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Adult Appearances?: The Representation of Children and Childhood in Medieval Art  

Sophie Oosterwijk

Print publication date:
May 2018
Online publication date:
Jun 2018
It is often assumed that children do not really occur in medieval art. The problem for researchers is not so much one of finding representations of childhood, but of recognizing them. ... More

Ancient Stone Sculptures: In Search of the Mexica Past  

Eduardo Matos Moctezuma

Print publication date:
Jan 2017
Online publication date:
Dec 2016
This chapter discusses the Mexica monumental sculptures uncovered in downtown Mexico City during the late eighteenth century, including the Coatlicue and Tlaltecuhtli sculptures, and the ... More

Animate Shadows of Bears and Giants  

Kevin Conti and William Walker

This chapter explores the performance of light and shadows in two ancestral Pueblo rock art sites in southeast Utah. These sites possess anthropomorphic rock faces and modified features to ... More

Art for the Living  

J. D. Lewis-Williams

Print publication date:
Apr 2014
Online publication date:
Oct 2013
This article outlines the development of approaches to modern human behaviour and, especially, Upper Palaeolithic art. It argues that researchers should not focus on intelligence to the exclusion of ... More

Art in the Aztec Empire  

Emily Umberger

Print publication date:
Sep 2012
Online publication date:
Nov 2012
Archaeological remains testify to the spread of goods and ideas over broad areas of Mesoamerica at different times throughout its prehispanic history. However, most material expansions are ... More

Art of the Classic Period  

Rex Koontz

Print publication date:
Sep 2012
Online publication date:
Nov 2012
The Mesoamerican Classic period (ca. 250–900 ad ) is characterized by the expansion of urban elite artistic cultures across the region. The basic characteristics of Classic-period elite ... More

Art on the northern edge of the Mediterranean world  

Martin Guggisberg

Online publication date:
Sep 2018
This chapter examines the relationship between art and society in Iron Age Europe, with a focus on Celtic art. It begins by asking what constituted ‘art’ in this context, what was its ... More

Aztec Art after the Conquest and in Museums Abroad  

Ray Hernández Durán

Print publication date:
Jan 2017
Online publication date:
Dec 2016
Following the Spanish Conquest, responses to Aztec art were varied. While architecture and many sacred sculptures were demolished and their material remains recycled into new construction, ... More

Aztec Art, Time, and Cosmovisión  

William Barnes

Print publication date:
Jan 2017
Online publication date:
Dec 2016
Aztec religion and the Central Mexican divinatory calendar were intrinsically linked. Focusing on the Aztec conception of art and artists, this chapter presents an overview of how art ... More

Aztec Lapidaries  

Cynthia L. Otis Charlton and Alejandro Pastrana

Print publication date:
Jan 2017
Online publication date:
Dec 2016
Objects of Aztec lapidary work carry great visual impact in contrast to their relatively scarce actual numbers. A combination of historical documents and modern locational techniques has ... More

Aztec Pictography and Painted Histories  

Elizabeth Hill Boone

Print publication date:
Jan 2017
Online publication date:
Dec 2016
The Aztecs recorded knowledge and wrote down the historical events of their past in painted books, now called codices, in which historical information was encoded in a pictographic writing ... More

The Beautiful Face of Ra: The Role of Sunlight in the Architecture of Ancient Egypt  

Giulio Magli

In the famous projects of ancient Egyptian architecture, sunlight had always a special role. An expert use of light and shadows helped in creating halls filled with sacredness in many ... More

Bodies Revealed: X-ray Art in Western Arnhem Land  

Luke Taylor

This chapter examines X-ray art in western Arnhem Land in northern Australia, considering how relatively contemporary artists used it to enrich the meaning of their work. After discussing ... More

The Built Environment  

Michael Adler

Print publication date:
Oct 2017
Online publication date:
Sep 2017
The most intensively studied societies within Southwest archaeology—the Ancestral “Pueblos”—have been defined by their architecture. Stark village ruins of stone and adobe, some perched ... More

Çatalhöyük: A Study of Light and Darkness—A Photo-essay  

Eva Bosch

Online publication date:
Apr 2018
This photo essay outlines the experimental work undertaken in summer 2007 in Çatalhöyük in Anatolia, Turkey, while the author was the artist in residence. The work done in this Neolithic ... More

Children’s Burial Grounds (cillíní) in Ireland: New Insights into an Early Modern Religious Tradition  

Colm J. Donnelly and Eileen M. Murphy

Print publication date:
May 2018
Online publication date:
Jun 2018
Children’s burial grounds (cillíní) are a recognized class of Irish archaeological monument that were used as the designated burial places for unbaptized infants among the Roman Catholic ... More

Classical Architecture  

Donald M. Bailey

Print publication date:
Jun 2012
Online publication date:
Nov 2012
This article looks at the evidence for classical architecture in stone in the urban centres of Middle Egypt, including one new Greek city and three metropoleis. These are Antinoopolis, the ... More

Colonial Documents  

Eduardo de Jesús Douglas

Print publication date:
Sep 2012
Online publication date:
Nov 2012
This article discusses colonial Mesoamerican documents. After 1521, the indigenous peoples of Mesoamerica became subjects of the Spanish king, thereby coming into contact with European ... More

Creolization in the Investigation of Rock Art of the Colonial Era  

Sam Challis

Online publication date:
Jul 2017
If the authorship of rock art by particular groups is assumed, the very object under study can unwittingly be falsely attributed. Our interpretations have largely failed to incorporate ... More

Early Mesoamerican Writing Systems  

John Justeson

Print publication date:
Sep 2012
Online publication date:
Nov 2012
From a comparative perspective, the early development of writing in Mesoamerica is poorly preserved. In Mesopotamia, more than six thousand tablets attest the first two centuries of the ... More

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