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The Acquisition of Evidentiality  

Stanka A. Fitneva

Print publication date:
Jan 2018
Online publication date:
Mar 2018
How do children learn the evidential system of their language? The primary goal of this chapter is to summarize existing research on this topic. Its secondary goal is to position this ... More

The Adaptive Approach to Grammar  

Tom Givón

Print publication date:
Feb 2015
Online publication date:
Jul 2015
The chapter interprets grammar (morpho-syntax) as an adaptive product of human evolution. It situates grammar within the rise of the two mega-functions of human language: cognitive ... More

Dizque and other Emergent Evidential forms in Romance Languages  

Asier Alcázar

Print publication date:
Jan 2018
Online publication date:
Mar 2018
This chapter addresses the origin, meaning, syntax, and classification of dizque ‘they.say.that’. These questions are framed in the context of ongoing diachronic and synchronic ... More

Evidence and Evidentiality in Quechua Narrative Discourse  

Rosaleen Howard

Print publication date:
Jan 2018
Online publication date:
Mar 2018
This chapter discusses the working of evidentiality in Quechua narrative performance from the central highlands of Peru. In the Quechua narratives analysed, the grammatical marking of ... More

Evidentiality: The Framework  

Alexandra Y. Aikhenvald

Print publication date:
Jan 2018
Online publication date:
Mar 2018
This chapter sets out semantic and analytic parameters for understanding evidentials—closed grammatical sets whose main meaning is information source. A noun phrase may have its own ... More

Evidentiality: The Notion and the Term  

Kaspar Boye

Print publication date:
Jan 2018
Online publication date:
Mar 2018
This chapter surveys the different ways in which evidentiality is conceived of and referred to. It first outlines the history of the term evidentiality and other terms that have been ... More

Evidentiality and Epistemic Modality in Gitksan  

Tyler Peterson

Print publication date:
Jan 2018
Online publication date:
Mar 2018
This chapter presents a sketch of the grammatical evidential system and related epistemic meanings in Gitksan, a critically endangered indigenous language of the Tsimshianic language ... More

Evidentiality and Formal Semantic Theories  

Margaret Speas

Print publication date:
Jan 2018
Online publication date:
Mar 2018
This chapter reviews recent proposals about how the meanings of evidentials should be captured within formal semantic theories, which attempt to model compositional meaning in a way that ... More

Evidentiality and Information Source in Signed Languages  

Sherman Wilcox and Barbara Shaffer

Print publication date:
Jan 2018
Online publication date:
Mar 2018
This chapter examines evidentiality in signed languages. Data comes primarily from three signed languages—American Sign Language (ASL), Brazilian Sign Language (Libras), and Catalan Sign ... More

Evidentiality and Its Relations With Other Verbal Categories  

Diana Forker

Print publication date:
Jan 2018
Online publication date:
Mar 2018
This chapter focuses on languages that mark evidentiality within the verbal complex. It provides an overview of the interrelations between evidentiality and other categories expressed on ... More

Evidentiality and Language Contact  

Alexandra Y. Aikhenvald

Print publication date:
Jan 2018
Online publication date:
Mar 2018
Evidentials, as a grammatical means of overtly expressing information source, play a pivotal role in communication, cognition, and speakers’ status within a community. This accounts for ... More

Evidentiality and Mirativity  

Ferdinand de Haan

Print publication date:
May 2012
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
The categories of evidentiality and tense/aspect overlap in various respects. On a formal level, it is frequently the case that evidentials are expressed with tense or aspect morphemes. ... More

Evidentiality and the Cariban Languages  

Eithne B. Carlin

Print publication date:
Jan 2018
Online publication date:
Mar 2018
This chapter investigates the phenomenon of evidentiality in two Cariban languages, showing that the statement of source of information is not only a matter of grammatical expression, ... More

Evidentiality and the Expression of Knowledge: An African Perspective  

Anne Storch

Print publication date:
Jan 2018
Online publication date:
Mar 2018
Evidentials in African languages range from systems that distinguish between firsthand and non-firsthand information to repertoires of evidential markers that express source of ... More

Evidentiality in Algonquian  

Marie-Odile Junker, Randolph Valentine, and Conor Quinn

Print publication date:
Jan 2018
Online publication date:
Mar 2018
This chapter surveys three representative chunks of the Algonquian family: the Cree-Innu-Naskapi continuum, Ojibwe, and Eastern Algonquian. After noting the very productive role of lexical ... More

Evidentiality in Bodic Languages  

Gwendoyn Hyslop

Print publication date:
Jan 2018
Online publication date:
Mar 2018
The Bodic group of Tibeto-Burman languages infamously code a wide range of epistemological categories, including evidentiality (source of knowledge) and perhaps more contentiously ... More

Evidentiality in Boran and Witotoan Languages  

Katarzyna I. Wojtylak

Print publication date:
Jan 2018
Online publication date:
Mar 2018
This chapter is the first attempt to explore how evidentiality is expressed in two neighbouring language families spoken in northwest Amazonia, Boran, and Witotoan. The evidentiality ... More

Evidentiality in Formosan Languages  

Chia-Jung Pan

Print publication date:
Jan 2018
Online publication date:
Mar 2018
This chapter investigates evidentiality in Formosan languages. Five Formosan languages—Bunun, Paiwan, Kanakanavu, Saaroa, and Tsou—are discussed. Evidentiality in these languages is a ... More

Evidentiality in Japanese  

Heiko Narrog and Wenjiang Yang

Print publication date:
Jan 2018
Online publication date:
Mar 2018
This chapter provides an overview of the structure, meaning and use of evidential markers in Modern Japanese and a brief summary of evidential markers through Japanese language history. ... More

Evidentiality in Nakh-Daghestanian Languages  

Diana Forker

Print publication date:
Jan 2018
Online publication date:
Mar 2018
This chapter is focused on the formal expression of evidentiality in Nakh-Daghestanian languages (Russia, Caucasus) and on the semantic distinctions available for evidentials. The vast ... More

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