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Amulets and the Ritual Efficacy of Christian Symbols  

Rangar H. Cline

Online publication date:
Jan 2019
Although “magical” amulets are often overlooked in studies of early Christian material culture, they provide unique insight into the lives of early Christians. The high number of amulets ... More

An Anarchéologie of Icons  

Glenn Peers

This chapter examines the development of a distinctive early Christian genre: the icon. It does so by taking a relatively unknown, but important, example of a devotional panel in a U.S. ... More

Animate Shadows of Bears and Giants  

Kevin Conti and William Walker

This chapter explores the performance of light and shadows in two ancestral Pueblo rock art sites in southeast Utah. These sites possess anthropomorphic rock faces and modified features to ... More

Approaching Medieval Sacrality  

M. A. Hall

Print publication date:
Jan 2018
Online publication date:
Feb 2018
Creating, inviting, and repurposing sacrality was a fundamental quest of social behaviour in the medieval period. From the major shrines of cathedrals down to the portable sanctity of ... More

Archaeology of Early Christianity in Egypt  

Darlene L. Brooks Hedstrom

This chapter discusses the evolution of scholarly interest in Christian antiquities in Egypt after 1900. The archaeology of early Christianity developed much later than the field of ... More

The Archaeology of Early Italian Churches in Context, 313–569 CE  

Alexandra Chavarría Arnau

The archaeology of early Christian churches has made important advancements in recent decades in Italy thanks to a large number of new excavations and scientific meetings, as well as the ... More

The Archaeology of Early Monastic Communities  

Darlene L. Brooks Hedstrom

Online publication date:
Jan 2019
This chapter discusses new developments in the field of monastic archaeology and the archaeology of early monastic settlements. The presence of monastic communities in documentary and ... More

An Archaeology of Pilgrimage  

Peter Yeoman

Print publication date:
Jan 2018
Online publication date:
Feb 2018
An understanding of medieval pilgrimage can be informed by the application of archaeological approaches to the physical evidence. This chapter outlines the evidence of pilgrimage within ... More

Archaeology of the Gospels  

James F. Strange

Online publication date:
Jan 2019
This chapter discusses the archaeology of the New Testament as applied to Jesus and the gospels. The aim is to create a reliable social, economic, and material history of the origins and ... More

Armenia  

Christina Maranci

The fourth to seventh centuries were formative in the art and culture of Armenia. This era witnessed the conversion of the land to Christianity, the invention of the Armenian alphabet and ... More

The Art of the Catacombs  

Fabrizio Bisconti

The art of the catacombs was born in Rome between the second and third centuries and is manifested especially in the pictorial decorations of the cubicula and other hypogeal environments. ... More

Asia Minor  

Peter Talloen

The early Christian archaeology of Asia Minor has recently developed into a discipline devoted to the contextualized study of the material remains of early Christianity. It has ... More

Aztec Domestic Ritual  

Lisa Overholtzer

Print publication date:
Jan 2017
Online publication date:
Dec 2016
Ethnohistoric evidence emphasizes the role of women in ritualized Aztec household practices and religion that were concerned not only with household maintenance or fertility but also with ... More

The Aztec Ritual Landscape  

Leon Garcia Garagarza

Print publication date:
Jan 2017
Online publication date:
Dec 2016
This chapter analyzes the basic features of the Aztec ritual landscape as a historical construct that legitimized the social order and provided the models of territorial legitimacy and ... More

The Aztecs and the Catholic Church  

Louise M. Burkhart

Print publication date:
Jan 2017
Online publication date:
Dec 2016
Under Spanish rule, Nahuas underwent evangelization by friars of the Mendicant orders. Most people accepted baptism and learned at least basic Roman Catholic doctrine. To stay in power, ... More

Baptisteries in Ancient Sites and Rites  

H. Richard Rutherford

Online publication date:
Jan 2019
The archaeology of ancient Christian baptisteries, purpose-built venues for the initiation of new Christians, opens new avenues to study early Christianity. Through consideration of ... More

Baths, Christianity, and Bathing Culture in Late Antiquity  

Dallas DeForest

Online publication date:
Jan 2019
Public bathing remained integral to social and daily life throughout Late Antiquity. This chapter explores how Christians used and received baths at this time by addressing the complex ... More

The Beautiful Face of Ra: The Role of Sunlight in the Architecture of Ancient Egypt  

Giulio Magli

In the famous projects of ancient Egyptian architecture, sunlight had always a special role. An expert use of light and shadows helped in creating halls filled with sacredness in many ... More

Bodies Revealed: X-ray Art in Western Arnhem Land  

Luke Taylor

This chapter examines X-ray art in western Arnhem Land in northern Australia, considering how relatively contemporary artists used it to enrich the meaning of their work. After discussing ... More

Britain and Ireland, 100–700 CE  

David Petts

This chapter reviews the evidence for the archaeology of early Christianity in Britain and Ireland. Here, the church had its origins in the areas that lay within the Roman Empire in the ... More

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