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The African American Christian Tradition  

Sylvester Johnson

Print publication date:
Aug 2014
Online publication date:
Jul 2014
African American liberation theology emerged in the 1960s as a genuinely Christian discourse. Black theology arose in response to divisive questions about the leadership of African ... More

Analogy and the Fate of Reason  

William Desmond

Online publication date:
Aug 2016
This chapter explores a plurivocity in the meaning(s) of reason and analogy, and suggests a vocation for analogy if it is to redeem its plurivocal promise. Reason is understood differently ... More

Ancient Jewish and Early Christian Millennialism  

James D. Tabor

Print publication date:
Oct 2011
Online publication date:
Jan 2012
This article focuses on ancient Jewish and early Christian millennialism, which are found to be intrinsically inconsistent—there are no specific pointers towards marking the end of time; ... More

The Anglican Parish Sermons  

Eamon Duffy

Print publication date:
Oct 2018
Online publication date:
Nov 2018
Newman is widely recognized as the greatest preacher in nineteenth-century England, and his Parochial and Plain Sermons as one of the ‘Classics of Western Spirituality’. But although ... More

Anglican Theological Receptions  

Geoffrey Rowell

Print publication date:
Oct 2018
Online publication date:
Nov 2018
The Anglican reception of Newman was coloured for at least the fifty years following his death by the sense of loss, even betrayal, consequent upon his move to the Roman Catholic Church ... More

Anglican Wisdom  

Jenny Gaffin

Print publication date:
Oct 2015
Online publication date:
Jul 2016
The chapter focuses on the nature and character of Anglican wisdom, exploring this in the context of church structures, tradition, and truth. Drawing on a variety of different examples and ... More

Anglicanism and the Fathers  

Andrew McGowan

Print publication date:
Oct 2015
Online publication date:
Jul 2016
Anglicanism from the time of the Reformation has been characterized by a persistent interest in the Fathers of the church which joins authorities as diverse in date and disposition as ... More

Anglo‐American Post‐modernity and the End of Theology— Science Dialogue?  

Nancey Murphy

Print publication date:
Apr 2008
Online publication date:
Sep 2009
This article describes emerging patterns in Anglo-American philosophy that represent radical breaks from the thought patterns of Enlightened modernity, and spells out consequences of these ... More

Annihilationism  

Clark H. Pinnock

Print publication date:
Dec 2007
Online publication date:
Sep 2009
In Christian theology, annihilationism designates the views of those who hold that the finally impenitent wicked will cease to exist after (or soon after) the last judgment. Annihilation ... More

Apocalyptic  

Philip Davies

Print publication date:
Feb 2008
Online publication date:
Sep 2009
In the Old Testament, apocalyptic literature (or simply ‘apocalyptic’, as the genre is often called) might not seem to occupy a prominent place. Only the book of Daniel falls into this ... More

Apocalyptic Literature  

Christopher Rowland

Print publication date:
Mar 2009
Online publication date:
Sep 2009
The term ‘apocalypse’ denotes a particular literary type found in the literature of ancient Judaism, characterized by claims to offer visions or other disclosures of divine mysteries ... More

Apocalypticism, Millenarianism, and Messianism  

Lutz Greisiger

Print publication date:
Oct 2015
Online publication date:
Nov 2015
Apocalyptic phenomena and discourses run as a thread through Jewish, Christian, and Muslim history, playing a lead role during times of transition and ferment. Apocalyptic phenomena ... More

Apologetics  

Mark Edwards

Print publication date:
Sep 2008
Online publication date:
Sep 2009
In Greek forensic usage, an ‘apology’ (apologia) is a formal speech on behalf of the defendant. The first surviving works to bear this title professed to be records of the speech delivered ... More

The Apologia  

Jan Marten Ivo Klaver

Print publication date:
Oct 2018
Online publication date:
Nov 2018
John Henry Newman’s autobiographical Apologia pro vita sua is generally seen as the book that rehabilitated his public reputation for integrity. This chapter retraces Newman’s handling of ... More

Aquinas and Atheism  

Brian Davies

Print publication date:
Nov 2013
Online publication date:
Dec 2013
This essay aims to explain what Aquinas does and does not mean when using the word ‘God’. It also tries to explain why Aquinas thinks it reasonable to conclude that God exists and how ... More

Arius and Arians  

J. Rebecca Lyman

Print publication date:
Sep 2008
Online publication date:
Sep 2009
Although the teachings of Arius of Alexandria sparked a series of theological debates and church councils in the fourth century concerning the nature and redemptive activity of God, ... More

The Arts  

Roger Lundin

Print publication date:
Dec 2010
Online publication date:
Jan 2011
Whether we are trying to judge issues of immediate interest or fathom matters of long-standing concern, history gives us the key for understanding the complex and often tangled ... More

The Ascetic Tradition  

Marcus Plested

Print publication date:
Mar 2015
Online publication date:
Jul 2015
It is unquestionable that Maximus’ own experience of ascetic life and immersion in ascetic literature profoundly shaped his theological vision and endeavour. This chapter attempts to ... More

Asceticism  

Rebecca Krawiec

Print publication date:
Sep 2008
Online publication date:
Sep 2009
This article explores an abstract concept, ‘asceticism’. Two obstacles immediately present themselves to an overview of the role of asceticism in shaping early Christian studies: the lack ... More

Augustine on the Trinity  

Lewis Ayres

Print publication date:
Oct 2011
Online publication date:
Jan 2012
This article offers a positive exposition of Augustine's mature Trinitarian theology that builds on the best of recent scholarship. It describes the Trinitarian theology of Augustine as ... More

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