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Algebraic generality versus arithmetic generality in the 1874 controversy between C. Jordan and L. Kronecker  

Frédéric Brechenmacher

Print publication date:
Jul 2016
Online publication date:
Jul 2017
This article revisits the 1874 controversy between Camille Jordan and Leopold Kronecker over two theorems, namely Jordan’s canonical forms and Karl Weierstrass’s elementary divisors ... More

Andreev Reflection and Related Studies in Low-Dimensional Superconducting Systems  

D. Daghero, G.A. Ummarino, and R.S. Gonnelli

Print publication date:
Jan 2017
Online publication date:
Jul 2017
This article investigates the potential of the point contact Andreev reflection spectroscopy (PCARS) technique for measuring the symmetry of the energy gap and other key parameters of ... More

Atomistic spin-dynamics  

M. Stamenova and S. Sanvito

Print publication date:
Feb 2010
Online publication date:
Jul 2017
This article reviews recent advances towards the development of a truly atomistic time-dependent theory for spin-dynamics. The focus is on the s-d tight-binding model [where conduction ... More

Barriers in Josephson Junctions: An Overview  

M.P. Weides

Print publication date:
Jan 2017
Online publication date:
Jul 2017
This article considers Josephson junction barriers, focusing on barriers made from insulators, metals, semiconductors, magnets, and nanowires. The main characteristic of Josephson ... More

Bifunctional nanomaterials for the imaging and treatment of cancer  

A. Burke, D. Carroll, Frank Torti, and S.V. Torti

Print publication date:
Feb 2010
Online publication date:
Jul 2017
This article examines the potential of bifunctional nanomaterials for the imaging and treatment of cancer. Several nanomaterials possess properties desirable for a cancer therapy and have ... More

Bioconjugated quantum dots for tumor molecular imaging and profiling  

P. Zrazhevskiy and X. Gao

Print publication date:
Feb 2010
Online publication date:
Jul 2017
This article discusses the use of bioconjugated quantum dots (QDs) for tumor molecular imaging and profiling. The need for personalized diagnostics and therapy is becoming apparent in all ... More

Biological Fluid Interfaces and Membranes  

Aidan T. Brown and Pietro Cicuta

Print publication date:
Feb 2015
Online publication date:
Jul 2017
This article examines the properties of biological fluid interfaces and membranes, with particular emphasis on monolayers and bilayers. There are several examples of interfaces between ... More

Biological generality: general anatomy from Xavier Bichat to Louis Ranvier  

Jean- Gaël Barbara

Print publication date:
Jul 2016
Online publication date:
Jul 2017
This article examines generality in biology by focusing on two French schools of anatomy: the discipline of anatomie générale that was founded in France in 1800 by Xavier Bichat and the ... More

Block Copolymers: Thermodynamics, Dynamics, and Small-Angle Scattering  

Lee M. Trask, Nacu Hernandez, and Eric W. Cochran

Print publication date:
Feb 2015
Online publication date:
Jul 2017
This article explores the dynamics, thermodynamics, and small-angle scattering of block copolymers. The goal is to determine what drives the applications of block copolymers, i.e. how ... More

Carbon-nanotube field emission electron and X-ray technology for medical research and clinical applications  

Sigen Wang, Otto Zhou, and Sha Chang

Print publication date:
Feb 2010
Online publication date:
Jul 2017
This article describes carbon-nanotube based X-ray technologies for medical research and clinical applications, including an X-ray source, microfocus X-ray tube, microcomputed tomography ... More

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