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Colonial Rule  

Toyin Falola and Matthew Heaton

Print publication date:
Oct 2018
Online publication date:
Nov 2018
This chapter examines the transformations brought about by British colonial rule in Nigeria, which began with the annexation of Lagos in 1861 and ended with the independence of Nigeria on ... More

Democracy in Israel  

Alan Dowty

Online publication date:
Jun 2018
Can Israel be both Jewish and democratic? If Jewishness is seen properly as ethnicity, Israeli democracy should be judged by the same standards as other nation-states. The Jewish community ... More

Drivers and Dynamics of Electoral Reform, 1999–2015  

Carl Levan and Abiodun Ajijola

Print publication date:
Oct 2018
Online publication date:
Nov 2018
A large body of research examines questions relating to the quality of Nigeria’s elections, focusing on the mechanisms of fraud, the likelihood of violence, or the virtues of ... More

The Electoral System of Israel  

Matthew S. Shugart

The electoral system of Israel is an “extreme” example of proportional representation because of its use of a single nationwide district. This feature has been a constant since 1949, while ... More

The Executive Branch in Israel  

Ofer Kenig

As in other parliamentary democracies, the Israeli government is dependent on the confidence of parliament. Israel is a country with a diverse society, divided by multidimensional ... More

Executive Dominance and Hyper-Presidentialism in Nigeria  

Yahaya Baba

Print publication date:
Oct 2018
Online publication date:
Nov 2018
The chapter examines the crises that triggered the collapse of the colonially imposed parliamentary system in Nigeria. The parochial nature of regional structures and the fragility of ... More

The Judicial Branch in Israel  

Menachem Hofnung and Mohammed S. Wattad

The contemporary perception of Israel’s judiciary as an independent branch does not coincide with Israel’s first government’s perception after establishing the first Supreme Court. To a ... More

The Judiciary in Nigeria Since 1999  

Patrick Ukata

Print publication date:
Oct 2018
Online publication date:
Nov 2018
Since May 1999, the Nigerian judiciary has increasingly been called upon to play a more critical role in interpreting the constitution, ensuring the enforcement of the rule of law and the ... More

The Legislative Branch in Israel  

Chen Friedberg and Reuven Y. Hazan

The Knesset is the legislative body of Israel, which has been a parliamentary, unitary democracy since its foundation. It is a unicameral parliament, elected through a proportional ... More

Legislative Development and Decadence in the Fourth Republic National Assembly  

Rotimi Suberu

Print publication date:
Oct 2018
Online publication date:
Nov 2018
The performance of the Nigerian National Assembly in the Fourth Republic has been profoundly ambivalent and contradictory. On one hand, the assembly has passed significant constitutional ... More

The Legislatures in the First and Second Republics  

Joseph Olayinka Fashagba

Print publication date:
Oct 2018
Online publication date:
Nov 2018
This study examines the Nigerian democratic experience and governance in the First and the Second Republics. The First Republic began in 1960 with a parliamentary constitution bequeathed ... More

Parties and the Party System of Israel  

Reuven Y. Hazan

Both the parties and the party system of Israel have undergone significant changes during the last seventy years. This chapter begins by delineating the transformation of the political ... More

The Political Institutions of the Palestinian Minority in Israel  

As'ad Ghanem

This chapter discusses the most prominent active partisan organizations representing the Palestinian population in Israel’s political arena. Some of these organizations act as political ... More

Political Reform in Israel  

Gideon Rahat

Israel has experienced both failed and successful attempts to reform its democratic institutions in the seventy years since its founding. The most noteworthy failure has been in the ... More

Rethinking the Institutional Foundations of China’s Hypergrowth: Official Incentives, Institutional Constraints, and Local Developmentalism  

Fubing Su, Ran Tao, and Dali L. Yang

Print publication date:
Jul 2018
Online publication date:
Jan 2017
This article examines the institutional foundations of the remarkable growth of the Chinese economy, paying particular attention to official incentives, institutional constraints, and ... More

State and Society Building in Early Israel  

Orit Rozin

This chapter portrays the political and legal regime of Israel in its early years as the product of three factors: the conscious political effort of the Zionist movement; a nation-building ... More

State Formation in Precolonial Nigeria  

Nonso Obikili

Print publication date:
Oct 2018
Online publication date:
Nov 2018
This chapter explores the history of state formation in Nigeria before the colonial era. It explores the various forms that statehood took and the many different factors which influenced ... More

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