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Aquinas and Atheism  

Brian Davies

Print publication date:
Nov 2013
Online publication date:
Dec 2013
This essay aims to explain what Aquinas does and does not mean when using the word ‘God’. It also tries to explain why Aquinas thinks it reasonable to conclude that God exists and how ... More

Armageddon in Christian, Sunni, and Shia Traditions  

Michael A. Sells

Print publication date:
Jan 2013
Online publication date:
Mar 2013
This chapter, which looks at the actual or alleged cases of apocalypticism within contemporary Iranian Shi'ite, Saudi Sunni, and American Christian circles, evaluates the issue of ... More

The Bible and Ethics  

M. Daniel Carroll R. and Darrell L. Bock

Print publication date:
Dec 2010
Online publication date:
Jan 2011
Christians have always believed that the Bible is the most important resource for thinking about the moral life of individual believers and their communities. Many different kinds of ... More

The Bible in Ethics  

Eryl W. Davies

Print publication date:
Feb 2008
Online publication date:
Sep 2009
This article begins with a discussion of the methodological issues faced by scholars of ethics in the Old Testament and New Testament. It then identifies the basis of Old Testament ethics ... More

C. S. Lewis  

Cath Filmer-Davies

Print publication date:
Mar 2009
Online publication date:
Sep 2009
Often referred to as the greatest Anglican apologist of modern times, C. S. Lewis is also regarded as a ‘popular’ theologian. His theology seems to be primarily encapsulated in his ... More

Christianity and Torture  

Karen L. King

Print publication date:
Jan 2013
Online publication date:
Mar 2013
This chapter considers the religious justifications for and against torture. It also describes the torturous narratives at Christianity's foundations, the notion of redemptive martyrdom, ... More

Clergy and American Politics  

Laura R. Olson

Print publication date:
Aug 2009
Online publication date:
Jan 2010
This article observes the central currents in the literature on politics and clergy. The first section centers on charting a short historical map of scholarship on clergy and politics. It ... More

Divine Action and Evolution  

Robin Collins

Print publication date:
Mar 2011
Online publication date:
Sep 2009
This article addresses the question of what God's ultimate purposes might be for creating the world, focusing particularly on what His purpose might have been in creating the world via a ... More

Early Christian Ethics  

Francine Cardman

Print publication date:
Sep 2008
Online publication date:
Sep 2009
This survey of early Christian ethics as an emerging field of study with multiple investigators, interests, methodologies, and subjects has pointed out significant developments that are ... More

Ethos and Community  

David G. Horrell

Online publication date:
Apr 2014
Paul saw himself as apostle to the Gentiles, and his mission consisted in founding communities of believers in cities across the Roman Empire. This chapter first outlines recent ... More

Evil and The God of Love  

Eric Ziolkowski

Print publication date:
Mar 2009
Online publication date:
Sep 2009
Posed by the character Philo in David Hume's Dialogues Concerning Natural Religion, questions about God that find their source in Epicurus crystallize the traditional philosophical ... More

The Framework for Christian Living: Luther on the Christian’s Callings  

Jane E. Strohl

Print publication date:
Apr 2014
Online publication date:
Jun 2014
Luther taught that God calls human beings to live for their neighbours, not for themselves, within the context of the three ‘estates’ which defined medieval society: church, secular ... More

Just War and Legal Restraints  

John Kelsay

Print publication date:
Jan 2013
Online publication date:
Mar 2013
This chapter offers an older notion of just war, particularly as it developed in relation to the changing place of Christianity in Europe and North America. The just war idea presents a ... More

Luther on Marriage, Sexuality, and the Family  

Jane E. Strohl

Print publication date:
Apr 2014
Online publication date:
Jun 2014
Luther moved from viewing marriage as a defence against lust to emphasizing more the blessing of the callings of husband and wife, difficult as they may be. His strong criticism of ... More

Luther on the Church  

David P. Daniel

Print publication date:
Apr 2014
Online publication date:
Jun 2014
The one, holy, catholic, apostolic church, according to Luther, is created and sustained by God’s Word. His ecclesiology is not institutional or structural but soteriological and ... More

Luther’s Theologia Crucis  

Vítor Westhelle

Print publication date:
Apr 2014
Online publication date:
Jan 2014
In his theses for the Heidelberg Disputation (1518) Luther developed his theology of the cross, better, the practice of the theologian of the cross, in contrast to practising a theology of ... More

Luther’s Treatment of Economic Life  

Ricardo Rieth

Print publication date:
Apr 2014
Online publication date:
Jun 2014
Karl Marx launched a significant discussion of Luther’s economic views. Economic historicists, e.g., Wilhelm Roscher, determined much subsequent interpretation of these views, labelling ... More

Luther’s Treatment of Political and Societal Life  

Eike Wolgast

Print publication date:
Apr 2014
Online publication date:
Jun 2014
Luther’s political thought is an expression of his theological convictions. His concepts of God’s kingdom in conflict with Satan’s and the kingdoms or governments of both earthly and ... More

Marriage and Sexual Relations in the New Testament World  

William Loader

Print publication date:
Nov 2014
Online publication date:
Mar 2014
After a brief overview of the social context and role of marriage and sexuality in Jewish and Greco-Roman cultures, the chapter traces the impact of the Genesis creation narratives, ... More

Participation in Christ  

Susan Eastman

Online publication date:
Apr 2014
For Paul, human participation in Christ is inaugurated and sustained by God’s apocalyptic incursion into the realm of sin and death through the incarnation and death of Christ in ... More

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