Tilman Brück, Olaf J. De Groot, and Carlos Bozzoli
While paying attention to counterfactual scenarios, this article explores “bottom-up” methods that attempt to add up identified components of costs, and gives an overview of the existing literature in conflict cost analysis. It discusses several case studies and studies that look at cost sources not included in those case studies. The article also discusses the missing links in the literature and suggests future research to overcome the shortcomings we identify. The discussion takes a specific look at Sri Lanka, comparing the methodologies and results regarding a specific conflict. It addresses the particular influence of military expenditures on economic growth, the international and intertemporal spillovers of conflict that affect economic growth, and the way human capital is affected by violent conflict.
This article reviews the recent experimental literature on conflict. Although the literature is recent and small, it has already examined a great variety of topics—from the effects of anarchy to factors that contribute to peace and conflict. Laboratory experiments provide a good first test of theories and are especially valuable when field experiments are difficult to come by, as in the case of peace and conflict. The third section of the article portrays the tradition of experimental studies on anarchy, based on rent-seeking style models. The fourth section deals with the coordination problem in overthrowing an autocratic ruler. The fifth section is the residual category surveying studies that tackle specific aspects of conflict. The sixth section presents two studies which use experiments in a different way to gauge the effect that real conflict has on human behavior.