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Abdolkarim Soroush

Behrooz Ghamari-Tabrizi

Print publication date:
Nov 2013
Online publication date:
Dec 2013
Abdolkarim Soroush founded one of the most important intellectual movements in Iran. This article traces the development of his thought through three distinct periods: (1) a critique of ... More

Abū Hāshim al-Jubbāʾī’s (d. 321/933) Theory of ‘States’ (aḥwāl) and its Adaption by Ashʿarite Theologians

Jan Thiele

Online publication date:
Mar 2014
This chapter discusses the notion of ‘states’ (aḥwāl) in Muʿtazilite and Ashʿarite theology. The concept was borrowed from linguistics by the Muʿtazilite theologian Abū Hāshim al-Jubbāʾī ... More

Adherence and Conversion to Daoism

Louis Komjathy

Print publication date:
Apr 2014
Online publication date:
May 2014
The chapter examines adherence and conversion in the Daoist religious tradition. In addition to discussing “conversion” as a comparative category and as a cultural phenomenon in China, ... More

Aesthetics and Religion

Richard Viladesau

Print publication date:
Feb 2014
Online publication date:
Feb 2014
A systematic consideration of the multiple relationships between aesthetics and religion demands a sorting-out of concepts and issues. “Aesthetics” may be understood as practice (art) and ... More

Aesthetics and the Arts in Relation to Natural Theology

Frank Burch Brown

Print publication date:
Jan 2013
Online publication date:
Jun 2013
This chapter examines the significance of aesthetics and the arts to natural theology, first discussing ways that natural theology can circumvent the evident religiosity of certain kinds ... More

The African American Christian Tradition

Sylvester Johnson

Print publication date:
Aug 2014
Online publication date:
Jul 2014
African American liberation theology emerged in the 1960s as a genuinely Christian discourse. Black theology arose in response to divisive questions about the leadership of African ... More

African American History and African American Theology

Stephen C. Finley

Print publication date:
Aug 2014
Online publication date:
Jul 2014
The history of African Americans is important in the formation of, but presents a challenge to, black theology. African American history provided a lens through which to view the world and ... More

African American Muslim Congregations, 1913–2013

Edward E. Curtis IV

Online publication date:
Jan 2014
Subject:
Religion, Islam
For nearly a century, African American Muslims have gathered for religious purposes in local voluntary religious associations that, like other American religious congregations, are a basic ... More

African American Muslims

Caroline Moxley Rouse

Online publication date:
Mar 2014
Subject:
Religion, Islam
This chapter sees the embrace of Islam within the African American community as a response to white supremacy and struggles for citizenship. It is important to recognize that while the ... More

African American Religious Experience

M. Shawn Copeland

Print publication date:
Aug 2014
Online publication date:
Jul 2014
African American religious experience refers to conscious responsiveness to the holy or to divinity or to an existential sense of mystery and ultimacy. It emerges from complex ... More

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