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Ancient Jewish and Early Christian Millennialism  

James D. Tabor

Print publication date:
Oct 2011
Online publication date:
Jan 2012
This article focuses on ancient Jewish and early Christian millennialism, which are found to be intrinsically inconsistent—there are no specific pointers towards marking the end of time; ... More

Annihilationism  

Clark H. Pinnock

Print publication date:
Dec 2007
Online publication date:
Sep 2009
In Christian theology, annihilationism designates the views of those who hold that the finally impenitent wicked will cease to exist after (or soon after) the last judgment. Annihilation ... More

Armageddon in Christian, Sunni, and Shia Traditions  

Michael A. Sells

Print publication date:
Jan 2013
Online publication date:
Mar 2013
This chapter, which looks at the actual or alleged cases of apocalypticism within contemporary Iranian Shi'ite, Saudi Sunni, and American Christian circles, evaluates the issue of ... More

Catholics  

Kevin P. Spicer

Print publication date:
Nov 2010
Online publication date:
Jan 2011
Catholic and Protestant churches were on-lookers and sometimes worse, as their responses to persecution included forms of inaction that spilled over into complicity. Beginning with an ... More

Chinese Millennial Movements  

Scott Lowe

Print publication date:
Oct 2011
Online publication date:
Jan 2012
Class apathy and a selective process of record keeping created fertile grounds for uprise in China. This article throws light on two of the earliest millennialist movements in China, ... More

Christianity  

Stephen R. Haynes

Print publication date:
Nov 2010
Online publication date:
Jan 2011
Without Christianity and its centuries-long hostility toward Jews and Judaism, the Holocaust scarcely would have been possible. What difference has that recognition made to Christian ... More

Christianity and Torture  

Karen L. King

Print publication date:
Jan 2013
Online publication date:
Mar 2013
This chapter considers the religious justifications for and against torture. It also describes the torturous narratives at Christianity's foundations, the notion of redemptive martyrdom, ... More

Eschatology and Politics  

Stephen H. Webb

Print publication date:
Dec 2007
Online publication date:
Sep 2009
No theologian has done more to show the political significance of eschatology than Jürgen Moltmann. For Moltmann, the subject matter of all theology should be focused on hope, and ... More

Fragile Millennial Communities and Violence  

John Walliss

Print publication date:
Oct 2011
Online publication date:
Jan 2012
This article focuses on the twin factors of millenialist predisposition towards violence and the crossover from a volatile disposition to the actual practice of violence. It reviews the ... More

Just War and Legal Restraints  

John Kelsay

Print publication date:
Jan 2013
Online publication date:
Mar 2013
This chapter offers an older notion of just war, particularly as it developed in relation to the changing place of Christianity in Europe and North America. The just war idea presents a ... More

Medieval Jewry In Christendom  

Ram Ben-Shalom

Print publication date:
Dec 2004
Online publication date:
Sep 2009
This article begins in the early Middle Ages, and specifically addresses questions concerning the economic and political situation of Jewry in Western Europe. The period of the high Middle ... More

Millennial and Apocalyptic Movements in Africa  

Rosalind I. J. Hackett

Print publication date:
Oct 2011
Online publication date:
Jan 2012
This article describes African millennialism, which is a blend of traces of Christianity, Islam, and indigenous religions. Prolonged suppression and suffering under colonial exploitation ... More

Millennialism in the Caribbean  

Barry Chevannes

Print publication date:
Oct 2011
Online publication date:
Jan 2012
The Rastafari of Jamaica represents the main millennial force in the Caribbean, which derives its impetus from European racism. This article deals with the advent of the Rastafari movement ... More

Millennialism on the Radical Right in America  

Michael Barkun

Print publication date:
Oct 2011
Online publication date:
Jan 2012
Millennialism is a prime philosophical resource pool for the American extreme right. The racial factor being central to the rightist affair and three basic tendencies nourish it: Christian ... More

Millennialism, Scripture, and Tradition  

Eugene V. Gallagher

Print publication date:
Oct 2011
Online publication date:
Jan 2012
Millennialism encourages interpretation of historical or religious scriptures. A need to establish relevance between ancient scriptures and contemporary situations, makes such ... More

Progressive Millennialism  

W. Michael Ashcraft

Print publication date:
Oct 2011
Online publication date:
Jan 2012
Millennial optimism finds its expression in the progressive brand. It believes in a “changed” world wherein everything is in their ideal state. It is not expressly non-violent or in any ... More

Protestants  

Robert P. Ericksen

Print publication date:
Nov 2010
Online publication date:
Jan 2011
This article examines the so-called Kirchenkampf (Church Struggle) waged by German Protestants in the Third Reich. It shows that it hardly represented forthright opposition to the Nazi ... More

Radical Millennial Movements in Contemporary Judaism in Israel  

Yaakov Ariel

Print publication date:
Oct 2011
Online publication date:
Jan 2012
Repeated defeats at the hands of the Romans and the subsequent pan-European migration made the Jewish people pragmatic and their religion, rid off radical traits, with the exception of ... More

Religion and Violence in Christian Traditions  

Lloyd Steffen

Print publication date:
Jan 2013
Online publication date:
Mar 2013
This chapter investigates the theological justifications for violence within the sources of the Christian traditions, and also reports the symbolic representations of violence in the ... More

Religion in the Balkan Wars  

Vjekoslav Perica

This article examines the roles of the Serbian Orthodox Church, the Catholic Church in Croatia, and the Islamic religious authority of Bosnia and Herzegovina in the 1991–1995 war inWestern ... More

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