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Après nous, le déluge: Belgium, Decolonization, and the Congo  

Matthew G. Stanard

Online publication date:
Aug 2017
This chapter identifies and develops several themes that have emerged in recent works on the end of Belgium’s empire. The first is how, before 1960, factors mainly endogenous to the Congo ... More

At the Crossroads: Mining and Political Change on the Katangese-Zambian Copperbelt  

Miles Larmer

Online publication date:
Jul 2016
The Copperbelt region of Central Africa sits at the crossroads of political borders, trade corridors, migratory flows, and identity formations. The division of the region by a ... More

Britain and decolonization in an Era of Global Change  

Sarah Elizabeth Stockwell

Online publication date:
Aug 2017
This chapter considers processes of decolonization in Britain’s ‘empires’, incorporating discussion not just of the key dynamics and manifestations of decolonization in the colonial empire ... More

The Collapse of the Romanov Empire  

Alexey Miller

Online publication date:
Aug 2017
This chapter considers the changing approaches adopted after the October Revolution towards Russia’s ethnic minority populations alongside efforts to construct a shared Russian or Soviet ... More

Comparative Slavery  

Enrico Dal Lago

Print publication date:
Jul 2010
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
This article first briefly reviews the historiography of comparative slavery, so as to identify the main trends and changes it went through. It then provides a summary of the state of the ... More

Diplomacy  

Hamish Scott

Print publication date:
Nov 2011
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
The era of the French Revolution, and specifically the later 1780s and 1790s, saw the modern meanings first of “diplomatic” and then “diplomacy” become established in the political ... More

Diplomacy and World War: The (First) Axis of Evil  

H. James Burgwyn

Print publication date:
Oct 2010
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
This article examines the essence of Mussolini's foreign policy and Italy in the Second World War. Adolf Hitler and Benito Mussolini were dreamers who indulged in a mysticism of empire and ... More

The Eclipse of Empire in China: From the Manchus to Mao  

Tehyun Ma

Online publication date:
Aug 2017
China’s end of empire, as elsewhere, was a protracted process, the ramifications of which are still being felt, and its imperial situation was especially complex. From the middle of the ... More

The End of Empire in the Maghreb: The Common Heritage and Distinct Destinies of Morocco, Algeria, and Tunisia  

Sylvie Thénault

Online publication date:
Aug 2017
This chapter devotes itself to explaining the dichotomy in the paths to decolonization followed by the French territories in the North African Maghreb: Morocco and Tunisia, compared to ... More

Eugenics and the State: Policy-Making in Comparative Perspective  

Véronique Mottier

Print publication date:
Sep 2010
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
This article proposes to shift the focus from eugenic science to its translation into concrete policy practices, adopting a comparative perspective. It draws on examples of eugenic ... More

Europe and Russia in World History  

Bonnie G. Smith and Donald R. Kelley

Print publication date:
Mar 2011
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
This article discusses ancient Europa; national states; Renaissance innovations; imperial Europe; twentieth-century global warfare; the downfall of empires; and global migration and ... More

Fascism and Catholicism  

J. F. Pollard

Print publication date:
Oct 2010
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
The first fascist movement to come to power, Italian fascism, did so in a country that was 99 per cent Catholic and the seat of the papacy, and ‘clerical fascist’ movements came to power ... More

Geopolitics and the Cold War  

Geoffrey Warner

Print publication date:
Jan 2013
Online publication date:
Jan 2013
This chapter examines the geopolitical aspect of the Cold War. It discusses the origin of the term “geopolitics,” and investigates how and why relations between the United States and the ... More

International Institutions  

Amy L. Sayward

Print publication date:
Jan 2013
Online publication date:
Jan 2013
This chapter explores the role of international institutions during the Cold War. It explains that while international institutions promoted their own agendas for global action, they also ... More

International Interventions in Nationalist Disputes  

Richard Caplan

Print publication date:
Mar 2013
Online publication date:
May 2013
This chapter examines historical developments in relation to international interventions in nationalist disputes. It focuses on developments since the Second World War, with particular ... More

International Society, State Sovereignty, and National Self-Determination  

James Mayall

Print publication date:
Mar 2013
Online publication date:
May 2013
The idea of an international society of sovereign states predates the era of nationalism and the elevation of the principle of the self-determination of people to its present status as an ... More

Internationalism, Cosmopolitanism, and Eugenics  

Alison Bashford

Print publication date:
Sep 2010
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
The strong connection between eugenics and nationalism is now a clear interpretive strand in the historiography. This article discusses various studies of eugenics and emphasizes the ... More

Introduction: Towards a Global History of Communism  

Stephen A. Smith

Print publication date:
Jan 2014
Online publication date:
Dec 2013
The introduction offers a ‘global’ survey of the history of communism not only in the geographical sense but also in the sense of seeking to integrate history from above and history from ... More

Locating The Transnational in the Cold War  

Penny Von Eschen

Print publication date:
Jan 2013
Online publication date:
Jan 2013
This chapter examines the role of the transnational in the Cold War. It suggests that Cold War transnationalism must be considered as a highly specific political and ideological formation, ... More

Nationalism and Globalization  

Jürgen Osterhammel

Print publication date:
Mar 2013
Online publication date:
May 2013
Globalization is a highly contested concept, and its theoretical status and validity continue to be in doubt. To be useful for the historical analysis of nationalism, ‘globalization’ has ... More

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