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Legitimacy and Lawful Policing  

Sanja Kutnjak Ivković

Print publication date:
Sep 2011
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
This article is organized as follows. Section I focuses on the concept of police legitimacy, exploring it from the police agency perspective (i.e., why people obey the authority), and ... More

Perceptual Deterrence Theory  

Ray Paternoster and Ronet Bachman

Print publication date:
Nov 2012
Online publication date:
Dec 2012
According to deterrence theory in criminology, we are affected by both the costs and rewards that are consequent to our behavior. In other words, we tend to behave based on the expectation ... More

Reassurance, Reinforcement, and Legitimacy  

Matt Matravers

Print publication date:
Sep 2011
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
This article considers the point of systems of criminal justice; reviews Émile Durkheim's theory and its application to contemporary societies; reviews the evidence concerning the ways in ... More

Reparation and Restoration  

Kathleen Daly and Gitana Proietti-Scifoni

Print publication date:
Sep 2011
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
This article begins with an overview of the varied meanings of reparation, restoration, and restorative justice, as they are applied in domestic and international contexts of law and ... More

Theories of Proportionality and Desert  

Richard S. Frase

Print publication date:
Apr 2012
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
This article discusses the various theories of proportionality. The first section takes a look at the retributive proportionality principles, two varieties of retributive theory, and the ... More

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