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Africa’s Political Economy in the Contemporary Era  

Peter M. Lewis

Print publication date:
Jul 2018
Online publication date:
May 2016
This article discusses Africa’s political economy in the contemporary era. It begins with an overview of various theories, models and debates that address African economic performance ... More

African American Women: Intersectionality in Politics  

Jamila Celestine Michener, Andrew Dilts, and Cathy J. Cohen

Print publication date:
May 2012
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
Political participation has been a fundamental constant in the lives of African American people. Whether it is voting, membership in social/political community organizations, or ... More

Agency and Gender Norms in War Economies  

Patti Petesch

Print publication date:
Feb 2018
Online publication date:
Dec 2017
This chapter describes shifts in gender roles and agency during times of conflict, noting that the changes men and women experience are interdependent and arguing that a conflict period ... More

Agroecological Intensification of Smallholder Farming  

Rebecca Nelson and Richard Coe

Print publication date:
Jan 2015
Online publication date:
Sep 2013
The smallholder farmers who cultivate many of the planet’s diverse production systems are faced with numerous challenges, including poverty, shrinking farm sizes, degrading natural ... More

Albert O. Hirschman, Exit, Voice and Loyalty: Responses to Decline in Firms, Organizations, and States  

Keith Dowding

Print publication date:
Mar 2015
Online publication date:
Jul 2016
This chapter discusses Albert Hirschman’s Exit, Voice and Loyalty, a classic known for its relatively simple argument that has found many applications in fields ranging from personal ... More

Alternative Paths to Food Security  

Norman Uphoff

Print publication date:
Jan 2015
Online publication date:
Jan 2014
This chapter examines an agroecological approach to agricultural development called the System of Rice Intensification (SRI). SRI can boost paddy yields by 50 to 100 percent using less ... More

Ambiguous Transformations: The 2007/08 International Financial Crisis and Changing Economic Roles of the State  

Eric Helleiner

Print publication date:
Jun 2015
Online publication date:
Oct 2014
Over the past century, international financial crises have often helped transform the role of the state within domestic economies as well as the nature of economic relations between ... More

The Analysis of Courts in the Economic Analysis of Law  

Lewis A. Kornhauser

Print publication date:
Aug 2008
Online publication date:
Sep 2009
Many analyses of courts within the economic analysis of law are indistinguishable from those produced by positive political theorists; they consider how judges control, exploit, or resolve ... More

Anarchy  

Stergios Skaperdas

Print publication date:
Jun 2008
Online publication date:
Sep 2009
This article discusses anarchy and also introduces recent research from economics that models anarchy. It shows that this research has clear implications for thinking about interstate ... More

Animals in Folklore  

Boria Sax

Print publication date:
Apr 2017
Online publication date:
Jun 2014
This essay surveys the representation of animals in folklore from the fables of Aesop to the search for Bigfoot. Unlike most of modern culture, folklore attributes great power, ... More

Anthony Downs, “Up and Down with Ecology: The ‘Issue-Attention’ Cycle”  

Kuhika Gupta and Hank Jenkins-Smith

Print publication date:
Mar 2015
Online publication date:
Jul 2016
This chapter comments on Anthony Downs’s 1972 seminal paper “Up and Down with Ecology: The ‘Issue-Attention’ Cycle,” which tackles the concept of “public” or “issue” attention. Focusing on ... More

Assessing the Unilateral Presidency  

Richard W. Waterman

Print publication date:
Aug 2009
Online publication date:
May 2010
This article summarizes the literature on the president's unilateral powers and explores the implications of the related unitary executive model. It first investigates the association ... More

Authoritarian Government  

Stephen Haber

Print publication date:
Jun 2008
Online publication date:
Sep 2009
This article discusses authoritarian government, and argues that the literature on authoritarianism can be integrated into a unified framework that explains variance in economic ... More

Awkward Partners: NGOs And Social Movements At The WTO  

Jens Steffek

Print publication date:
May 2012
Online publication date:
Nov 2012
This article analyses the role of non-governmental organizations (NGOs) and social movements in the World Trade Organization (WTO). After providing a theoretical overview that outlines the ... More

The Bank of Italy  

Lucia Quaglia

Print publication date:
Nov 2015
Online publication date:
Feb 2016
Government weakness and political fragmentation lie at the roots of the Bank’s importance in economic governance. The Bank maintained independence in appointments throughout the postwar ... More

Biofuels: Competition for Cropland, Water, and Energy Resources  

David Pimentel and Michael Burgess

Print publication date:
Jan 2015
Online publication date:
Jan 2014
A rapidly growing world population and an even more rapidly growing consumption of fossil fuels are increasing demand for both food and biofuels, which will exaggerate both the food and ... More

Bridging the Silos: Trade and exchange rates in international political economy  

Mark S. Copelovitch and Jon C.W. Pevehouse

Print publication date:
May 2015
Online publication date:
Sep 2014
The inextricable link between trade and exchange rates is a central feature of the international economy. As the cost of traversing international borders has decreased, as production of ... More

Budgeting for National Security  

Rodney Bent

Print publication date:
Jul 2018
Online publication date:
Dec 2017
This chapter explains basic concepts used by the executive branch and Congress in requesting and allocating federal budget resources for national security. It provides a context for ... More

Business  

Tanja A. Börzel and Nicole Deitelhoff

Print publication date:
Mar 2018
Online publication date:
Apr 2018
Business has become an important governor in areas of limited statehood (ALS). While the shadow of hierarchy is not necessary to incentivize companies, their contributions to governance ... More

The Business of Water  

Karen Bakker

Print publication date:
Mar 2018
Online publication date:
Dec 2016
Over the past three decades, water supply has become big business, and fierce debates have emerged in many countries over water privatization and water markets. This chapter reviews five ... More

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