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The areal dimension of grammaticalization  

Bernd Heine and Tania Kuteva

Print publication date:
Oct 2011
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
This article describes the areal dimension of grammaticalisation resulting from language contact. It shows that grammaticalisation is a ubiquitous process in language contact which may ... More

Assessing the role of contact in the history of English  

Raymond Hickey

Print publication date:
Nov 2012
Online publication date:
Nov 2012
Language contact has long been the subject of extensive research in linguistics, but has recently been the object of increased attention by scholars working on both the history of English ... More

The Bilingual Lexicon  

Judith F. Kroll and Ton Dijkstra

Print publication date:
Sep 2010
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
How do bilinguals recognize and speak words in each of their two languages? Past research on the bilingual lexicon focused on the questions of whether bilinguals represent words in each ... More

Bilingualism and Child Phonology  

Conxita Lleó

The present article poses some fundamental questions related to bilingualism and to the acquisition of two phonological components, by very young children. It discusses different types of ... More

Borrowing  

Maarten Kossmann

Print publication date:
Sep 2013
Online publication date:
Dec 2013
This article discusses borrowing—mainly lexical borrowing—in relation to Arabic. It first provides a brief introduction to early loans in Arabic. Then it considers borrowing in written ... More

Case and Contact Linguistics  

Lars Johanson

Print publication date:
Nov 2008
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
Language contact affects case categories in various ways. This article examines the effects of contacts between linguistic codes (languages, unrelated or related, or language varieties): ... More

Codeswitching and Related Issues Involving Arabic  

Abdelali Bentahila, Eirlys Davies, and Jonathan Owens

Print publication date:
Sep 2013
Online publication date:
Dec 2013
Bilingual speech involving Arabic has been an important source of linguistic research on the language. The greater part of this research has involved Arabic in contact with other ... More

Contact in the African area: A Southern African perspective  

Ana Deumert and Rajend Mesthrie

Print publication date:
Nov 2012
Online publication date:
Nov 2012
This article explores language contact in the African area, with particular focus on Southern Africa. It first looks at the formal features of English in Africa that show the complexities ... More

Contact in the Asian arena  

Lisa Lim and Umberto Ansaldo

Print publication date:
Nov 2012
Online publication date:
Nov 2012
A consideration of the Asian region in the history of English must view the element of contact in multilingual contexts as probably the most significant phenomenon affecting the ... More

Contact-induced change in English worldwide  

Edgar W. Schneider

Print publication date:
Nov 2012
Online publication date:
Nov 2012
Over the past few hundred years, and for the last few decades in particular, English has come into contact with a wide range of different languages across the globe due to colonial ... More

Creole Languages  

Donald Winford

Print publication date:
May 2012
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
Bickerton (1974, 1981, 1984) claimed that the “prototypical” creole tense-mood-aspect system was made up of two components: an inventory of three categories (anterior tense, irrealis mood, ... More

The Creole Origins Hypothesis  

John R. Rickford

Print publication date:
Jul 2015
Online publication date:
Aug 2015
The creolist hypothesis goes back at least to 1964 when Bill Stewart and Beryl Bailey expressed the view that African American Vernacular English (AAVE) descended from a widespread full ... More

Differential Case Marking of Arguments in Amharic  

Mengistu Amberber

Print publication date:
Nov 2008
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
This article examines the case and agreement systems of Amharic with particular reference to the phenomena of differential subject marking (DSM) and differential object marking (DOM). It ... More

Early English and the Celtic hypothesis  

Raymond Hickey

Print publication date:
Nov 2012
Online publication date:
Nov 2012
This article examines Celtic influence on early Old English, an issue that has recently been debated in detail, and re-examines arguments presented in studies of language contact and ... More

Ecology of Languages  

Peter Mühlhäusler

Print publication date:
Sep 2010
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
The focus of this article is the ecology of languages. The first use of the ecology metaphor in linguistics is found in a paper by Voegelin and Schutz on language varieties, where a ... More

The Emergence of African American English: Monogenetic or Polygenetic? With or Without “Decreolization”? Under How Much Substrate Influence?  

Salikoko S. Mufwene

Print publication date:
Jul 2015
Online publication date:
Aug 2015
African American English is used in this chapter as an umbrella term for Gullah and African American Vernacular English (AAVE) to underscore structural features they share as ... More

The English Origins Hypothesis  

Gerard Van Herk

Print publication date:
Jul 2015
Online publication date:
Aug 2015
This chapter situates the English Origins Hypothesis within academic and public discourses on language, ethnicity, and contact, suggesting that these may have influenced responses to the ... More

Evidentiality and Language Contact  

Alexandra Y. Aikhenvald

Print publication date:
Jan 2018
Online publication date:
Mar 2018
Evidentials, as a grammatical means of overtly expressing information source, play a pivotal role in communication, cognition, and speakers’ status within a community. This accounts for ... More

Grammaticalization and language contact  

Yaron Matras

Print publication date:
Oct 2011
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
This article examines the relation between language contact and grammaticalisation. It argues that the notion of contact-driven grammaticalisation represents an attempt to address these ... More

Historical Phonology and Koinéization  

Daniel Schreier

Print publication date:
Nov 2015
Online publication date:
Dec 2014
This article discusses the role of dialect contact in phonological change, i.e. when varieties of a language are transplanted to colonial settings. Focus is given to both the conditions ... More

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