Alex R. Piquero and Nicole Leeper Piquero
Studying longitudinal patterns of offending has been a staple of criminologists’ research attention. From this work emerged the criminal career paradigm, which parcels longitudinal offending patterns into distinct dimensions, such as onset, frequency, specialization, and desistance. However, most criminal career research has concentrated on street offenders. This chapter provides an overview of the criminal career paradigm and reviews the small literature on longitudinal white-collar criminal career patterns. The chapter also identifies a series of directions for theoretical and empirical research aimed at developing a deeper understanding of the criminal careers of white-collar offenders.