Maivân Clech Lâm
This chapter compares and contrasts the separate UN regimes of rights for minorities and for indigenous peoples: their historical antecedents; the conditions and actors behind the emergence of the present regimes; their foundational texts and enabling mechanisms; their common as well as divergent goals. The chapter highlights minorities’ pursuit of equality and non-discrimination. Indigenous peoples, on the other hand, use the normative tool of self-determination, which they hope will help them maintain or regain their traditional lands, territories, and resources that have sustained their physical and cultural survival but are endangered by globalization. The two sets of goals, while appreciably different, are not mutually exclusive; both assert the rights to be equal to and different or separate from dominant populations.
This chapter discusses the most prominent active partisan organizations representing the Palestinian population in Israel’s political arena. Some of these organizations act as political parties in the Israeli Knesset, while others have chosen to distance themselves from participation in parliamentary elections in order to avoid any cooperation with or legitimization for the Israeli state. The Palestinian political parties in Israel have been affected by political developments and implications resulting from the Arab-Israeli conflict and particularly the Palestinian problem, alongside Israeli national political, economic and social developments since the creation of the state in 1948, in addition to being impacted by internal socioeconomic changes and transformations within the Palestinian community in Israel.