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Agricultural Production and Environmental History  

Sterling Evans

Print publication date:
Oct 2012
Online publication date:
Nov 2012
The traditional focus of agricultural history has been the study of rural landscapes, societies, and economies, as well as agricultural production and technologies. In contrast, ... More

And All Was Light?—Science and Environmental History  

Michael Lewis

Print publication date:
Oct 2014
Online publication date:
Oct 2014
This chapter examines the role of science in environmental history. Environmental historians use science as a tool for revealing the material past. At the same time, however, they study ... More

Animals and the Intimacy of History  

Brett L. Walker

Print publication date:
Oct 2014
Online publication date:
Oct 2014
In 2005, Kenton Joel Carnegie, a geological engineering student, was attacked and killed by four wolves on a trail near a uranium mine in Saskatchewan. Carnegie’s kill site evokes the many ... More

Beyond Virgin Soils: Disease as Environmental History  

Linda Nash

Print publication date:
Oct 2014
Online publication date:
Oct 2014
Disease has emerged as a key topic in the field of environmental history. This chapter surveys the intersections between histories of disease and environmental history in three key areas: ... More

Beyond Weather: The Culture and Politics of Climate History  

Mark Carey

Print publication date:
Oct 2014
Online publication date:
Oct 2014
This chapter explores the cultural and political dimensions of climate change in the past and present in order to highlight the achievements and limitations of environmental history as a ... More

Boundless Nature: Borders and the Environment in North America and Beyond  

Andrew R. Graybill

Print publication date:
Oct 2014
Online publication date:
Oct 2014
This chapter focuses on recent historical literature that explores the interconnection between borders and the environment in North America and other parts of the world, with emphasis on ... More

Chronic Illness and Disease History  

Carsten Timmermann

Print publication date:
Aug 2011
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
This article discusses that with a new focus on patients and the quality of care, illness experiences have become an important topic in recent years in scholarly and biographical ... More

Confluences of Nature and Culture: Cities in Environmental History  

Lawrence Culver

Print publication date:
Oct 2014
Online publication date:
Oct 2014
This chapter examines the intersection between environmental history and urban history, with emphasis on the place of nature in the city and vice versa. More specifically, it considers the ... More

Conquest to Convalescence: Nature and Nation in United States History  

William Deverell

Print publication date:
Oct 2014
Online publication date:
Oct 2014
This chapter explores the complex relationship between nature and nation in American history. It first considers Philadelphia physician John Kearsley Mitchell’s juxtaposed placement of ... More

Crossing Boundaries: The Environment in International Relations  

Kurk Dorsey

Print publication date:
Oct 2014
Online publication date:
Oct 2014
This chapter examines the development and historiography of environmental diplomacy, broadly defined, and it argues that there are opportunities for environmental and diplomatic historians ... More

Deserts  

Diana K. Davis

Print publication date:
Oct 2014
Online publication date:
Oct 2014
Development in deserts and arid lands, approximately 41 percent of the earth, has met with many failures. This chapter argues that a significant reason for these failures lies in the ... More

The Ecological Atlantic  

J. R. McNeill

Print publication date:
Mar 2011
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
In the Atlantic world in the centuries from 1450 to 1850, tumultuous changes in ecology had outsized impacts on human affairs. Historians have already laid useful foundations for an ... More

Environmental History of the Middle East and North Africa  

Elizabeth Williams

Online publication date:
Jun 2017
While humans have been interacting with and reshaping environments for millennia, the nineteenth, twentieth, and twenty-first centuries have witnessed a shift in the scale of our ... More

In Defense of Mother Earth: Radical Environmentalism and Ecoterrorism in the United States, 1980–2000s  

Keith Mako Woodhouse

Online publication date:
Feb 2014
This chapter considers the definition of ecoterrorism and its close association with radical environmentalism. It focuses in particular on the group Earth First!, the tactic of “tree ... More

The International Environmental Movement and the Cold War  

Richard P. Tucker

Print publication date:
Jan 2013
Online publication date:
Jan 2013
This chapter, which examines the history of the international environmental movement during the Cold War, analyzes the emergence of and tenuous collaboration between the environmental and ... More

Introduction: A New Environmental History  

Andrew C. Isenberg

Print publication date:
Oct 2014
Online publication date:
Oct 2014
The introduction explains that this book focuses on the integration of the insights of environmental history with a host of other subfields of history, such as race, class, gender, ... More

Land and Sea: The Environment  

T. C. Smout

Print publication date:
Jan 2012
Online publication date:
Nov 2012
Sixteenth- and seventeenth-century topographers spoke of the Scottish environment as though it were a given, a gift from a good, but often incomprehensible, God. The food of all life on ... More

Law and the Environment  

Kathleen A. Brosnan

Print publication date:
Oct 2014
Online publication date:
Oct 2014
This chapter examines how legal actors constantly negotiated the balance between individuals’ freedom to use their property and a community’s general welfare as they contemplated the ... More

A Metabolism of Society: Capitalism for Environmental Historians  

Steven Stoll

Print publication date:
Oct 2014
Online publication date:
Oct 2014
This chapter examines the history of capitalism and how environmental historians might better integrate it into their teaching and scholarship. It argues that environmental historians can ... More

Migrations  

Dirk Hoerder

Print publication date:
Mar 2011
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
The history of humanity is a history of migration rather than an early nomadic ‘prehistory’ and a subsequent ‘history’ of settled peoples. Migrations involve intercultural exchange as well ... More

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