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Adverbials  

Monika Rathert

Print publication date:
May 2012
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
This article describes the different types of temporal adverbial, interactions of adverbials and tense, and tense and adverbials in subordinate clauses. From a morphosyntactic view, there ... More

Case in Formal Semantics  

Helen de Hoop and Joost Zwarts

Print publication date:
Nov 2008
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
Case has not received a lot of attention from formal semanticists, probably because the approach has mostly focused on languages with relatively sparse case systems. This article examines ... More

Case, Grammatical Relations, and Semantic Roles  

Beatrice Primus

Print publication date:
Nov 2008
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
This article presents an overview of the basic issues concerning the relationship between case, grammatical relations, and semantic roles such as agent and patient. In most approaches, ... More

Categorial Grammar  

Glyn Morrill

Print publication date:
Feb 2015
Online publication date:
Jul 2015
Categorial grammar predates Syntactic Structures by two decades. Characterized by classification of expressions by recursively defined types, it is highly lexicalist or, as in the ... More

Cognitive Grammar  

Ronald W. Langacker

Print publication date:
Jun 2010
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
Research leading to the formulation of cognitive grammar began in the spring of 1976. On the American theoretical scene, it was the era of the “linguistics wars” between generative ... More

Cognitive Grammar  

Ronald W. Langacker

Print publication date:
Feb 2015
Online publication date:
Jul 2015
Cognitive Grammar (CG) is a particular version of cognitive linguistic theory within the broader movement of functional linguistics. It is a usage-based approach grounded in both cognition ... More

Compositionality  

Henk J. Verkuyl

Print publication date:
May 2012
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
Compositionality concerns the computation of complex meanings at higher levels of structure on the basis of atomic meanings. This article is based on the conviction that complex meaning of ... More

Embedded Tenses  

Toshyuki Ogihara and Yael Sharvit

Print publication date:
May 2012
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
The English present tense does not exhibit a uniform behavior in all embedded environments. Its ability to receive a simultaneous reading in complement clauses of attitude verbs depends on ... More

Evidentiality and Formal Semantic Theories  

Margaret Speas

Print publication date:
Jan 2018
Online publication date:
Mar 2018
This chapter reviews recent proposals about how the meanings of evidentials should be captured within formal semantic theories, which attempt to model compositional meaning in a way that ... More

Formalizing the relationship between meaning and syntax  

Wilfrid Hodges

Print publication date:
Feb 2012
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
Linguists started to handle the semantics of linguistic constructions with the proper generality only in the twentieth century. Leonard Bloomfield approaches the notion of a construction ... More

Language and Thought  

Wolfram Hinzen

Print publication date:
Mar 2011
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
This article explores the relation between language and thought. The term ‘thought’ is an abstraction. It has its uses: for many philosophical purposes one may simply want to abstract from ... More

Language Development in Children with Developmental Disorders  

Andrea Zukowski

Print publication date:
Jul 2016
Online publication date:
Nov 2016
This chapter discusses a number of developmental disorders that impact language acquisition, and their possible relevance to understanding how language is typically acquired. The chapter ... More

A Lexical Semantic Approach to Compounding  

Rochelle Lieber

Print publication date:
Jul 2011
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
This chapter explores the interpretation of compounds in terms of the framework of lexical semantic analysis developed in Lieber (2004). That work offered an analysis of typical English ... More

The Linguistic Marking of (Ir)Realis and Subjunctive  

Caterina Mauri and Andrea Sansò

Print publication date:
Jul 2016
Online publication date:
Jul 2015
This chapter deals with the morphosyntactic and distributional properties of subjunctive and irrealis, with a special focus on their mutual relation and on their relation with indicative ... More

Minimalist Construal: Two Approaches to A and B  

Alex Drummond, Dave Kush, and Norbert Hornstein

Print publication date:
Mar 2011
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
Until recently, mainstream minimalist theorizing has treated construal as a interface process rather than as a part of core grammar. Recently, a number of authors have resisted this ... More

Modality and Mood in Chadic  

Zygmunt Frayzyngier

Print publication date:
Jul 2016
Online publication date:
Jul 2015
The chapter discusses selected types of modality and mood in Chadic languages, the largest and typologically most diverse family within the Afroasiatic phylum. It first describes the ... More

Modality and Mood in First Language Acquisition  

Maya Hickmann and Dominique Bassano

Print publication date:
Jul 2016
Online publication date:
Jul 2015
This chapter aims to provide a large overview of research focusing on the development of modality and mood during first language acquisition. This overview synthesizes results concerning ... More

Modality and Mood in Formal Syntactic Approaches  

Katrin Axel-Tober and Remus Gergel

Print publication date:
Jul 2016
Online publication date:
Jul 2015
The chapter discusses a selection of major approaches to modality and mood in generative syntax. The primary focus lies on the representation of modal auxiliaries and verbs. Key issues ... More

Modality and Mood in Functional Linguistic Approaches  

Karin Aijmer

Print publication date:
Jul 2016
Online publication date:
Jul 2015
The chapter deals with functional approaches to mood and modality. The focus is on Systemic Functional Grammar (SFG) associated with Halliday’s writings, Dik’s Functional Grammar (FG), and ... More

Modality and Mood in Oceanic  

Frantisek Lichtenberk

Print publication date:
Jul 2016
Online publication date:
Jul 2015
The Oceanic languages form a subgroup within the Austronesian family. The chapter is a cross-linguistic investigation of several kinds of modality: epistemic, deontic, dynamic, ... More

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