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After the Fear was Over? What Came After Dictatorships in Spain, Greece, and Portugal  

Helen Graham and Alejandro Quiroga

Print publication date:
May 2012
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
What Spain, Greece, and Portugal have in common in the twentieth century is the manner in which their internal processes of change – rural to urban, agrarian to industrial – were ... More

Brothers, Strangers and Enemies: Ethno-Nationalism and the Demise of Communist Yugoslavia  

Cathie Carmichael

Print publication date:
May 2012
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
In the forty-five years after World War II that Communist Yugoslavia existed, judgements as to the success of the experiment differed widely. Unlike the first royalist Yugoslav state, ... More

Colonial Fantasies Shattered  

Martin Evans

Print publication date:
May 2012
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Sep 2012
J. G. Ballard, author of the 1984 novel Empire of the Sun, was born in the Shanghai International Settlement in China in 1930, into a privileged colonial milieu with a chauffeur, a nanny, ... More

A Continent Bristling With Arms: Continuity and Change In Western European Security Policies After the Second World War  

Leopoldo Nuti

Print publication date:
May 2012
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
Since the end of World War II, Europe has known an unprecedented period of peace that has profoundly altered the political landscape of the continent. Yet at the same time, for much of the ... More

Corporatism and the Social Democratic Moment: The Postwar Settlement, 1945–1973  

Geoff Eley

Print publication date:
May 2012
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
Certain facts about postwar Europe seem self-evidently true. Undoubtedly the most salient was the division of Europe and the political, economic, social, and cultural antinomies that ... More

The Countryside: Towards a Theme Park?  

Hugh D Clout

Print publication date:
May 2012
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Sep 2012
By the dawn of the twenty-first century, Europe's agriculture had been reshaped dramatically, since policy makers viewed rural space as more than a resource base of crops, animal products, ... More

East, West, and the Return of ‘Central’: Borders Drawn and Redrawn  

Catherine Lee and Robert Bideleux

Print publication date:
May 2012
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
Western Europe has not only met but also married Eastern Europe, even if there are rumours that it was a marriage of convenience, consummated in ‘EU Europe’. Nevertheless, a significant ... More

Ethnic Cleansing  

Philipp Ther

Print publication date:
May 2012
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Sep 2012
One can define ethnic cleansing as a mass-scale, violent, and permanent removal of an ethnically defined group from one territory to a perceived external homeland. Deportations within a ... More

Europe and its Others: Is there a European Identity?  

Luisa Passerini

Print publication date:
May 2012
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
For centuries, forms of European identity were built up through contrasts and oppositions, creating various forms of orientalism and occidentalism. It is useful to keep three levels of ... More

1968: Europe in Technicolour  

Martin Klimke

Print publication date:
May 2012
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Sep 2012
Even after more than four decades, the events of the tumultuous year 1968 still mesmerise and polarise Europe, both culturally and politically. Although prominent representatives of the ... More

Europe's Cold War  

Jussi M. Hanhimäki

Print publication date:
May 2012
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
In 1945, much of Europe was in rubble, following an orgy of violence and genocide unprecedented in recorded history. This alone provides one explanation for the phenomenal rise of Soviet ... More

European Integration: The Rescue of the Nation State?  

Robert Bideleux

Print publication date:
May 2012
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
Rejecting claims that European integration has been inimical or antithetical to nations, states, and ‘national’ interests, Alan Milward's The European Rescue of the Nation-State (1992) ... More

Gendering Europe, Europeanizing Gender: The Politics of Difference in a Global Era  

Uli Linke

Print publication date:
May 2012
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
When attempting to understand the cultural politics of gender in Europe after 1945, some readers will undoubtedly anticipate answers to the following question: To what extent have the ... More

‘Gentlemen, you are Mad!’: Mutual Assured Destruction and Cold War Culture  

Ivan T. Berend

Print publication date:
May 2012
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Sep 2012
In the year after the bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, the historian and critic Lewis Mumford made a dramatic attack on the insanity of the nuclear age. In his article entitled ... More

The Great Patriotic War in Soviet and Post-Soviet Collective Memory  

Roger D. Markwick

Print publication date:
May 2012
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
World War II has never ended for the citizens of the former Soviet Union. Nearly 27 million Soviet citizens died in the course of what Joseph Stalin declared to be the Great Patriotic War, ... More

Heritage and the Reconceptualization of the Postwar European City  

G.J. Ashworth and Brian Graham

Print publication date:
May 2012
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
Despite their marked differences, Belfast and Berlin demonstrate a trait that, since the mid-1970s, has become a defining characteristic of European cities, namely the repositioning of the ... More

Images of Europe, European Images: Postwar European Cinema and Television Culture  

Ib Bondebjerg

Print publication date:
May 2012
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
The audio-visual culture of Europe right after 1945 was a culture in ashes in a Europe soon to be divided into east and west under the Cold War. It was a Europe where nation-states had to ... More

Immigration and Asylum: Challenges to European Identities and Citizenship  

Stephen Castles

Print publication date:
May 2012
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
Many Europeans today perceive immigration as a major problem for society. Some claim that asylum seekers and low-skilled migrants are an economic burden and that ethnic diversity ... More

Intellectuals and Nazism  

Samuel Moyn

Print publication date:
May 2012
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
Although Nazism was destroyed totally and decisively at the end of World War II, the relationship of intellectuals to it as the years passed thereafter never proved simple. Its formation ... More

Interwar, War, Postwar: Was there a Zero Hour in 1945?  

Richard Overy

Print publication date:
May 2012
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
When World War II ended in Europe, many assumed that the sheer level of destruction, hatred, and fear unleashed by the conflict would produce a Europe even worse than the one they recalled ... More

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