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Associative Learning in Invertebrates  

Romuald Nargeot and Alexis Bédécarrats

Online publication date:
Sep 2017
Behaviors of invertebrates can be modified by associative learning in a similar manner to those of vertebrates. Two simple forms of associative learning, Pavlovian and operant ... More

Auditory Systems of Drosophila and Other Invertebrates  

Yun Doo Chung and Jeongmi Lee

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Hearing in invertebrates has evolved independently as an adaptation to avoid predators or to mediate intraspecific communication. Although many invertebrate groups are able to respond to ... More

Changes in the Inferior Colliculus Associated with Hearing Loss: Noise-Induced Hearing Loss, Age-Related Hearing Loss, Tinnitus and Hyperacusis  

Alan R. Palmer and Joel I. Berger

The inferior colliculus is an important auditory relay center that undergoes fundamental changes following hearing loss, whether noise induced (NIHL) or age related (ARHL). These changes ... More

Chemosensory Transduction in Arthropods  

Monika Stengl

Reception of chemicals via olfaction and gustation are prerequisites to find, distinguish, and recognize food and mates and to avoid dangers. Several receptor gene superfamilies are ... More

Cnidarian Neurobiology  

Richard Satterlie

Online publication date:
Feb 2017
Important cnidarian contributions to our understanding of nervous system evolution may be found in the arrangement of conducting systems and their interactions. We see multiple, diffuse ... More

Control of Locomotion in Crustaceans  

Daniel Cattaert and Donald Hine Edwards

Online publication date:
Jun 2017
This chapter will consider the control of posture and walking in decapod crustaceans (crabs, lobsters, rock lobsters, and crayfish). The walking system of crustaceans is composed of five ... More

Control of Locomotion in Hexapods  

Roy E. Ritzmann and Sasha N. Zill

Online publication date:
Feb 2017
This article discusses legged locomotion in insects. It describes the basic patterns of coordinated movement both within each leg and among the various legs. The nervous system controls ... More

Cortical Plasticity  

Sally A. Marik and Charles D. Gilbert

Online publication date:
Apr 2018
The cerebral cortex is a learning engine. The ability to encode information about sensory experience or practiced movements is a universal property of all cortical areas. This capacity, ... More

Developmental Consequences of Trauma on Brain Circuits  

Maya Opendak and Regina Sullivan

Online publication date:
Apr 2018
Traumatic experiences can be challenging at any age, but recent evidence has highlighted the trauma experienced from an attachment figure as particularly detrimental. Fear, or threat, ... More

Evolution and Design of Invertebrate Circadian Clocks  

Vu H. Lam and Joanna C. Chiu

Online publication date:
Jun 2017
Invertebrates are an incredibly diverse group of animals that come in all shapes and sizes, and live in a wide range of habitats. In order for all these organisms to perform optimally, ... More

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