Criminology and Criminal Justice

Criminology was classically described by Edwin Sutherland, one of its American pioneers, as the study of "the making, the breaking, and the enforcement of criminal laws." More recently, the subject has split into criminology, the study of the causes of crime, and criminal justice, the study of the institutions and processes involved in the enforcement of the criminal law. The scope is interdisciplinary, ranging across the behavioral and social sciences and the humanities from biology and neurology through sociology, psychology, and political science to literature, history, and philosophy. Most criminology and criminal justice departments and schools were established in the 1970s or later, though many hundreds of such departments now exist. Much writing and research go on, however, in other disciplines and departments as well as the more specialized programs. Contemporary scholarship ranges across time from historical studies of crime in the Middle Ages through content and discourse analyses of newspapers, television, film, and fiction, and across subjects from brain-scans to meta-ethics.

Editor in Chief

Michael Tonry is Professor of Law and Public Policy at the University of Minnesota Law School, and Senior Fellow at the Netherlands Institute for the Study of Crime and Law Enforcement at Free University in Amsterdam. From 1999 to 2004 he was also Professor of Law and Public Policy and director of The Institute of Criminology at Cambridge University. Since 2001, he has been a visiting professor at the University of Lausanne, Switzerland. He has also been a senior fellow of The Netherlands Institute for the Study of Crime and Law Enforcement, Leiden, since 2003. He specializes in criminal law and teaches courses in criminal law, jurisprudence, and comparative law. He is the author or editor of many books and articles, most recently Punishing Race: A Continuing American Dilemma (Oxford, 2012).

Editorial Board

Senior Editors
Rosemary Gartner
University of Toronto
Paul Knepper
University of Sheffield
Alex Piquero
University of Texas at Dallas

Former Editorial Board Members

Julian Roberts
Oxford University
Sally Simpson
University of Maryland

Volume Editors

Donna M. Bishop
Northeastern University

Sandra Bucerius
University of Toronto

Francis T. Cullen
University of Cincinnati

David P. Farrington
Cambridge University

Barry C. Feld
University of Minnesota Law School

Rosemary Gartner
University of Toronto

Robert J. Kane
University of Texas at Austin
Bill McCarthy
University of California Davis

Letizia Paoli
Leuven Institute of Criminology, KU Leuven

Joan Petersilia
Stanford Criminal Justice Center (SCJC)

Michael D. Reisig
Arizona State University

Kevin R. Reitz
University of Minnesota Law School

Neal Shover
University of Tennessee
Michael Tonry
University of Minnesota Law School

Shanna R. Van Slyke
Utica College

Brandon C. Welsh
Northeastern University; Netherlands Institute for the study of Crime and Law Enforcement

Pamela Wilcox
University of Cincinnati

John Wooldredge
University of Cincinnati

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Oxford Handbooks Online is a partnership between the publisher and the academic community, and we invite your questions about the content. Please feel welcome to email Anthony Wahl, our Criminology and Criminal Justice editor, with comments, suggestions, or questions.