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Community and Problem-Oriented Policing  

Michael D. Reisig

Print publication date:
Sep 2011
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
This article is divided into five sections. Section I provides an overview of community and problem-oriented policing, highlighting the key of elements of the two approaches. Section II ... More

Community Policing  

Gary Cordner

Print publication date:
Apr 2014
Online publication date:
Apr 2014
This essay discusses community policing: what it is, why it became so popular in the late twentieth century, difficulties in its implementation, evidence on its effectiveness, and future ... More

Crime and Policing in Wartime  

Clive Emsley

Print publication date:
May 2016
Online publication date:
Jul 2016
War affects combatant societies and societies trampled over by warring armies and smashed by their munitions in a variety of ways. This chapter draws out some of these effects with respect ... More

Detectives and Forensic Science: The Professionalization of Police Detection  

Haia Shpayer-Makov

Print publication date:
May 2016
Online publication date:
Jul 2016
This exploratory essay outlines various pivotal trends in the professionalization of police detection in England, France, and the United States from the mid-eighteenth century to the ... More

Ethnographies of Policing  

Peter K. Manning

Print publication date:
Apr 2014
Online publication date:
Apr 2014
What do we know about what police do and how they do it? Ethnography, or the close-up study of culture and how meaning is produced, distributed and understood, has a long history in social ... More

High Crime Places, Times, and Offenders  

Anthony A. Braga

Print publication date:
Mar 2012
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
This article assesses the theoretical and empirical evidence on the concentration of crime in a small number of places and times, and the concentration of offending among a small number of ... More

High-Visibility Policing: Policing on Camera and the Crisis of Police Legitimacy  

Ajay Sandhu and Kevin D. Haggerty

The public now expects that police work will be video recorded. This challenges the foundational axiom that police work is a “low-visibility” occupation. Technological and social ... More

A Historical Perspective on Criminal Justice Responses to Female and Male Offending  

Barry Godfrey

Print publication date:
May 2014
Online publication date:
Jul 2014
This essay provides a historical overview of the ways in which gender has influenced the criminal justice system’s responses to offending in Western societies. It discusses the factors ... More

Honor Killings  

Dietrich Oberwittler and Julia Kasselt

Print publication date:
May 2014
Online publication date:
Jul 2014
Honor killings are an extreme type of gendered domestic violence, with peculiar characteristics related to the social and cultural traditions of tribal, patriarchal societies. The killings ... More

Illegal Immigration and Local Policing  

Melanie A. Taylor, Scott H. Decker, Doris M. Provine, Paul G. Lewis, and Monica W. Varsanyi

Print publication date:
Apr 2014
Online publication date:
Apr 2014
This essay examines variation in the response of local police to undocumented immigrants. The essay begins with a review of the history of law enforcement responses to immigration. ... More

Legitimacy and Lawful Policing  

Sanja Kutnjak Ivković

Print publication date:
Sep 2011
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
This article is organized as follows. Section I focuses on the concept of police legitimacy, exploring it from the police agency perspective (i.e., why people obey the authority), and ... More

Local Police and the “War” on Terrorism  

Brian Forst

Print publication date:
Apr 2014
Online publication date:
Apr 2014
The problem of terrorism has raised a host of questions about how police should respond to the new threat, foremost of which is this: What is the responsibility of the police for ... More

Order Maintenance Policing  

David E. Thacher

Print publication date:
Apr 2014
Online publication date:
Apr 2014
Order maintenance is the police role in defining and regulating the fair use of public spaces, and it has been a central aspect of police work since the inception of modern police ... More

The Origins of “Modern” Policing  

Mark Finnane

Print publication date:
May 2016
Online publication date:
Jul 2016
The public police is an inseparable part of the modern state, and the origins and development of the ideas of police, policing, and their institutional locations have been the subject of ... More

Police Administrative Records as Social Science Data  

Matthew J. Hickman

Print publication date:
Apr 2014
Online publication date:
Apr 2014
Public knowledge about the administrative management of police departments, as well as their use of force patterns, remains vague due to limitations on police department capacities—and in ... More

Police and Crime Control  

Lawrence W. Sherman

Print publication date:
Sep 2011
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
This article examines the growing gap between evidence and practice in democratic policing, primarily in the English-speaking nations (especially the United States, the United Kingdom, and ... More

Police and Offender Choices: A Framework  

John E. Eck and Tamara D. Madensen

Print publication date:
Jul 2017
Online publication date:
Jun 2017
Police influence on offender choices has largely been described in terms of general and specific deterrence. This chapter expands this description by examining the quantity and quality of ... More

Police Authority in Liberal-Consent Democracies: A Case for Anti-Authoritarian Cops  

Willem de Lint

Print publication date:
Apr 2014
Online publication date:
Apr 2014
In this essay, the grounding of police authority in consent is revisited in a call for anti-authoritarian policing. A longstanding tenet of the legitimate exercise of authority is its ... More

Police Coercion  

William Terrill

Print publication date:
Apr 2014
Online publication date:
Apr 2014
This essay examines police use of force across a variety of contexts, including the numerous ways coercion has been conceptualized and defined, how often the police resort to coercive ... More

Police Legitimacy  

Justice Tankebe

Print publication date:
Apr 2014
Online publication date:
Apr 2014
Legitimacy is now a stable topic in police studies. The weight of the evidence from various empirical studies is that public perceptions of police legitimacy (measured mainly in terms of ... More

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