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Agent‐Based Modeling  

Scott de Marchi and Scott E. Page

Print publication date:
Aug 2008
Online publication date:
Sep 2009
This article provides a discussion on agent-based modeling. Two examples that show the ability of computational methods to extend game-theoretic results are presented. It then discusses ... More

Anthropology  

Cris Shore

Print publication date:
May 2014
Online publication date:
Jan 2014
From an anthropological perspective, political leadership is a system of social relationships involving authority, charisma and other forms of personal or institutional power, whose rules ... More

Arms Supply and Proliferation Networks  

David Kinsella and Alexander H. Montgomery

Print publication date:
Sep 2017
Online publication date:
Aug 2016
Network analyses of global and regional arms flows (including small arms and light weapons, major conventional weapons, and weapons of mass destruction) and related international ... More

Bayesian Analysis  

Andrew D. Martin

Print publication date:
Aug 2008
Online publication date:
Sep 2009
This article surveys modern Bayesian methods of estimating statistical models. It first provides an introduction to the Bayesian approach for statistical inference, contrasting it with ... More

Candidate Traits and Political Choice  

Bruce W. Hardy

Print publication date:
Aug 2017
Online publication date:
Jul 2014
What role do presidential candidate character traits play in vote decisions? To some, the answer is obvious as campaigns, journalists, pundits, and voters frequently differentiate ... More

Case Selection for Case‐Study Analysis: Qualitative and Quantitative Techniques  

John Gerring

Print publication date:
Aug 2008
Online publication date:
Sep 2009
This article presents some guidance by cataloging nine different techniques for case selection: typical, diverse, extreme, deviant, influential, crucial, pathway, most similar, and most ... More

The Case Study: What it is and What it Does  

John Gerring

Print publication date:
Jul 2009
Online publication date:
Sep 2009
This article presents a reconstructed definition of the case study approach to research. This definition emphasizes comparative politics, which has been closely linked to this method since ... More

Case‐Oriented Configura‐Tional Research: Qualitative Comparative Analysis (Qca), Fuzzy Sets, and Related Techniques  

Benoît Rihoux

Print publication date:
Aug 2008
Online publication date:
Sep 2009
This article investigates the tradition of case-oriented configurational research, focusing specifically on qualitative comparative analysis (QCA) as a tool for causal inference. It first ... More

Causal Inference in Political Networks  

Jon C. Rogowski and Betsy Sinclair

Print publication date:
Sep 2017
Online publication date:
Aug 2016
Though scholars have developed an increasingly rich set of research findings regarding the structure of political networks, identifying causal associations between these networks and ... More

Causal Inference with Complex Survey Designs: Generating Population Estimates Using Survey Weights  

Ines Levin and Betsy Sinclair

Print publication date:
Sep 2018
Online publication date:
Apr 2016
This article discusses methods that combine survey weighting and propensity score matching to estimate population average treatment effects. Beginning with an overview of causal inference ... More

Causality and Time in Historical Institutionalism  

James Mahoney, Khairunnisa Mohamedali, and Christoph Nguyen

Print publication date:
Mar 2016
Online publication date:
May 2016
This chapter explores the dual concern with causality and time in historical-institutionalism using a graphical approach. Conceptualizing causes as filters, the chapter analyses three ... More

Causation and Explanation in Social Science  

Henry E. Brady

Print publication date:
Aug 2008
Online publication date:
Sep 2009
This article provides an overview of causal thinking by characterizing four approaches to causal inference. It also describes the INUS model. It specifically presents a user-friendly ... More

Comparative Climate Change Policy Networks  

Jeffrey Broadbent

Print publication date:
Sep 2017
Online publication date:
Aug 2016
This chapter explains the method of policy network (PN) analysis and its benefits (and limits) for cross-national comparative analysis. The purpose of the PN approach is to understand how ... More

Comparative-Historical Analysis in Contemporary Political Science  

James Mahoney and Larkin Terrie

Print publication date:
Aug 2008
Online publication date:
Sep 2009
This article indicates that comparative historical analysis is complementary to statistical analysis because it deals with ‘causes of effects’ rather than ‘effects of causes’. It also ... More

Concepts, Theories, and Numbers: A Checklist for Constructing, Evaluating, and Using Concepts or Quantitative Measures  

Gary Goertz

Print publication date:
Aug 2008
Online publication date:
Sep 2009
This article presents guidance on how to think about the concepts. It proposes to explore some issues in the assessment of concepts and quantitative measures. It presents the basic problem ... More

Contextual Analysis  

Paul 't Hart

Print publication date:
May 2014
Online publication date:
Sep 2014
Context matters for leadership. Contextual analysis in leadership studies tries to find out when and how contexts shape leadership possibilities, and reversely when and how leaders are ... More

Counterfactuals and Case Studies  

Jack S. Levy

Print publication date:
Aug 2008
Online publication date:
Sep 2009
This article shows that counterfactuals can be used along with case studies to make inferences, although strong theories are needed for this. The article also argues that game theory is ... More

Critical Junctures  

Giovanni Capoccia

Print publication date:
Mar 2016
Online publication date:
May 2016
In the analysis of path-dependent institutions, the concept of critical juncture refers to situations of uncertainty in which decisions of important actors are causally decisive for the ... More

Cross‐Level/Ecological Inference  

Wendy Tam Cho and Charles F. Manski

Print publication date:
Aug 2008
Online publication date:
Sep 2009
This article reports the main methodological approaches to the statistical problem. It describes the fundamental indeterminacy of the problem. It also provides a framework that coherently ... More

Cross-National Surveys and the Comparative Study of Electoral Systems: When Country/Elections Become Cases  

Jeffrey A. Karp and Jack Vowles

Print publication date:
Sep 2018
Online publication date:
Oct 2016
This chapter examines the development of cross-national survey research in political science and the challenges that it brings. Cross-national surveys have proliferated across the globe ... More

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