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A 1980 Attempt at Reviving Ancient Irrigation Practices in the Pacific: Rationale, Failure, and Success  

Matthew Spriggs

Online publication date:
Jul 2015
The author was project leader on an attempt to revive ancient irrigation practices on Aneityum Island (Vanuatu, S. Pacific) in 1980, based on his archaeological and ethnoarchaeological ... More

‘A Dirtier Reality?’ Archaeological Methods and the Urban Project  

John Schofield

Print publication date:
Oct 2013
Online publication date:
Dec 2013
Strait Street in Malta’s capital Valletta is an extraordinary street, and one that has fascinating stories to tell about its resident population and visitors over nearly 300 years. For ... More

‘A Frame to Hang Clouds on’: Cognitive Ownership, Landscape, and Heritage Management  

William E. Boyd

Print publication date:
Jan 2012
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
In the archaeological context, a sense of the evolving landscape becomes especially important where there is considerable time depth or cultural sequencing inherent in a single site. The ... More

Above and Below the Surface: Environment, Work, Death, and Upbringing in Sixteenth- to Seventeenth-century Sweden  

Anne Ingvarsson Sundström, Jan Mispelaere, and Ylva Bäckström

Print publication date:
May 2018
Online publication date:
Jun 2018
This chapter addresses children’s lives and living conditions during the early modern period in Sweden. A case study on the population at one of Sweden’s most important historical mines, ... More

Absence  

Severin Fowles and Kaet Heupel

Print publication date:
Oct 2013
Online publication date:
Dec 2013
Archaeological methodologies direct our attention towards the study of present, material things. This is frequently praised as its greatest contribution to social theory. But humans ... More

Accounting for What We Treasure: Economic Valuation of Public Heritage  

Sheila Ellwood

Print publication date:
Sep 2018
Online publication date:
Apr 2018
Recent attempts to include and assess public heritage in the accounts of governments and charities are controversial. There are many kinds of value, not merely financial, and various ... More

Achaemenid Persia and the Levant  

Josette Elayi

Print publication date:
Nov 2013
Online publication date:
Mar 2014
This articlefocuses on Achaemenid Persia’s rule of the Levant. It explains that the Levant fell under the control of Persia after Cyrus the Great defeated the last Babylonian ... More

Acoustic Remote Sensing in Maritime Archaeology  

Rory Quinn

Print publication date:
Dec 2013
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
This article offers an introduction to acoustic remote sensing. In shipwreck studies, acoustic remote sensing has traditionally been used for reconnaissance surveys and for site ... More

Actor-Network-Theory Approaches to the Archaeology of Contemporary Architecture  

Albena Yaneva

Print publication date:
Oct 2013
Online publication date:
Dec 2013
The chapter contributes to unravelling how Actor-Network-Theory (ANT) as a method of inquiry might inform the archaeological understanding of the contemporary world. To illustrate this, ... More

Adapting to a Dry Continent: Technology and Environment in Australian Industrial Archaeology  

Peter Davies and Susan Lawrence

Online publication date:
Oct 2014
Technology, environment, and society have always been intimately connected in Australia, from the earliest arrival of modern humans almost 50,000 years ago to the settlement of Europeans ... More

Adapting to a Frozen Coastal Environment  

Robert W. Park

Print publication date:
Feb 2012
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
In the Arctic, people experience some of the most profound seasonal changes anywhere on earth: the temperature and amount of daylight differ tremendously between summer and winter, the ... More

Adaptive and Ecological Approaches to the Study of Hunter-Gatherers  

Raven Garvey and Robert L. Bettinger

Print publication date:
Apr 2014
Online publication date:
Sep 2013
Anthropology’s approach to hunter-gatherer ecology and adaptations has changed remarkably from the Enlightenment to the present. Paradigm shifts, turning on the issues of adaptive scale ... More

Administrative Realities: The Persepolis Archives and the Archaeology of the Achaemenid Heartland  

Wouter F.M. Henkelman

Print publication date:
Jun 2013
Online publication date:
Oct 2013
The administration of the Persepolis region is revealed in two groups of cuneiform tablets, written predominantly in Elamite and Aramaic, that were excavated at Persepolis in the 1930s by ... More

Adult Appearances?: The Representation of Children and Childhood in Medieval Art  

Sophie Oosterwijk

Print publication date:
May 2018
Online publication date:
Jun 2018
It is often assumed that children do not really occur in medieval art. The problem for researchers is not so much one of finding representations of childhood, but of recognizing them. ... More

Advances in hunter-gatherer research in Mexico: archaeozoological contributions  

Joaquin Arroyo-Cabrales and Eduardo Corona-M.

Print publication date:
Mar 2017
Online publication date:
Apr 2017
Interest in the first hunter-gatherer populations of Mexico has increased in the last fifteen years. Exploration of the Late Pleistocene localities involved in the early peopling of ... More

Aegypto Capta: Augustus and the Annexation of Egypt  

Friederike Herklotz

Print publication date:
Jun 2012
Online publication date:
Nov 2012
This article discusses the Ptolemaic legacy and Egyptian independence; the annexation of Egypt; and the first Roman prefects in Egypt. In contrast to earlier changes of ruler, the ... More

The African Acheulean  

Mohamed Sahnouni, Sileshi Semaw, and Michael Rogers

Print publication date:
Jul 2013
Online publication date:
Sep 2013
This article argues that the Acheulean is perhaps the longest lasting cultural–technological tradition in human history, dating from around 1.7 to 0.3 Mya and roughly corresponding to the ... More

African Perspectives on Death, Burial, and Mortuary Archaeology  

David N. Edwards

Print publication date:
May 2013
Online publication date:
Aug 2013
For those engaging with the archaeology of sub-Saharan Africa for the first time, the variable but generally limited presence of mortuary archaeologies may be quite striking, although in a few ... More

Afterlives  

Michael Brian Schiffer

Print publication date:
Oct 2013
Online publication date:
Dec 2013
This chapter develops and illustrates the concept of afterlife artefact, an important domain of modern material culture. A human that died or an artefact that lost functions or its ... More

Age and Health  

Walter Scheidel

Print publication date:
Jun 2012
Online publication date:
Nov 2012
Roman Egypt is the only part of the ancient world where documentary evidence for the age composition of the general population has survived. Pertinent information is provided by extant ... More

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