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The Abrahamic Religions as a Modern Concept  

Mark Silk

Print publication date:
Oct 2015
Online publication date:
Nov 2015
The modern concept of the Abrahamic religions has roots in Christian theology, the academic study of the Near East, and the study of Islam. In the nineteenth century, Protestant ... More

Ancient Jewish and Early Christian Millennialism  

James D. Tabor

Print publication date:
Oct 2011
Online publication date:
Jan 2012
This article focuses on ancient Jewish and early Christian millennialism, which are found to be intrinsically inconsistent—there are no specific pointers towards marking the end of time; ... More

Ancient Versions and Textual Transmission of the Old Testament  

Gerard J. Norton

Print publication date:
Feb 2008
Online publication date:
Sep 2009
This article first gives a schematic outline of the history of the Hebrew text in four stages. It then presents the elements that readers will meet in modern editions of that text. These ... More

Apocalyptic  

Philip Davies

Print publication date:
Feb 2008
Online publication date:
Sep 2009
In the Old Testament, apocalyptic literature (or simply ‘apocalyptic’, as the genre is often called) might not seem to occupy a prominent place. Only the book of Daniel falls into this ... More

Apocalypticism, Millenarianism, and Messianism  

Lutz Greisiger

Print publication date:
Oct 2015
Online publication date:
Nov 2015
Apocalyptic phenomena and discourses run as a thread through Jewish, Christian, and Muslim history, playing a lead role during times of transition and ferment. Apocalyptic phenomena ... More

Archaeology  

John R. Bartlett

Print publication date:
Feb 2008
Online publication date:
Sep 2009
This article discusses archaeology's impact on biblical scholarship, especially over the last two centuries. It describes the Christian pilgrims, explorers, travellers, map makers, and ... More

Archaeology  

John R. Bartlett

Print publication date:
Feb 2008
Online publication date:
Sep 2009
This article discusses the contributions of archaeology to biblical scholarship. Biblical scholarship needs the archaeologist as it needs the anthropologist, the epigraphist, the ... More

Authority of Scripture, Tradition, and the Church  

Richard Swinburne

Print publication date:
Mar 2011
Online publication date:
Sep 2009
Christianity, Islam, and Judaism all claim that God has given humans a revelation. Divine revelation may be either of God, or by God of propositional truth. Traditionally Christianity has ... More

Authors, Books, and Readers in the Ancient World  

Alan Millard

Print publication date:
Feb 2008
Online publication date:
Sep 2009
This article discusses authorship, books, and readers in Old Testament and New Testament times. In the Old Testament world, authorship is necessarily admitted in letters, and related to ... More

The Bible in Ethics  

Eryl W. Davies

Print publication date:
Feb 2008
Online publication date:
Sep 2009
This article begins with a discussion of the methodological issues faced by scholars of ethics in the Old Testament and New Testament. It then identifies the basis of Old Testament ethics ... More

Bible Reading and/after Theory  

Valentine Cunningham

Print publication date:
Jan 2011
Online publication date:
May 2011
The nature of modern Bible study changed in or about September 1969 when the French Catholic Association for the Study of the Bible got the already renommé structuralist Roland Barthes to ... More

Biblical Theology  

Bernd Janowski

Print publication date:
Feb 2008
Online publication date:
Sep 2009
This article gives an overview of the basic problems in biblical theology from the point of view of how they have developed since the beginnings of biblical theological work in the ... More

Canon  

Lee Martin McDonald

Print publication date:
Feb 2008
Online publication date:
Sep 2009
This article examines the notion of canon in antiquity and its application to the writings that eventually received canonical recognition in the Jewish and Christian communities of faith. ... More

Catholics  

Kevin P. Spicer

Print publication date:
Nov 2010
Online publication date:
Jan 2011
Catholic and Protestant churches were on-lookers and sometimes worse, as their responses to persecution included forms of inaction that spilled over into complicity. Beginning with an ... More

Christianity  

Stephen R. Haynes

Print publication date:
Nov 2010
Online publication date:
Jan 2011
Without Christianity and its centuries-long hostility toward Jews and Judaism, the Holocaust scarcely would have been possible. What difference has that recognition made to Christian ... More

The Concept of the Abrahamic Religions, Problems and Pitfalls  

Rémi Brague

Print publication date:
Oct 2015
Online publication date:
Nov 2015
This chapter examines such current expressions as ‘the three monotheisms’, ‘the three religions of Abraham’, and ‘the three religions of the book’, points to their falsity and the dangers ... More

Daniel  

John J. Collins

Print publication date:
Jan 2011
Online publication date:
May 2011
This article surveys the outline, form, and content of the Book of Daniel. The Book of Daniel is found among the Writings in the Hebrew Bible, but appears as fourth among the Major ... More

Dietary Law  

David M. Freidenreich

Print publication date:
Oct 2015
Online publication date:
Nov 2015
This survey of Jewish, Christian, and Islamic dietary law finds no recognition within pre-modern sources of the biblical or familial affinities implied by the contemporary term Abrahamic. ... More

The Doctrine of God in Jewish-Christian Dialogue  

Ellen T. Charry

Print publication date:
Oct 2011
Online publication date:
Jan 2012
This article explores the Jewish-Christian dialogue regarding the doctrine of God. It examines two encounters that occurred during the patristic and medieval periods and two encounters ... More

Exodus in Early Twentieth‐Century America: Charles Reynolds Brown and Lawrence Langner  

Scott M. Langston

Print publication date:
Jan 2011
Online publication date:
May 2011
The questions scholars are raising in regard to the biblical text are changing. With increasing frequency biblical scholars are asking, ‘What does the Bible do’?, in recognition that the ... More

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