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African Traditional Religion and Violence  

Nathalie Wlodarczyk

Print publication date:
Jan 2013
Online publication date:
Mar 2013
This chapter analyzes a wide range of African customs and legends. It demonstrates that African traditional religion offers notions of a thriving spirit world which provides “sacred ... More

Anders Nygren's Agape and Eros  

William Werpehowski

Print publication date:
Aug 2007
Online publication date:
Sep 2009
This article analyzes the character of Christian love in Agape and Eros. It considers some major themes on their own terms and whether those terms can bear the fullness of the Gospel ... More

Antisemitism  

Richard S. Levy

Print publication date:
Nov 2010
Online publication date:
Jan 2011
This article addresses the phenomenon of organized antisemitism in the sixty years preceding the “Final Solution,” primarily in Germany but with comparisons to contemporaneous developments ... More

Aquinas and Atheism  

Brian Davies

Print publication date:
Nov 2013
Online publication date:
Dec 2013
This essay aims to explain what Aquinas does and does not mean when using the word ‘God’. It also tries to explain why Aquinas thinks it reasonable to conclude that God exists and how ... More

Arguments for Atheism  

Graham Oppy

Print publication date:
Nov 2013
Online publication date:
Dec 2013
This essay distinguishes three kinds of arguments for atheism: direct; indirect; and comparative. The article begins with a quick survey of direct arguments, and argues that the prospects ... More

Armageddon in Christian, Sunni, and Shia Traditions  

Michael A. Sells

Print publication date:
Jan 2013
Online publication date:
Mar 2013
This chapter, which looks at the actual or alleged cases of apocalypticism within contemporary Iranian Shi'ite, Saudi Sunni, and American Christian circles, evaluates the issue of ... More

Art, Morality, and Justice  

John W. de Gruchy

Print publication date:
Feb 2014
Online publication date:
Feb 2014
This article examines visual art and its relationship with morality and justice. It first considers justice-related ethical issues raised by the relationship between art and morality, ... More

Atheism and Morality  

Erik J. Wielenberg

Print publication date:
Nov 2013
Online publication date:
Dec 2013
This essay addresses two popular worries about morality in an atheistic context. The first is a psychological or sociological one: the worry that unbelief makes one more disposed to act ... More

Atheism and Societal Health  

Phil Zuckerman

Print publication date:
Nov 2013
Online publication date:
Oct 2013
This article examines the strong correlation that currently exists between high levels of secularity in a given society positive societal well-being. By looking at the most and least ... More

Atheism and the Meaningfulness of Life  

Kimberly A. Blessing

Print publication date:
Nov 2013
Online publication date:
Dec 2013
Both theists and atheists have attempted to show that their opponent’s orientation towards religion prevents them from living truly meaningful lives. But exclusivists on both sides are ... More

Atonement  

Simeon Zahl

Print publication date:
Feb 2013
Online publication date:
Jun 2013
This chapter discusses three developments in European that had a profound effect on the Christian concept of atonement, the first of which is the enormous impact of the Enlightenment, in particular ... More

Being and Its Other: Suicide in Buddhist Ethics  

Martin Kovan

Print publication date:
Mar 2018
Online publication date:
Apr 2018
As in many other religious and ethical traditions, the status of suicide in Buddhism is contested and ambiguous, from the earliest Pāli record through to twentieth-century Mahāyāna praxes, ... More

Bhikṣuṇī Ordination  

Bhikkhu Analayo

Print publication date:
Mar 2018
Online publication date:
Apr 2018
This chapter examines the legal details surrounding the full ordination of women into the Buddhist monastic traditions. These legal details need be appreciated in order to understand ... More

The Bible and Ethics  

M. Daniel Carroll R. and Darrell L. Bock

Print publication date:
Dec 2010
Online publication date:
Jan 2011
Christians have always believed that the Bible is the most important resource for thinking about the moral life of individual believers and their communities. Many different kinds of ... More

The Bible in Ethics  

Eryl W. Davies

Print publication date:
Feb 2008
Online publication date:
Sep 2009
This article begins with a discussion of the methodological issues faced by scholars of ethics in the Old Testament and New Testament. It then identifies the basis of Old Testament ethics ... More

The Bodhisattva Precepts  

Paul Groner

Print publication date:
Mar 2018
Online publication date:
Apr 2018
This chapter has two major goals. The first is to introduce some of the major sets of bodhisattva precepts and to discuss their significance in both India and East Asia while paying ... More

Buddhism and Animal Rights  

Paul Waldau

Print publication date:
Mar 2018
Online publication date:
Apr 2018
The Buddhist tradition is justifiably known for its commitment to the primacy of ethical reflection. On the issue of nonhuman animals, the tradition-wide commitment to an undertaking to ... More

Buddhism and Sexuality  

Amy Paris Langenberg

Print publication date:
Mar 2018
Online publication date:
Apr 2018
In surveying the discursive landscape of ancient, classical, and medieval Indo-Tibetan Buddhist sexual ethics, this chapter takes a Foucauldian approach that holds Buddhist sexual norms ... More

Buddhism and Women  

Alice Collett

Print publication date:
Mar 2018
Online publication date:
Apr 2018
This chapter addresses the question of whether it can ever be doctrinally or ethically appropriate in Buddhism to discriminate against women. It does this by assessing arguments for female ... More

Buddhism, War, and Violence  

Michael Jerryson

Print publication date:
Mar 2018
Online publication date:
Apr 2018
This chapter reviews Buddhist approaches to war and violence. Because ethics is the basis by which people make choices, the chapter’s focus is not purely on scriptures, but rather on the ... More

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