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Antarctic Climate History and Global Climate Changes  

Pontus Lurcock and Fabio Florindo

Online publication date:
Sep 2017
Antarctic climate changes have been reconstructed from ice and sediment cores and numerical models (which also predict future changes). Major ice sheets first appeared 34 million years ago ... More

Assessing Volcanic Hazard: A Review  

Joan Martí Molist

Online publication date:
Sep 2017
Volcanoes represent complex geological systems capable of generating many dangerous phenomena. To evaluate and manage volcanic risk, we need first to assess volcanic hazard (i.e., identify ... More

Coastal Hazards, Risks, and Marine Extreme Events: What Are We Doing About It?  

Eduardo Marone, Ricardo de Camargo, and Julio Salcedo Castro

This article describes the threat costal hazards pose to existing life in light of climate change and natural disaster. It includes an overview of flooding, extreme waves, and other ... More

Earthquake Risk Assessment  

Max Wyss

Online publication date:
Sep 2017
This article discusses the importance of assessing and estimating the risk of earthquakes. It begins with an overview of earthquake prediction and relevant terms, namely: earthquake ... More

Physical Mechanisms Responsible for Track Changes and Rainfall Distributions Associated with Tropical Cyclone Landfall  

Johnny C.L. Chan

Online publication date:
Sep 2017
As a tropical cyclone approaches land, its interaction with the characteristics of the land (surface roughness, topography, moisture availability, etc.) will lead to changes in its track ... More

Tornadoes and Their Parent Convective Storms  

Howard B. Bluestein

Online publication date:
Sep 2017
In the past four decades much has been discovered about tornado formation and structure from observations, laboratory models, and numerical-simulation experiments. Observations include ... More

Urban Climate and Risk  

Teodoro Georgiadis

Online publication date:
Sep 2017
This work reports on the main physical processes that arise in the environment of the megacity from the “urban metabolism”—the complex interactions of the climate with the activities ... More

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