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Alfred North Whitehead (1861–1947)  

Tor Hernes

Print publication date:
May 2014
Online publication date:
Oct 2014
Born in England in 1861, Alfred North Whitehead turned to philosophy after a brilliant career in mathematics, where he developed a philosophical scheme based on experience as the ultimate ... More

Arne Naess (1912–2009)  

Carien de Jonge and Gail Whiteman

Print publication date:
May 2014
Online publication date:
Oct 2014
Arne Naess, a Norwegian philosopher known for his work on semantics and philosophy of science, was committed to Gandhian, non-violent enquiry. As an ecophilosopher and the father of the ... More

At Home from Mars to Somalia: Recounting Organization Studies  

Marta B. Calás and Linda Smircich

Print publication date:
Mar 2005
Online publication date:
Sep 2009
This article makes a long detour by taking multidisciplinary understandings of ‘development’ and ‘technology’ via Ethiopia and Somalia. It discusses several news items that illustrate the ... More

Baruch Spinoza (1632–1677)  

Daniel Hjorth and Robin Holt

Print publication date:
May 2014
Online publication date:
Oct 2014
Baruch Spinoza is rarely read in organization studies and figures in discussions on process philosophy or process thinking only occasionally. However, he becomes a most apposite thinker of ... More

Bureaucratic Theory and Intellectual Renewal in Contemporary Organization Studies  

Michael Reed

Print publication date:
Mar 2009
Online publication date:
Sep 2009
This article aims to revisit the classical body of theoretical and empirical work on the dynamics of bureaucratic power and control and to reassess its significance for the intellectual ... More

Business Groups and Interfirm Networks  

W. Mark Fruin

Print publication date:
Jan 2008
Online publication date:
Sep 2009
Business groups and interfirm networks, the subjects of this article, along with cartels, consortia, industrial districts, innovation clusters, joint ventures, strategic alliances, unions, ... More

Business Groups in Historical Perspectives  

Geoffrey G. Jones and Asli M. Colpan

Print publication date:
Aug 2010
Online publication date:
Sep 2010
This article explores the evolutionary dynamics and organizational characteristics of the diversified business groups built up by the UK-based trading companies from their ... More

Business History and Management Studie  

Matthias Kipping and Behlül Üsdiken

Print publication date:
Jan 2008
Online publication date:
Sep 2009
The purpose of this article is to give an overview of the changing relationship between business history and management studies since the 1950s, with a particular focus on the ... More

The Changing Nature of Professional Organizations  

Bob Hinings

Print publication date:
May 2006
Online publication date:
Sep 2009
An examination of professional organizations and professionals opens up a very wide range of possibilities, as this has been a central and important topic in the sociology of organizations ... More

Charles Sanders Peirce (1839–1914)  

Philippe Lorino

Print publication date:
May 2014
Online publication date:
Oct 2014
Charles Sanders Peirce, the father of pragmatism and of semiotics, proposed a theory of sign that plays a key role in pragmatist philosophy and serves as a foundation for the theory of ... More

The Columbia School and the Study of Bureaucracies: Why Organizations Have Lives of their Own  

Heather A. Haveman

Print publication date:
Mar 2009
Online publication date:
Sep 2009
This article focuses on the work of three scholars, Robert K. Merton and his students Alvin W. Gouldner and Peter M. Blau, who were part of Columbia University's sociology department, ... More

Confucius (551–479 BC)  

Yuan Li and Wen Haiming

Print publication date:
May 2014
Online publication date:
Oct 2014
This chapter argues that Confucianism sheds some lights on modern organization leadership from a processual perspective. The cosmological foundation of Confucianism is the dao and its ... More

Corporate Reputation and Regulation in Historical Perspective  

Christopher McKenna and Rowena Olegario

Print publication date:
Jul 2012
Online publication date:
Nov 2012
This article reviews the four areas where a significant or growing body of historical works exist: reputation mechanisms and self-regulation, the reputation of the corporate form, the ... More

Critical Management and Organizational History  

Michael Rowlinson, Roy Stager Jacques, and Charles Booth

Print publication date:
Jan 2011
Online publication date:
Sep 2009
A critical orientation towards management and organizational history has at least three aspects: first, a historical critique of mainstream management and organizational research and ... More

The Diffusion and Domestication of Managerial Innovations: The Spread of Scientific Management, Quality Circles, and TQM between the United States and Japan  

David Strang and Young-Mi Kim

Print publication date:
May 2006
Online publication date:
Sep 2009
This article discusses the flow of management practices between two countries — the United States and Japan. Much research has sought to link explicitly or contrast implicitly these two ... More

The Engineering Origins Of the Consulting Industry And its Long Shadow  

Christopher Wright and Matthias Kipping

Print publication date:
Mar 2012
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
This article reviews the engineering origins of management consulting. It considers the role of Frederick W. Taylor — the ‘father’ of scientific management — and his colleagues in ... More

Friedrich Nietzsche (1844–1900)  

Robin Holt and Daniel Hjorth

Print publication date:
May 2014
Online publication date:
Oct 2014
In The Birth of Tragedy Out of the Spirit of Music (1872), Friedrich Nietzsche refined and intensified his thoughts on the profound problem of pessimism and the tragic. Nearly all of ... More

Gabriel Tarde (1843–1904)  

Christian Borch

Print publication date:
May 2014
Online publication date:
Oct 2014
The financial crisis of 2007–2008, which spread from the United States to other parts of the world, gave impetus to a renewed interest in the concepts of contagion and imitation. These are ... More

Gabriel Tarde and Organization Theory  

Barbara Czarniawska

Print publication date:
Mar 2009
Online publication date:
Sep 2009
In his lifetime, Gabriel Tarde (1843–1904) was a competitor of Émile Durkheim and, judging from many contemporary accounts, a victorious one. Although his works were translated into many ... More

Georg Simmel: The Individual and the Organization  

Alan Scott

Print publication date:
Mar 2009
Online publication date:
Sep 2009
This article has two basic tasks: firstly, to extract from Simmel's sociology those strands of potential significance for the analysis of organizations; and secondly, to locate those ... More

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