focus being on what an owner can do with ... More

Animals as Reflexive Thinkers: The Aponoian Paradigm  

Mark Rowlands and Susana Monsó

Print publication date:
Apr 2017
Online publication date:
Feb 2015
The ability to engage in reflexive thought—in thought about thought or about other mental states more generally—is regarded as a complex intellectual achievement that is beyond the ... More

Animals as Scientific Objects  

Mike Michael

Print publication date:
Apr 2017
Online publication date:
Jun 2014
The chapter addresses the topic of animals as scientific objects by drawing on recent literature that emphasizes the heterogeneous construction—or eventuation—of the object. As such, the ... More

Animals as Sentient Commodities  

Rhoda Wilkie

Print publication date:
Apr 2017
Online publication date:
Aug 2015
A discrepancy exists between the legal and perceived status of livestock. Legally, food animals are property, but their thing-like status is unstable and does not determine how they are ... More

Animals in Folklore  

Boria Sax

Print publication date:
Apr 2017
Online publication date:
Jun 2014
This essay surveys the representation of animals in folklore from the fables of Aesop to the search for Bigfoot. Unlike most of modern culture, folklore attributes great power, ... More

Animals in Political Theory  

Sue Donaldson and Will Kymlicka

Print publication date:
Apr 2017
Online publication date:
Jul 2015
Western political theorists have largely ignored the animal question, assuming that animals have no place in our theories of democracy, citizenship, membership, sovereignty, and the public ... More

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