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Chemosensory Transduction in Arthropods  

Monika Stengl

Reception of chemicals via olfaction and gustation are prerequisites to find, distinguish, and recognize food and mates and to avoid dangers. Several receptor gene superfamilies are ... More

Control of Locomotion in Hexapods  

Roy E. Ritzmann and Sasha N. Zill

Online publication date:
Feb 2017
This article discusses legged locomotion in insects. It describes the basic patterns of coordinated movement both within each leg and among the various legs. The nervous system controls ... More

Genetic Analysis of Behavior in Drosophila  

Bjoern Brembs

The main function of brains is to generate adaptive behavior. Far from being the stereotypical, robot-like insect, the fruit fly Drosophila exhibits astounding flexibility and chooses ... More

Mechanisms of Axonal Degeneration and Regeneration: Lessons Learned From Invertebrates  

Jiaxing Li and Catherine A. Collins

In the face of acute or chronic axonal damage, neurons and their axons undergo a number of molecular, cellular, and morphological changes. These changes facilitate two types of responses, ... More

Morphology of Invertebrate Neurons and Synapses  

Ian Meinertzhagen

Online publication date:
Feb 2017
Despite their often small numbers, the neurons in invertebrate nervous systems can nevertheless constitute many classes, and the nervous systems of little studied or entirely new species ... More

Motion Vision in Arthropods  

Alex S. Mauss and Alexander Borst

Online publication date:
Feb 2017
Visual perception seems effortless to us, yet it is the product of elaborate signal processing in intricate brain circuits. Apart from vertebrates, arthropods represent another major ... More

Motor Control in Soft-Bodied Animals: The Octopus  

Guy Levy, Nir Nesher, Letizia Zullo, and Binyamin Hochner

Online publication date:
Feb 2017
Motor Control is essentially the computations required for producing coordinated sequences of commands from the controlling system (i.e., nervous system) to the actuation system (i.e., ... More

Neurotransmitters and Neuropeptides of Invertebrates  

Lynne A. Fieber

This chapter introduces working definitions of neuropeptides and neurotransmitters from the perspective of invertebrate physiological processes. Neuropeptides and neurotransmitters are ... More

Search Strategies for Intentionality in the Honeybee Brain  

Randolf Menzel

Do insects, like other animals, expect future events, predict the value of potential actions, and decide between behavioral options without having access to the indicating stimuli? These ... More

The Vertical Lobe of Cephalopods—A Brain Structure Ideal for Exploring the Mechanisms of Complex Forms of Learning and Memory  

Ana Turchetti-Maia, Tal Shomrat, and Binyamin Hochner

Online publication date:
Feb 2017
We show that the cephalopod vertical lobe (VL) is a promising system for assessing the function and organization of the neuronal circuitry mediating complex learning and memory behavior. ... More