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Aristocratic Economies: Women and Family  

Joanna Drell

Print publication date:
Aug 2013
Online publication date:
Jan 2013
This essay examines the economic activities and "work" of aristocratic women, c.1000–c.1400. Despite the limitations posed by law, custom, and social expectation, women played a central ... More

The Bride of Christ, the “Male Woman,” and the Female Reader in Late Antiquity  

Kate Cooper

Print publication date:
Aug 2013
Online publication date:
Dec 2013
Christian literature in late antiquity offered contrasting models of female sanctity, emphasizing alternately the gender ambiguity of the young woman dressed as a man, and the nuptial ... More

Brideprice, Dowry, and other Marital Assigns  

Susan Mosher Stuard

Print publication date:
Aug 2013
Online publication date:
Jan 2013
Between the eleventh and thirteenth centuries, morgengabe, a husband's gift to his wife marking the formal consummation of marriage, was replaced in Italian, southern French, and Spanish ... More

The Byzantine Body  

Kathryn Ringrose

Print publication date:
Aug 2013
Online publication date:
Jan 2013
The Byzantines perceived the body as malleable, able to be changed to suit the needs of society. They also believed that the appearance of the outer body reflected the quality of the inner ... More

Caring for Gendered Bodies  

Monica Green

Print publication date:
Aug 2013
Online publication date:
Dec 2013
Given the comparatively slow pace of human evolution, the body, as a biological entity, may be taken more or less as a historical constant during the past 1500 years. But every interaction ... More

Carolingian Domesticities  

Rachel Stone

Print publication date:
Aug 2013
Online publication date:
Jan 2013
Carolingian ideas of "home" and "family" encompassed a wide range of meanings from physical buildings to kin and free and unfree dependents. Kinship ties played a vital role, both socially ... More

Communism and Women  

Donna Harsch

Print publication date:
Jan 2014
Online publication date:
Dec 2013
This article discusses women and gender relations under communism, beginning in the Soviet Union in the 1920s, continuing through the Cold War era in Eastern Europe, and including Cuba and ... More

Conflicts Over Gender in Civic Courts  

Carol Lansing

Print publication date:
Aug 2013
Online publication date:
Dec 2012
Civic court records are a rare source for medieval social experience and attitudes, including low-status people who do not appear in most records. Because the requirements for proof in ... More

Cults of Saints  

Miri Rubin

Print publication date:
Aug 2013
Online publication date:
Mar 2013
The cult of saints in the Middle Ages is considered here through the operation of gender. Gender is shown to be have determined who was considered a saint, how holiness was pursued by ... More

Cultures of Devotion  

Kathleen Ashley

Print publication date:
Aug 2013
Online publication date:
Dec 2012
Cultures of devotion in multiple forms were central to medieval lives, and because of their significance they became sites for defining and negotiating gender identities and issues. The ... More

Devoted Holiness in the Lay World  

Anneke Mulder-Bakker

Print publication date:
Aug 2013
Online publication date:
Mar 2013
The growing cities of late medieval northern Europe offered religiously gifted laypeople contexts in which to devote themselves fully to religion without having to leave the world or to ... More

Domesticity and Beyond: Gender, Family, and Consumption in Modern Europe  

Enrica Asquer

Print publication date:
Mar 2012
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
This article discusses the relationship between gender history and the history of the family, especially in the field of consumer studies, and examines works that consider the rise of a ... More

Emancipation and Exploitation in Immigrant Women’s Lives  

Donna R. Gabaccia

Print publication date:
Aug 2016
Online publication date:
Oct 2013
Because the United States celebrates itself as a beacon of liberty, emancipation is one of the most common themes in the history of immigrant women and the exploitation of women, as ... More

European Sexualities in the Age of Total War  

Dagmar Herzog

Print publication date:
May 2016
Online publication date:
Sep 2014
This chapter explores transformations in European sexual mores and practices in the era of the two world wars. It pays particular attention to the contradictory dynamics of the interwar ... More

Fertility Control: Eugenics, Neo-Malthusianism, and Feminism  

Susanne Klausen and Alison Bashford

Print publication date:
Sep 2010
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
This article analyzes the preoccupation of eugenics with fertility control—a broad term denoting all methods by which humans seek to induce, prevent, or terminate pregnancy. It also ... More

The Fragmentation of Gender in Post-Invasion Iraq  

Zahra Ali

Online publication date:
May 2017
This chapter explores the evolution of gender and women’s rights struggles in Iraq since the establishment of the Personal Status Code in 1959 and shed light on the ethnosectarian ... More

Gender  

Julie Hardwick

Print publication date:
Nov 2011
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
The historiography of gender in the Ancien Régime has explored two sets of interrelated issues. One is the question of the changing nature of men's and women's experiences and the ways in ... More

Gender and Daily Life in Jewish Communities  

Elisheva Baumgarten

Print publication date:
Aug 2013
Online publication date:
Jan 2013
Jews living in northern Europe during the High Middle Ages inhabited large urban centers and lived in close proximity to their Christian neighbors. This led to daily contact between Jews ... More

Gender and Genocide  

Elisa von Joeden‐Forgey

Print publication date:
Apr 2010
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
This article aims to shows that a consideration of gender is crucial to the understanding of the crime of genocide, because genocide is an historical process that is, at its core, about ... More

Gender and Nationhood in Modern Scottish Historiography  

Catriona M. M. Macdonald

Print publication date:
Jan 2012
Online publication date:
Nov 2012
Women's history, as conceived since the 1970s, was not the first and has not been the sole avenue through which gender concerns have intruded upon comfortable historical conventions, nor ... More

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