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Communism and Economic Modernization  

Mark Harrison

Print publication date:
Jan 2014
Online publication date:
May 2013
This article examines the range of national experiences of communist rule in terms of the aspiration to ‘overtake and outstrip the advanced countries economically’. It reviews the causal ... More

Fiscal Crisis and Structural Change in the Late Ottoman Economy  

Murat Birdal

Online publication date:
Jul 2015
This chapter examines institutional change in the Ottoman economy with a focus on its financial crises and subsequent reform attempts. Traditional fiscal institutions functioned well until ... More