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Aristocratic Economies: Women and Family  

Joanna Drell

Print publication date:
Aug 2013
Online publication date:
Jan 2013
This essay examines the economic activities and "work" of aristocratic women, c.1000–c.1400. Despite the limitations posed by law, custom, and social expectation, women played a central ... More

The Bride of Christ, the “Male Woman,” and the Female Reader in Late Antiquity  

Kate Cooper

Print publication date:
Aug 2013
Online publication date:
Dec 2013
Christian literature in late antiquity offered contrasting models of female sanctity, emphasizing alternately the gender ambiguity of the young woman dressed as a man, and the nuptial ... More

Brideprice, Dowry, and other Marital Assigns  

Susan Mosher Stuard

Print publication date:
Aug 2013
Online publication date:
Jan 2013
Between the eleventh and thirteenth centuries, morgengabe, a husband's gift to his wife marking the formal consummation of marriage, was replaced in Italian, southern French, and Spanish ... More

The Byzantine Body  

Kathryn Ringrose

Print publication date:
Aug 2013
Online publication date:
Jan 2013
The Byzantines perceived the body as malleable, able to be changed to suit the needs of society. They also believed that the appearance of the outer body reflected the quality of the inner ... More

Caring for Gendered Bodies  

Monica Green

Print publication date:
Aug 2013
Online publication date:
Dec 2013
Given the comparatively slow pace of human evolution, the body, as a biological entity, may be taken more or less as a historical constant during the past 1500 years. But every interaction ... More

Carolingian Domesticities  

Rachel Stone

Print publication date:
Aug 2013
Online publication date:
Jan 2013
Carolingian ideas of "home" and "family" encompassed a wide range of meanings from physical buildings to kin and free and unfree dependents. Kinship ties played a vital role, both socially ... More

Conflicts Over Gender in Civic Courts  

Carol Lansing

Print publication date:
Aug 2013
Online publication date:
Dec 2012
Civic court records are a rare source for medieval social experience and attitudes, including low-status people who do not appear in most records. Because the requirements for proof in ... More

Cults of Saints  

Miri Rubin

Print publication date:
Aug 2013
Online publication date:
Mar 2013
The cult of saints in the Middle Ages is considered here through the operation of gender. Gender is shown to be have determined who was considered a saint, how holiness was pursued by ... More

Cultures of Devotion  

Kathleen Ashley

Print publication date:
Aug 2013
Online publication date:
Dec 2012
Cultures of devotion in multiple forms were central to medieval lives, and because of their significance they became sites for defining and negotiating gender identities and issues. The ... More

Devoted Holiness in the Lay World  

Anneke Mulder-Bakker

Print publication date:
Aug 2013
Online publication date:
Mar 2013
The growing cities of late medieval northern Europe offered religiously gifted laypeople contexts in which to devote themselves fully to religion without having to leave the world or to ... More

Gender and Daily Life in Jewish Communities  

Elisheva Baumgarten

Print publication date:
Aug 2013
Online publication date:
Jan 2013
Jews living in northern Europe during the High Middle Ages inhabited large urban centers and lived in close proximity to their Christian neighbors. This led to daily contact between Jews ... More

Gender and The Christian Traditions  

Dyan Elliott

Print publication date:
Aug 2013
Online publication date:
Mar 2013
Classical and medieval thinkers had much to say about gendered topics, including proper social roles and relationships for men and women, differing physical and psychological make-ups, and ... More

Gender and the Initial Christianization of Northern Europe (to 1000 CE)  

Lisa Bitel

Print publication date:
Aug 2013
Online publication date:
Jan 2013
Traditional histories of Europe's initial Christianization have focused on clerical preaching and the establishment of church institutions. However, by looking through the lens of gender ... More

Gender at the Medieval Millennium  

Constance H. Berman

Print publication date:
Aug 2013
Online publication date:
May 2013
The turn of the first millennium was once seen by feminist historians like Jo Ann Kay McNamara as the beginning of an inexorable decline in the power and status of medieval women, ... More

Gender in the Transition to Merchant Capitalism  

Martha Howell

Print publication date:
Aug 2013
Online publication date:
Jan 2013
This essay argues that the slow transition from the commercial economy of the later Middle Ages to early modern merchant capitalism produced significant changes in gender roles and gender ... More

The Gender of the Religious: Wo/Men and the Invention of Monasticism  

Albrecht Diem

Print publication date:
Aug 2013
Online publication date:
Dec 2013
This article analyzes the different textual techniques that, by marginalizing female religious life, have created the common perception that female monasticism was a mere variant of a ... More

Gendering Demographic Change in the Middle Ages  

Maryanne Kowaleski

Print publication date:
Aug 2013
Online publication date:
Jan 2013
This essay explores the documentary and skeletal evidence for understanding the relationship between gender and population change in the Middle Ages by focusing on mortality, fertility, ... More

Genders and Material Culture  

Katherine L. French

Print publication date:
Aug 2013
Online publication date:
Jan 2013
The quickening economy of the twelfth and thirteenth centuries offered medieval people new goods, new markets, and new ways of expressing identity and respectability. The objects that men ... More

Heresy and Gender in the Middle Ages  

John H. Arnold

Print publication date:
Aug 2013
Online publication date:
Jan 2013
Earlier histories have linked women with heresy in a variety of ways. More recent work dispells the idea that women were particularly prominent or active in heresy. But heresy can be ... More

Jewish Traditions About Women and Gender Roles: From Rabbinic Teachings to Medieval Practice  

Judith Baskin

Print publication date:
Aug 2013
Online publication date:
Jan 2013
Medieval Jewish attitudes about women's capacities, appropriate activities, and legal relationships with men emerged from the androcentric literature of the rabbinic movement (first seven ... More

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